A Geography of the Canadian Economy

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byIain Wallace

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The geography of the Canadian economy is undergoing significant change. North-south links encouraged by the North American Free Trade Agreement are loosening east-west ties forged since Confederation. Metropolitian economies have replaced resource-based hinterlands as the centres of dynamicgrowth, and as the regional economies of traditional geographical units, such as the Praries, have become less homogeneous, policy choices have become more complex.In A Geography of the Canadian Economy, Wallace offers a detailed account of how geography has simultaneously shaped the evolution of Canada's economy and has been shaped by economic forces. It explores these themes along three dimensions. Part I, Context, reviews Canada's external economicrelations, globally and particularly within North America. Probing the implications of culture, politics, and regionalism for Canada's economic geography, it assesses the roles played by the natural environment, structural change in industrial systems, and the character of cities in shaping domesticeconomic opportunities and challenges.Part II, Sectors, presents an overview of Canada's major economic sectors, from the traditional, resource-based ones such as agriculture, forest products, and energy to those built on contemporary expertise in high-technology manufacturing and services. Part III, Regions, explores the distinctivecore/periphery economic structure of four major regions: Atlantic Canada, Central Canada, Western Canada, and Northern and Aboriginal Canada. A final chapter takes stock of the forces of continuity and change that make the geography of the Canadian economy a fascinating 'work in progress'.

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The geography of the Canadian economy is undergoing significant change. North-south links encouraged by the North American Free Trade Agreement are loosening east-west ties forged since Confederation. Metropolitian economies have replaced resource-based hinterlands as the centres of dynamicgrowth, and as the regional economies of tradi...

Iain Wallace is at Carleton University.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:280 pages, 8.9 × 6 × 0.8 inPublisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195407733

ISBN - 13:9780195407730

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Table of Contents

List of TablesList of FiguresAcknowledgementsPrefacePart I: Context1. Canada and the World EconomyIntroductionGlobal Economic Restructuring and Its Implications for CanadaCanada and the Global EconomyCanadian Industrialization in a Continental ContextThe Pattern of Canada's International Economic LinkagesConclusionFurther Reading2. The Role of Culture and Political EconomyHistorical IntroductionThe Political Economy of Regionalism: BackgroundThe Era of 'Regional Policy' and Its ImpactRegional Political Economy at the Start of the Twenty-First CenturySociety, Culture, and the EconomyConclusionFurther Reading3. The Natural Environment and the EconomyIntroductionEnvironmental ParametersStaple Industries and the EnvironmentFrom Consumer Society to Conserver Society?Climatic Change and Environmental HazardsConclusionFurther Reading4. Structural Change in the Canadian EconomyIntroductionGlobalizationSituating Canada in the Capitalist World EconomyNational Competitive Advantage: Porter's ModelEconomic Restructuring at the National ScaleThe Region as a Key Economic EnvironmentConclusionFurther Reading5. Economic Dimensions of the Canadian Urban SystemIntroductionUrban SystemsThe Canadian Urban SystemMetropolitian ConcentrationMetropolitian EconomiesCanada's Largest Metropolitian RegionsStrategies of AdjustmentBeyond the Metropolitian AreasConclusionFurther ReadingPart II: Sectors6. The Service SectorIntroductionDistributive ServicesProducer ServicesPublic, Non-market ServicesPersonal ServicesTourismConclusionFurther Reading7. Post-Staples ManufacturingIntroductionManufacturing OverviewCanada's Place in the North American Auto IndustryThe Aerospace IndustryTelecommunications, Computer Equipment, and Related IndustriesOther High-Technology SectorsConclusionFurther Reading8. Agriculture, Agri-food, and the Rural EconomyIntroductionFarm CharacteristicsThe Policy FrameworkRegional PatternsBeyond AgricultureConclusionFurther Reading9. The Forest and Minerals IndustriesIntroductionThe Forest SectorThe Minerals SectorConclusionFurther Reading10. The Energy and Chemical IndustriesIntroductionThe Geopolitics of EnergyInterfuel Competition and Industrial LocationEnergy Projects as Means of National and Regional DevelopmentIssues of the Early Twenty-First CenturyConclusionFurther Reading11. TransportationIntroductionThe Role of Technological ChangeChanges in Transportation NetworksMajor Traffic FlowsConclusionFurther ReadingPart III: Regions12. Atlantic CanadaIntroductionRegional ChallengesNewfoundlandNova ScotiaNew Brunswick and Prince Edward IslandConclusionFurther Reading13. Central CanadaIntroductionContrasts in the CoreRecent Economic Performance of Central CanadaRegional Economic StructureQuebec SubregionsOntario SubregionsChallenges of Economic RestructuringConclusionFurther Reading14. Western CanadaIntroductionThe Character of the Prairie EconomyThe Character of the British Columbia EconomyEconomic Restructuring in Western CanadaRegional Economy of the Western ProvincesConclusionFurther Reading15. Northern and Aboriginal CanadaIntroductionThe Northern EconomyConclusionFurther ReadingConclusion: Continuity and ChangeGlossaryReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

This is an important book which fills a glaring void in the current literature on the contemporary geography and economy of Canada. It is a straight-forward guide to Canada's economic geography, useful in its organization and easy to read and comprehend. Derek Eberts, Brandon University forRoyal Geographical Society (Volume 169)