A History Of Abstract Algebra by Israel KleinerA History Of Abstract Algebra by Israel Kleiner

A History Of Abstract Algebra

byIsrael Kleiner

Paperback | October 2, 2007

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Prior to the nineteenth century, algebra meant the study of the solution of polynomial equations. By the twentieth century algebra came to encompass the study of abstract, axiomatic systems such as groups, rings, and fields. This presentation provides an account of the history of the basic concepts, results, and theories of abstract algebra.The development of abstract algebra was propelled by the need for new tools to address certain classical problems that appeared unsolvable by classical means. A major theme of the approach in this book is to show how abstract algebra has arisen in attempts to solve some of these classical problems, providing context from which the reader may gain a deeper appreciation of the mathematics involved.Key features:* Begins with an overview of classical algebra* Contains separate chapters on aspects of the development of groups, rings, and fields* Examines the evolution of linear algebra as it relates to other elements of abstract algebra* Highlights the lives and works of six notables: Cayley, Dedekind, Galois, Gauss, Hamilton, and especially the pioneering work of Emmy Noether* Offers suggestions to instructors on ways of integrating the history of abstract algebra into their teaching* Each chapter concludes with extensive references to the relevant literatureMathematics instructors, algebraists, and historians of science will find the work a valuable reference. The book may also serve as a supplemental text for courses in abstract algebra or the history of mathematics.
Title:A History Of Abstract AlgebraFormat:PaperbackDimensions:184 pages, 9.25 × 6.1 × 0.01 inPublished:October 2, 2007Publisher:Birkhäuser BostonLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0817646841

ISBN - 13:9780817646844

Table of Contents

Preface.-Chapter 1: Classical Algebra.-Early roots.-The Greeks.-Al-Khwarizmi.-Cubic and quartic equations.-The cubic and complex numbers.-Algebraic notation: Viète and Descartes.-The theory of equations and the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra.-Symbolical algebra.-References.-Chapter 2: Group Theory.-Sources of group theory.-Development of "specialized" theories of groups.-Emergence of abstraction in group theory.-Consolidation of the abstract group concept; dawn of abstract group theory. Divergence of developments in group theory.-References.-Chapter 3: Ring Theory.-Noncommutative ring theory.-Commutative ring theory.-The abstract definition of a ring.-Emmy Noether and Emil Artin.-Epilogue.-References.-Chapter 4: Field Theory.-Galois theory.-Algebraic number theory.-Algebraic geometry.-Symbolical algebra.-The abstract definition of a field.-Hensel's p-adic numbers.-Steinitz.-A glance ahead.-References.-Chapter 5: Linear Algebra.-Linear equations.-Determinants Matrices and linear transformations.-Linear independence, basis, and dimension.-Vector spaces.-References.-Chapter 6: Emmy Noether and the Advent of Abstract Algebra.-Invariant theory.-Commutative algebra.-Noncommutative algebra and representation theory.-Applications of noncommutative to commutative algebra.-Noether's legacy.-References.-Chapter 7: A course in abstract algebra inspired by history.-Problem I: Why is (-1)(-1) = 1? .-Problem II: What are the integer solutions of x2 + 2 = y3 ? .-Problem III: Can we trisect a 600 angle using only straightedge and compass?.-Problem IV: Can we solve x5 - 6x + 3 = 0? .-Problem V: "Papa, can you multiply triples?" .-General remarks on the course.-References.-Chapter 8: Biographies of Selected Mathematicians.-Cayley.-Invariants.-Groups.-Matrices. Geometry.-Conclusion.-References.-Dedekind.-Algebraic numbers.-Real numbers.-Natural numbers.-Other works. Conclusion.-References.-Galois.-Mathematics.-Politics.-The duel.-Testament.-Conclusion.-References.-Gauss.-Number theory.-Differential geometry, probability, statistics.-The diary.-Conclusion.-References.-Hamilton.-Optics.-Dynamics.-Complex numbers.-Foundations of algebra.-Quaternions.-Conclusion.-References.-Noether.-Early years.-University studies.-Göttingen.-Noether as a teacher.-Bryn Mawr.-Conclusion.-References.-Index.-Acknowledgments

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"This concise history conveniently brings together topics in modern algebra that one might otherwise only find in scattered sources. . it reflects a deep attention to the mathematics and to how its history can be used to help understand the subject today. . The author provides an outline of his course in abstract algebra, a course that is intended for teachers of mathematics . ." (Albert C. Lewis, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2008 g)"This book gives an overview of the origin and development of the basic ideas of modern abstract algebra. . In each chapter, the author makes extensive references to relevant literature. The book can be recommended to mathematicians, teachers of mathematics (especially of algebra), historians of the sciences and students, who can find many useful references and ideas for their research, teaching or studies." (EMS Newsletter, September, 2008)"This remarkable book presents both the history of algebra as well as selected detailed biographies of algebraists. . the origin of important ideas and concepts is presented very skillfully, even in a way such that the development of ideas can be used as a very good textbook for algebra. . This book combines in relatively few pages non-trivial algebra with detailed historical facts and ideas and should bring the reader a wealth of new insights." (G. Pilz, Internationle Mathematische Nachrichten, Issue 210, 2009)