A History of Psychology

Paperback | January 31, 2012

byOtto Klemm

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1914. Excerpt: ... character of the volitional process that its typical significance lies.1 This principle, however, which was originally meant to be merely a methodological principle, tends very readily to become transformed into the dogma of the metaphysical priority of volition. If we review from this point the development of spiritualistic psychology we shall recognize the tendency to shift the problem of spiritualism to the realm of the border problems of psychology. The various tendencies of spiritualism, in so far as they have relevance for psychology, meanwhile exhibit a noticeable similarity for a considerable period, since, while extending the boundaries of the psychical, they do not resort to heterogeneous principles of explanation, as materialism so often does. 2. Materialism in Psychology Materialistic psychology divides into three main forms according to the relation asserted to exist between mental and physical processes. In the most naive form of this doctrine the soul is treated as a special kind of substance which penetrates the body, or else it is outrightly identified with some part of the body, usually the brain. Since this form resolves the soul into atoms similar to the atoms of physics, it may be called atomistic materialism. The growing knowledge of brain processes combined with epistemological considerations rendered atomistic materialism unsatisfactory and led to the interpretation of mental processes as the effect of brain processes. Thus arose mechanistic materialism, a form which developed concomitantly with the mechanistic conception of nature. The third most general form is psychophysical materialism, according to which mental processes are functions of specific bodily processes. While atomistic 1 Cf. Wundt, Grundriss der Psychologie, § ...

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1914. Excerpt: ... character of the volitional process that its typical significance lies.1 This principle, however, which was originally meant t...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:114 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.24 inPublished:January 31, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217770215

ISBN - 13:9780217770217

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