Gronlund’s essential “how to” text is the best guide on the market for writing instructional objectives and using them in teaching and assessment. This classicprovides a step-by-step guide to writing instructional objectives as intended learning outcomes. From describing how to state objectives in terms of the type of performance students must demonstrate in order to show that they have achieved the goals of the instruction, to illustrated recommended methods with numerous examples, Gronlund’s is a specific procedure for writing objectives–one that can be used to achieve all types of learning outcomes and is especially suited to teaching thinking, performance, and problem-solving skills. The text stresses the important role of objectives in the teaching-learning-assessment process–starting from state content standards–and how objectives can be used to improve student learning.
New to the eighth edition:
- NEW–Chapter-specific Instructional Objectives, written in the Gronlund format are found at the beginning of each chapter and serve as a model and highlight for students the explicit learning goals for the chapter.
- NEW–Exercises that mirror some of the defined learning outcomes for that chapter have been added at the end of every chapter giving students the opportunity to practice and sharpen their skills.
- NEW–Added content on how instructional objectives are used with formative and summative assessment.
- NEW– Chapter 4, Content Standards and Instructional Objectives addresses the increasing reliance on state content standards in classroom teaching as a basis for writing instructional objectives and includes new examples from six different states to illustrate this process for students.
- NEW–Bloom’s Taxonomy and The Webb Depth of Knowledge Levels are featured in Chapter Five.