Driven Out exposes a shocking story of ethnic
cleansing in California and the Pacific Northwest when the first
Chinese Americans were rounded up and purged from more than three
hundred communities by lawless citizens and duplicitous
politicians. From 1848 into the twentieth century, Chinatowns
burned across the West as Chinese miners and merchants, lumberjacks
and fieldworkers, prostitutes and merchants'' wives were violently
loaded onto railroad cars or steamers, marched out of town, or
But the Chinese fought back--with arms, strikes, and lawsuits and
by flatly refusing to leave. When red posters appeared on barns and
windows across the United States urging the Chinese to refuse to
carry photo identity cards, more than one hundred thousand joined
the largest mass civil disobedience to date in the United States.
The first Chinese Americans were marched out and starved out. But
even facing brutal pogroms, they stood up for their civil rights.
This is a story that defines us as a nation and marks our