Gronlund's essential "how to" text is
the best guide on the market for writing instructional
objectives and using them in teaching and assessment. This
classicprovides a step-by-step guide to writing instructional
objectives as intended learning outcomes. From describing how to
state objectives in terms of the type of performance students must
demonstrate in order to show that they have achieved the goals of
the instruction, to illustrated recommended methods with numerous
examples, Gronlund's is a specific procedure for writing
objectives-one that can be used to achieve all types of
learning outcomes and is especially suited to teaching thinking,
performance, and problem-solving skills. The text stresses the
important role of objectives in the teaching-learning-assessment
process-starting from state content standards-and how objectives
can be used to improve student learning.
New to the eighth
- NEW-Chapter-specific Instructional Objectives,
written in the Gronlund format are found at the beginning
of each chapter and serve as a model and highlight for students the
explicit learning goals for the chapter.
- NEW-Exercises that mirror some of the defined learning
outcomes for that chapter have been added at the end of
every chapter giving students the opportunity to practice
and sharpen their skills.
- NEW-Added content on how instructional objectives are
used with formative and summative assessment.
- NEW- Chapter 4, Content Standards and Instructional
Objectives addresses the increasing reliance on state
content standards in classroom teaching as a basis for writing
instructional objectives and includes new examples from six
different states to illustrate this process for students.
- NEW-Bloom's Taxonomy and The Webb Depth of
Knowledge Levels are featured in Chapter Five.