Discrete Groups, Expanding Graphs And Invariant Measures: Appendix by Jonathan D. Rogawski by Jonathan D. RogawskiDiscrete Groups, Expanding Graphs And Invariant Measures: Appendix by Jonathan D. Rogawski by Jonathan D. Rogawski

Discrete Groups, Expanding Graphs And Invariant Measures: Appendix by Jonathan D. Rogawski

byJonathan D. Rogawski, Alex Lubotzky

Book & Audio | November 23, 2009

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In the last ?fteen years two seemingly unrelated problems, one in computer science and the other in measure theory, were solved by amazingly similar techniques from representation theory and from analytic number theory. One problem is the - plicit construction of expanding graphs («expanders»). These are highly connected sparse graphs whose existence can be easily demonstrated but whose explicit c- struction turns out to be a dif?cult task. Since expanders serve as basic building blocks for various distributed networks, an explicit construction is highly des- able. The other problem is one posed by Ruziewicz about seventy years ago and studied by Banach [Ba]. It asks whether the Lebesgue measure is the only ?nitely additive measure of total measure one, de?ned on the Lebesgue subsets of the n-dimensional sphere and invariant under all rotations. The two problems seem, at ?rst glance, totally unrelated. It is therefore so- what surprising that both problems were solved using similar methods: initially, Kazhdan's property (T) from representation theory of semi-simple Lie groups was applied in both cases to achieve partial results, and later on, both problems were solved using the (proved) Ramanujan conjecture from the theory of automorphic forms. The fact that representation theory and automorphic forms have anything to do with these problems is a surprise and a hint as well that the two questions are strongly related.
Title:Discrete Groups, Expanding Graphs And Invariant Measures: Appendix by Jonathan D. RogawskiFormat:Book & AudioDimensions:196 pagesPublished:November 23, 2009Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3034603312

ISBN - 13:9783034603317

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Table of Contents

Expanding Graphs.- The Banach-Ruziewicz Problem.- Kazhdan Property (T) and its Applications.- The Laplacian and its Eigenvalues.- The Representation Theory of PGL 2.- Spectral Decomposition of L 2(G(?)\G(A)).- Banach-Ruziewicz Problem for n = 2, 3; Ramanujan Graphs.- Some More Discrete Mathematics.- Distributing Points on the Sphere.- Open Problems.

Editorial Reviews

From reviews: "This exciting book marks the genesis of a new field. It is a field in which one passes back and forth at will through the looking glass dividing the discrete from the continuous. (...) The book is a charming combination of topics from group theory (finite and infinite), combinatorics, number theory, harmonic analysis." - Zentralblatt MATH"The Appendix, written by J. Rogawski, explains the Jacquet-Langlands theory and indicates Deligne's proof of the Petersson-Ramanujan conjecture. It would merit its own review. (...) In conclusion, this is a wonderful way of transmitting recent mathematical research directly "from the producer to the consumer". - MathSciNet"The book is accessible to mature graduate students in mathematics and theoretical computer science. It is a nice presentation of a gem at the border of analysis, geometry, algebra and combinatorics. Those who take the effort to glance what happens behind the scene won't regret it." - Acta Scientiarum Mathematicarum