America, always revered as the land of opportunity, is rich in
stories about ambitious, determined individuals who worked hard and
built businesses of their own. Yet, few people know about the many
African American entrepreneurs who helped shape the American dream.
This collection brings their stories to life.
In every century, succeeding in business has required courage,
ideas, the willingness to take risks, and the desire to succeed.
For an African American man or woman, building a business also
meant struggling against prejudice and working even harder than
many others. Those who succeed are not just good businessmen and
-women, they are heroes and heroines.
In this vivid, inspiring collection, you will meet more than
thirty fascinating African American entrepreneurs, from the
eighteenth century up to the present, who overcame the odds against
them. You''ll discover little-known facts about their families, and
the exciting times in which they lived. Along the way, you''ll
witness the triumph of talent, ingenuity, and perseverance.
Ranging from cattle ranching to magazine publishing and
computers, these stories show you how:
- Marie-Thérèse Metoyer, born into slavery, started her own
- Pierre Toussaint, born a slave in Haiti, became rich as a
hairdresser in New York.
- Granville T. Woods, an engineer, could not find work after the
Civil War because he was black. So he started inventing. During his
life, he registered more than sixty patents.
- Henry G. Parks, using an old Virginia sausage recipe, built a
national food company.
- Alphonse "Buddy" Fletcher Jr., one of Wall Street''s most
successful stock traders, started his own firm before he was even
thirty years old.
This outstanding collection brings to light these and dozens of
other exciting and surprising tales of entrepreneurs who lived
Meet the black stars who lived their dreams-from the
early years to modern times
Richard Henry Boyd
Janet Harmon Bragg
Alphonse "Buddy" Fletcher Jr.
A. G. Gaston
Berry Gordy Jr.
Earl G. Graves
Thomas L. Jennings
John H. Johnson
Shelton Jackson "Spike" Lee
Reginald F. Lewis
"Free Frank" McWorter
Henry G. Parks
Philip A. Payton Jr.
Jake Simmons Jr.
Ada "Bricktop" Smith
Charles Clinton Spaulding
Dempsey J. Travis
Madame C. J. Walker
Maggie Lena Walker
Granville T. Woods