Applying an intercultural and comparative theoretical approach
across Asia and Africa, this book analyses the rise and moderation
of political movements in developing societies which mobilise
popular support with references to conceptions of cultural
identity. The author includes not only the Hindu nationalist
movement but also many Islamist political movements in a single
category - New Cultural Identitarian Political Movements (NCIPM).
Demonstrating significant similarities in the pattern of evolution
between these and European Christian Democracy, the book provides
an instrument for the analysis of these movements outside the
parameters of the fundamentalism debate.
The book looks at a number of key variables for understanding
the evolution of NCIPM, and it goes on to analyse the transition of
developing societies from rent-based political economies to
capitalism and the (partial) failure of this transition process. It
argues that there is a need to incorporate economic and class
analysis in the study of political processes in developing
societies against the continuing emphasis on cultural factors
associated with the "cultural turn" of social sciences. The book is
an interesting contribution to studies in South Asian Politics, as
well as Comparative Politics.