1984 by George Orwell


byGeorge Orwell

Kobo ebook | December 19, 2012

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The readers' poll for the best novels published in the English language since 1900 closed on 20 October 1998, with 217,520 votes cast. NINETEEN EIGHT-FOUR, was place number 6 out of the best 100 novels.
   George Orwell, wrote most of Nineteen Eighty-Four on the island of Jura, Scotland, during 1947–1948 while critically ill with tuberculosis. He sent the final typescript to his friends Secker and Warburg on 4 December 1948, who published the book on 8 June 1949.

  Although the novel has been banned or challenged in some countries, it is, along with Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, among the most famous literary representations of dystopia. In 2005, Time magazine listed it among the hundred best English-language novels published since 1923.

     The novel's title, its terms and its language (Newspeak), and its author's surname are bywords for personal privacy lost to national state security. The adjective "Orwellian" denotes totalitarian action and organisation; the phrase: Big Brother is Watching You connotes pervasive, invasive surveillance. The following quotation from the novel has become famous:

      War is Peace
    Freedom is Slavery
    Ignorance is Strength

     Orwell got the idea for 1984 when he saw in the newspapers of London that listed how much the country's supplies increased during World War II when they were actually very low and were getting smaller. With his knowledge of communism after living in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for five years, he started writing a political satire of the possible condition of Britain in 50 years. The book mainly satires communism with a dystopian society. Although Orwell agreed with socialism, he hated communism.

     The adjective "Orwellian" denotes many things. It can refer to totalitarian action or organization as well as governmental attempts to control or misuse information for the purposes of controlling, pacifying or even subjugating the population. Orwellian can also refer to governmental propagandizing by the misnaming of things. Hence the "Ministry of Peace" in the novel actually deals with war, and the "Ministry of Love" actually tortures people. Since the novel's publication "Orwellian" has in fact become somewhat of a catch-all for any kind of governmental overreach or dishonesty and therefore has multiple meanings and applications. The phrase: Big Brother is Watching You specifically connotes pervasive, invasive surveillance but can also refer to attempts to over regulate or legislate societal behaviour.

     Nineteen Eighty-Four is certainly one of the most important novels written in the 20th century, because it gives an insight into the political lies, distortions and deceptions that are used to control society. Apart from that, the story is interesting from start to finish, and contains satire that opens out political thought for us to see the corruption so often present.

Title:1984Format:Kobo ebookPublished:December 19, 2012Publisher:Download eBooksLanguage:English

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