In the Shadow of the Pole: An Early History of Arctic Expeditions, 1871-1912 by S.L. OsborneIn the Shadow of the Pole: An Early History of Arctic Expeditions, 1871-1912 by S.L. Osborne

In the Shadow of the Pole: An Early History of Arctic Expeditions, 1871-1912

byS.L. Osborne

Paperback | December 9, 2013

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In the Shadow of the Pole explains how the Arctic came to be part of Canada.

In the Shadow of the Pole tells the history of how the Arctic became part of Canada and how the Dominion government established jurisdiction there. It describes the early expeditions to Canada's North, including the little-known Dominion government expeditions to the Subarctic and Arctic carried out between 1884 and 1912. The men on these expeditions conducted scientific research, meteorological studies, geological explorations, and hydrographic surveys. They informed the people they met there of Canada's jurisdiction in the region and raised the flag from Hudson Bay to Ellesmere Island. These men endured as much hardship and adventure as Peary, Nansen, Amundsen, and other famous polar explorers, yet their expeditions were not widely publicized, and they received no glory for their efforts. This book delves into the story of the remarkable Canadian men who led these expeditions.

S.L. Osborne's master's thesis on Captain Bernier blossomed into an obsession with Canadian Arctic history. She has worked as a freelance writer for various federal government departments and is currently the publications officer at the Ottawa Hospital Foundation. S.L. Osborne lives in Ottawa.
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Title:In the Shadow of the Pole: An Early History of Arctic Expeditions, 1871-1912Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 9 × 6 × 1 inPublished:December 9, 2013Publisher:DundurnLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1459717856

ISBN - 13:9781459717855

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Reviews

Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent Read "In the Shadow of the Pole" is an outstanding book. It introduced me to a fascinating part of Canada's history that I knew very little about. The book captured my interest right from the start with the story about the Polaris crew that was adrift on an ice flow for 197 days. S.L. Osborne is an excellent writer and is able to draw the reader in by providing interesting descriptions of the numerous Arctic expeditions that took place more than a century ago and the various people that were involved in those expeditions. The photographs that are interspersed among the pages also give the reader visual images that help illuminate this important period in Canada's history.
Date published: 2014-03-25

Table of Contents

Introduction…………………………………………………………………….            1
 
Chapter One                        
The First American North Pole Expedition…………………………………….            6
The Rescue Mission…………………………………………………………….            10
The Transfer…………………………………………………………………….            16
 
Chapter Two                                                                        
A British Polar Expedition………………………………………………………             24
An American Business Venture…………………………………………………            25
The Second American North Pole Expedition………………………………….            31The Adjacent Territories Order………………………………………………….            33
The First International Polar Year ………………………………………………            36
 
Chapter Three                        
An Arctic Shipping Route………………………………………………………            42
The Hudson Bay and Strait Expedition of 1884………………………………..            46North to Hudson Strait………………………………………………………….            50
To Hudson Bay and Back……………………………………………………….            56
Gordon’s 1884 Hudson Bay and Strait Expedition Report……………………..            60
Bell’s Report of the Expedition…………………………………………………            62
 
Chapter Four                        
The Hudson Bay Expedition of 1885            …………………………………………..            65
The 1885 Expedition Report……………………………………………………            74
The Hudson Bay Expedition of 1886……………………………………………            76
The 1886 Expedition Report and Response to It………………………………..            84
 
Chapter Five                        
Nansen’s Polar Drift…………………………………………………………….            89
Yukon and the Western Arctic………………………………………………….            91
Another Expedition to Hudson Bay and Strait…………………………………..            94
Wakeham’s 1897 Expedition …………………………………………………….            99
Wakeham’s Report……………………………………………………………….            111
 
Chapter Six                        
A Canadian Bid for the Pole……………………………………………………...            114
Foreigners in the Arctic…………………………………………………………...            121
The Boundary Dispute and Other Pressing Matters……………………………...            125
Herschel Island……………………………………………………………………            127
                                                           
Chapter Seven            
Northern NWMP Posts…………………………………………………………..            130
An Eastern Arctic Expedition……………………………………………………            132
Low’s Expedition, 1903………………………………………………………….            137
A Safe Harbour and a Perilous Rescue…………………………………………...            142
 
Chapter Eight                       
Fullerton Harbour, 1903…………………………………………………………            148
Asserting Canada’s Authority…………………………………………………..            151
Fullerton Harbour, 1904…………………………………………………………            158
Surveying and Whaling…………………………………………………………..            163
 
Chapter Nine                                                                                                                       
A Ship for Bernier……………………………………………………………….            168
Alaska Boundary Resolution……………………………………………………            170
Preparing for a Northern Expedition………………………………………….            177
A Commander for the Expedition………………………………………………            180
The Neptune’s Cruise into Arctic Waters……………………………………….            185
Through the Strait and Back…………………………………………………….            191
 
Chapter Ten                                                                                                                        
The Dominion Government Steamer Arctic……………………………………..            194
Meeting of Ships..........…………………………………………………………..            197
Fullerton Harbour………………………………………………………………..            198
Overwintering at Fullerton……………………………………………………….            204
Spring and Summer 1905………………………………………………………..            211
Back to Fullerton………………………………………………………………..            218
 
Chapter Eleven            
A Question of Supply……………………………………………………………            221
The 1906 Arctic Expedition…………………………………………………….            223
Annexing the Islands…………………………………………………………….            229
A Winter at Pond Inlet…………………………………………………………..            235
Continuing to Annex the Islands………………………………………...............            240
 
Chapter Twelve           
Cruise of the Arctic, 1908-09…………………………………………………….            245
Into Canadian Arctic Waters……………………………………………………            248
A Sweeping Proclamation……………………………………………………….            257
An Arctic Patrol………………………………………………………………….            259
Journey’s End……………………………………………………………………            263
 
Chapter Thirteen
To the Northwest Passage, 1910………………………………………………..            266
Retreat…………………………………………………………………………..            271
Wintering in Arctic Bay…………………………………………………………            274
The Arctic’s Return………………………………………………………………            285
 
Afterward
The Hudson Bay Surveys ………………………………………………………            287
The Hudson Bay Railway……………………………………………………….            289
The Expedition Men…………………………………………………………..            290
 
Acknowledgements……………………………………………………………..            294
Chapter Notes……………………………………………………………………            295           
 
Selected Bibliography………………………………………………………….            296
Index……………………………………………………………………………            311                       
Maps and Photographs…………………………………………………………

Editorial Reviews

. . . a fascinating and exceptionally well written work of northern historical scholarship by Canadian author S.L. Osborne. - Fairbanks News-Miner