A Historical Introduction to Philosophy: Texts and Interactive Guides

Paperback | January 15, 2002

EditorJames Fieser, Norman Lillegard

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Offering a unique pedagogical apparatus, A Historical Introduction to Philosophy: Texts and Interactive Guides provides selections from the most influential primary works in philosophy from the Presocratics through the twentieth century, integrating them with substantial commentary and studyquestions. It offers extensive treatment of the Hellenistic and Renaissance periods--which are typically given only minimal coverage in other anthologies--and devotes substantial chapters to nineteenth- and twentieth-century philosophy. The selections are organized historically and are presented inshort and manageable sections with organizational headings and subheadings; archaic and difficult material has been adapted for clarity. Accompanying commentaries simplify difficult passages, explain technical terminology, and expand upon allusions to unfamiliar literature and arguments. Studyquestions are interspersed throughout the chapters in "Ask Yourself" boxes and vary with respect to format and level of difficulty. They require students to reconstruct arguments, summarize passages, complete blanks in statements and arguments, evaluate the success or viability of a philosophicalpoint, or draw contemporary parallels and applications. The questions are carefully framed so as to avoid commitment to any particular side in controversies. Instructors can assign those questions that will best suit the aims of their courses and aid their students' comprehension of the primarysource material. A Historical Introduction to Philosophy is enhanced by a comprehensive time line, a glossary, and lists of suggested further readings for both primary and secondary sources. This rich and flexible anthology and interactive textbook is ideal for introduction to philosophy and historyof philosophy courses.

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Offering a unique pedagogical apparatus, A Historical Introduction to Philosophy: Texts and Interactive Guides provides selections from the most influential primary works in philosophy from the Presocratics through the twentieth century, integrating them with substantial commentary and studyquestions. It offers extensive treatment of t...

Norman Lillegard is at University of Tennessee at Martin.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:736 pages, 7.4 × 9.09 × 1.1 inPublished:January 15, 2002Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195139844

ISBN - 13:9780195139846

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Table of Contents

Preface: Time Line: 1. EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHYIntroduction Homer and Hesiod Principal concerns of the PresocraticsMilesians Thales Anaximander AnaximenesOther Ionians Xenophanes Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans HeraclitusThe Eleatics Parmenides ZenoPluralist Alternatives to Parmenides Empedocles Anaxagoras The Atomists: Parmenides as PluralistThe Sophists: Rhetoric and Virtue for a Price Protagoras and Gorgias2. SOCRATES AND PLATOIntroductionSocrates The Euthyphro Meno The ApologyPlato Introduction to the Theory of Forms Phaedo The Republic Phaedrus3. ARISTOTLEIntroductionLogical Works CategoriesNature and the Soul Physics On the SoulEthics Book 1 Book 2 Book 34. HELLENISTIC PHILOSOPHYEpicureanism Atoms and Free Will Fearing the Gods Fear of Death Pleasure and Pain Prudence and FreedomStoicism Zeno of Citium: Logic, Physics, and Ethics EpictetusCynicism Antisthenes and DiogenesSkepticism Academics and Pyrrhonians The Goal and Criterion of Skepticism The Ten Modes of Skepticism5. MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHYAugustine Book 1. Good and Evil Book 2. Book 3.The Confessions: Augustine on TimeAnselm Proslogion 1Averroes (from The Decisive Treatise Determining the Nature of the Connection Between Religion and Philosophy) Chapter 2: Philosophy and Religion Belong Together Chapter 3: The Elite and Ordinary BelieversMoses Maimonides (from The Guide for the Perplexed) God and Biblical LanguageThomas Aquinas (from Summa Theologica) The Existence of God Natural Law6. RENAISSANCE AND EARLY MODERN PHILOSOPHYHumanism Pico's Oration More's UtopiaThe ReformationLuther's Appeal Calvin's InstitutesFideism and Skepticism Montaigne's Apology (from "Apology for Raymond Sebond") Bayle's Dictionary (from "Psyrrho" in Historical and Critical Dictionary) Pascal's Wager (from Thoughts)Astronomy The Earth-Centered System of the Universe Copernicus ("Dedication" to On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres) Galileo (from "letter to Giacomo Muti," and Dialogues on the Two Chief Systems of the World) Newton (from "Preface" to Principia Mathematica) Implications of Modern AstronomyScientific Method Bacon and Induction Descartes's Method Newton's Method of Investigation (from Principia Mathematica and Optics)Mathematics and Scientific Method7. RATIONALISMRene Descartes Meditation 1: Concerning Those Things That Can Be Called Into Doubt Meditation 2: Concerning the Nature of the Human Mind: That the Mind Is More Known Than the Body Meditation 3: Of God: That He Exists Meditation 6: Of the Existence of Material Things, and of the Real Distinction between the Soul and Body of Man Supplementary SelectionsBenedict Spinoza (from The Ethics) God Does Not Willfully Direct the Course of NatureNicholas Malebranche (from The Search after Truth) Chapter 1, Section 1: What Is Meant by Ideas; That They Truly Exist, and That They Are Necessary to Perceive All Material Objects Chapter 6: That We See All Things In God OccasionalismGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Monads Human Perception Good Body and Soul The Human Spirit Against Atoms and a VacuumAnne Conway All Creatures Are Changeable Against Descartes, Hobbes, and Spinoza8. BRITISH EMPIRICISMJohn Locke (from Essay Concerning Human Understanding)1:2. No Speculative Innate Principles in the Mind2:1. Of Ideas in General and Their Origin2:2. Of Simple Ideas2:3. Of Simple Ideas of Sense2:5. Of Simple Ideas of Diverse Senses2:6. Of Simple Ideas of Reflection2:7. Of Simple Ideas of Both Sensation and Reflection2:8. Some Farther Considerations Concerning Our Simple Ideas2:12. Of Complex Ideas4:3. Of the Extent of Human Knowledge4:9. Of Our Threefold Knowledge of Existence4.11. Of Our Knowledge of the Existence of Other ThingsGeorge Berkeley Dialogue One Dialogue Two Dialogue ThreeDavid Hume (from Enquiries and Treatise of Human Nature Section 2: Of the Origin of Ideas Section 3: Of the Association of Ideas Section 7: Of the Idea of Necessary Connection Section 10: Of Miracles Section 12: Of The Academical or Skeptical Philosophy Personal Identity Moral Theory9. LATE MODERN AND NINETEENTH-CENTURY PHILOSOPHYThomas Reid (from Inquiry into the Human Mind) Introduction Chapter II. Of SmellingImmanuel Kant (from Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics and Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals) Introduction Preamble on the Peculiarities of All Metaphysical Knowledge How Is Pure Mathematics Possible? How Is the Science of Nature Possible? How Is Metaphysics in General Possible? Kant's Ethical TheoryGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (from Preface to Phenomenology of Mind) Introduction Philosophy and History The Unity of Subject and Object History as RationalSoren Kierkegaard (from Either/Or vol. I and II) Introduction: Kierkegaard's "Existentialism" The Life of Enjoyment The Ethical LifeMary Wollstonecraft (from Vindication of the Rights of Women) The Rights of Women; True Virtue and True Social Flourishing Education, Virtue, and the Need for a Revolution in MannersJohn Stuart Mill (from Utilitarianism) 1: General Remarks 2: What Utilitarianism IsFriedrich Nietzsche (from The Birth of Tragedy, The Genealogy of Morals, The Joyful Science, and Thus Spake Zarathustra) Art, Morality, and Religion The Critique of Morality The Death of God10. TWENTIETH-CENTURY AND CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHYBertrand Russell Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge byDescriptionLudwig Wittgenstein Introduction Language and UseWillard Van Orman Quine The Nature of Modern Empiricism Background for Analyticity Definition Interchangeability The Verification Theory and Reductionism Empiricism without the DogmasJean-Paul Sartre Freedom in a Godless WorldG.E.M. Anscombe Modern Moral PhilosophyGlossary: Index:

Editorial Reviews

"The texts have been carefully chosen. I was particularly pleased by the inclusion of Moses Maimonides, Martin Luther, and John Calvin, who are frequently overlooked. The scholarly remarks by the editors are easily accessible to students."--Lawrence C. Foard, Westfield State College(Emeritus)