A History Of Surgery: With Emphasis On The Netherlands by D. de MoulinA History Of Surgery: With Emphasis On The Netherlands by D. de Moulin

A History Of Surgery: With Emphasis On The Netherlands

byD. de Moulin

Paperback | November 5, 2011

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Surgery as a medical discipline has from its beginnings appealed to the imagination of many. It is therefore not surprising to find that its colourful past has induced quite a few authors to take up their pens. The truth of this in the Netherlands is witnessed by a number of dissertations and monographs and especially by the numerous articles related to the history of surgery which have appeared in the medical weekly Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, particularly during the two decades preceding the Second World War. The memorial volume, published in 1977 by the 'Nederlandse Vereniging voor Heelkunde' (Association of Surgeons of the Netherlands) has thoroughly covered the history of Dutch surgery since the tum of the century, but a chronological survey of the earlier events which led to these modem achievements is still wanting. This book has been written with a view to meeting this need. In it, Dutch surgery has by no means been taken as an isolated phenomenon, but considered in its context with European surgery as a whole. Foreign influences on the on surgery abroad are discussed Netherlands and, conversely, Dutch influences whilst contemporary medical thinking is set against a cultural and political back­ ground. It is hoped that this approach will allow the book to exceed the narrow boundaries of'campanilismo' and make it of interest to non-Dutch readers as well.
Title:A History Of Surgery: With Emphasis On The NetherlandsFormat:PaperbackPublished:November 5, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401080089

ISBN - 13:9789401080088

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Table of Contents

1: The Roots of Western Surgery.- 1.1. Antiquity.- 1.1.1. Greece.- 1.1.1.1. Cultural setting.- 1.1.1.2. Hippocrates.- 1.1.1.3. Surgery in the Corpus Hippocraticum.- 1.1.2. Hellenism.- 1.1.2.1. Cultural setting.- 1.1.2.2. Celsus.- 1.1.2.3. Galen.- Galenism.- Humoral pathology.- General surgical pathology.- Bloodletting.- Some aspects of Galen's surgery.- 1.1.2.4. Paul of Aegina.- 1.1.3. The Byzantine empire.- 1.2. The Muslim world.- 1.2.1. Cultural setting.- 1.2.2. Arabic medical scholarship.- 1.2.2.1. Johannitius.- 1.2.2.2. Rhazes.- 1.2.2.3. Haly Abbas.- 1.2.2.4. Avicenna.- 1.2.2.5. Albucasis.- 1.2.2.6. Avenzoar.- 1.2.3. Aspects of Muslim surgery.- 2: The Western Middle Ages.- 2.1. The early Middle Ages.- 2.1.1. Social setting.- 2.1.2. Monasteries.- 2.1.3. Medical literature.- 2.2. The late Middle Ages.- 2.2.1. Social setting.- 2.2.2. Salerno.- 2.2.3. Northern Italy.- 2.2.3.1. Bruno da Longoburgo; Theodorico Borgognoni.- 2.2.3.2. Guglielmo da Saliceto.- 2.2.3.3. The rise of human anatomy.- 2.2.3.4. Surgery and the Church.- 2.2.3.5. Itinerant empirics.- 2.2.4. France.- 2.2.4.1. Paris.- Position of the barber-surgeons.- Lanfranc (Lanfranchi, Lanfranco).- 2.2.4.2. Montpellier.- The barber-surgeons' guild.- Henri de Mondeville.- Guy de Chauliac.- 2.2.5. The Netherlands.- 2.2.5.1. Economical and cultural setting.- 2.2.5.2. Evidences of surgical practice.- Barber-surgeons in civic service.- 2.2.5.3. Surgical literature.- Yperman and Scellinck.- Minor surgical texts.- 3: The Renaissance.- 3.1. The rise of the Republic of the United Provinces.- 3.2. Medicine.- 3.3. The surgeons.- 3.3.1. The forming of guilds.- 3.3.2. Examinations.- 3.3.3. Surgical practitioners.- 3.4. Anatomy as a basic surgical science.- 3.4.1. The relevance of anatomical knowledge to the surgeon.- 3.4.2. Royal privilege for the surgeons in Amsterdam.- 3.4.3. The tardy rise of modern anatomy.- 3.5. Surgical literature.- 3.5.1. Translations.- 3.5.2. Original publications printed in Dutch.- 3.6. Towards a more operative form of surgery.- 3.6.1. Franco.- 3.6.2. Santo.- 3.7. Surgical pharmaceutics (Materia chirurgica).- 4: The Golden Age.- 4.1. Political and economical history.- 4.2. Cultural life.- 4.3. Universities.- 4.4. Trends in medicine.- 4.5. Anatomy.- 4.6. Physiology.- 4.7. Experimental surgery.- 4.8. Scientific communication.- 4.9. Superstition.- 4.10. Surgery as a social phenomenon.- 4.10.1. General survey.- 4.10.2. The surgeons' guilds in the Netherlands.- 4.10.3. Surgeons' halls.- 4.10.4. Vocational training.- 4.10.5. Anatomical theatres.- 4.10.6. Guild lecturers of anatomy.- 4.10.7. The surgeon's shop.- 4.11. Hospitals and hospital surgeons.- 4.12. Military surgeons.- 4.13. Traditional cutters.- 4.14 Bonesetters.- 4.15 The relationship between surgeons and physicians.- 4.16 Professional literature.- 4.16.1. Foreign works.- 4.16.2. Dutch literature.- 4.16.2.1. Three popular textbooks and their authors.- Jan van Beverwyck.- Paul Barbette.- Cornells Solingen.- 4.16.2.2. Books recommended to apprentice-surgeons.- Rustingh's suggestions; surgical catechisms.- Cornells van de Voorde.- 4.16.2.3. Collected case histories.- Nicolaas Tulp.- Frederick Ruysch.- Job van Meekeren.- Hendrik van Roonhuyze.- 4.17 Obstetrics.- 5: The Age of Enlightenment.- 5.1. Cultural setting.- 5.2. Medicine.- 5.3. Surgery.- 5.3.1. France.- 5.3.2. England.- 5.3.3. Germany.- 5.3.4. Italy.- 5.3.5. The Netherlands.- 5.3.5.1. General overview.- The French period.- Training by the guilds.- Private courses in anatomy and surgery.- Social status.- Relationship with physicians.- 5.3.5.2. A further consideration of surgery in a few Dutch cities and in the countryside.- Leyden.- Surgery at the university.- Surgery in the guild.- Amsterdam.- A'dam surgery seen through the eyes of a German student.- Corruption in the Amsterdam guild.- Emancipation of obstetrics.- The Hague.- Utrecht.- Harderwijk.- Middelburg, Goes, Zierikzee.- Groningen.- Rotterdam.- The country.- 5.3.5.3. Surgery in the latter days of the Republic.- The professional level.- Critical observations of two professors.- Measures to arrest the decline of surgery.- New anatomical theatres.- Society for the Advancement of Surgery.- Abolition of the surgeons' guilds.- 5.3.5.4. The Netherlands as French vassal state and part of the Napoleonic Empire.- Political and social aspects.- Training in surgery after the suppression of the guilds.- The medical State Settlements of 1804.- Incorporated into France.- 6: Practical Surgery in The 17Th and 18Th Centuries.- 6.1. General introduction.- 6.2. Soft part injuries.- 6.2.1. Introduction.- 6.2.2. The natural healing processes.- 6.2.3. Treatment of fresh wounds.- 6.2.3.1. Haemostasis.- 6.2.3.2. Depuration.- 6.2.3.3. Wound closure.- 6.2.3.4. External medicaments.- 6.2.3.5. Should suppuration be promoted?.- 6.2.3.6. Lacerated wounds.- 6.2.3.7. Bandaging.- 6.2.3.8. Supplementary treatment.- 6.2.4. Treatment of war wounds.- 6.2.5. Tetanus.- 6.3. Bone and joint surgery.- 6.3.1. Osteology.- 6.3.2. Fractures.- 6.3.2.1. Some standard textbooks.- 6.3.2.2. Principles of fracture treatment.- 6.3.2.3. Fracture treatment in practice.- 6.3.2.4. Results of fracture treatment; Osteoclasis.- 6.3.2.5. The process of repair.- 6.3.3. Dislocations.- 6.3.4. Orthopaedics.- 6.3.5. Amputations.- 6.3.5.1. Indications.- 6.3.5.2. Technique.- Minor amputations.- Major amputations.- Amputations of the thigh.- Amputations through the joints.- Joint excision.- Amputation as treatment of compound fractures.- 6.4. Head injuries.- 6.4.1. Pathology.- 6.4.2. Signs and symptoms.- 6.4.3. Prognosis.- 6.4.4. Therapy.- 6.4.5. Developments in the late eighteenth century.- 6.5. Vascular surgery.- 6.5.1. Aneurysms.- 6.5.1.1. Varieties and their cause.- 6.5.1.2. Treatment.- An Amsterdam case history.- 6.5.2. Experimental vascular surgery.- 6.6. Tumour surgery.- 6.6.1. Facial tumours.- 6.6.2. Breast cancer.- 6.6.2.1. Pathophysiological concepts.- 6.6.2.2. Metastasis.- 6.6.2.3. Contagiousness.- 6.6.2.4. Conservative treatment.- 6.6.2.5. Operative treatment.- 6.6.2.6. Frequency of operation.- 6.6.2.7. Follow-up of patients.- 6.6.2.8. Quackery.- 6.7. Hernia.- 6.7.1. Incidence.- 6.7.2. Pathology.- 6.7.2.1. Indirect inguinal hernia.- 6.7.2.2. Congenital hernia.- 6.7.2.3. Strangulated hernia.- 6.7.2.4. Direct inguinal hernia.- 6.7.2.5. Other types.- 6.7.3. Clinical features.- 6.7.4. Treatment.- 6.7.4.1. Non-strangulated hernia.- Conservative treatment.- Trusses and their makers.- Operative treatment.- Itinerant operators for hernia.- Johann Francken.- Operative technique.- Surgeon-herniotomists.- 6.7.4.2. Strangulated hernia.- 6.7.5. Legacy Monnikhoff.- 6.8. Bladder stone.- 6.8.1. Indicence.- 6.8.2. Operative treatment.- 6.8.2.1. France.- 6.8.2.2. Lithotomy in the Netherlands in the seventeenth century.- Supervision by the civic authorities.- Two well-known Dutch lithotomists of the Golden Age at work.- Rochus van Dyck.- Jacob Sasbout Souburg.- A visiting incisor: Frère Jacquesde Beaulieu 246.- 6.8.2.3. Improvements of lithotomy in the eighteenth century.- Risks of the traditional operations.- Lateral cystotomy.- Suprapubic cystotomy andprostatotomy.- Jacques Petit, Bonnet, John Douglas, Cheselden, Morand, Le Cat.- Sermes, Francken, Denys.- Operation in two stages.- 6.8.3. Chemical composition of bladder stones.- 6.9. Resuscitation.- 6.10. The surgeon's tools.- 7: The Beginning of Modern Surgery.- 7.1. The political history of the Netherlands in the nineteenth century.- 7.2. Medical science in the first half of the nineteenth century.- 7.2.1. France.- 7.2.2. Great Britain.- 7.2.3. Germany.- 7.2.4. The Netherlands.- 7.3. Surgery in the first half of the nineteenth century.- 7.3.1. France.- 7.3.2. Great Britain.- 7.3.3. The United States of America.- 7.3.4. Germany, Austria.- 7.3.5. The Netherlands under its first king (1813-40).- 7.3.5.1. Medical legislation.- 7.3.5.2. Surgical apprenticeship.- 7.3.5.3. The continued existence of barber-surgeons.- 7.3.5.4. Clinical Schools.- 7.3.5.5. Military doctors.- 7.3.5.6. Textbooks of surgery.- 7.3.5.7. Medical journals.- 7.4. New developments towards the middle of the nineteenth century.- 7.4.1. The emergence of scientific materialism.- 7.4.2. The introduction of anaesthesia.- 7.4.3. Plaster bandage.- 7.4.4. Surgery in the Netherlands in the middle of the century.- 8: Antisepsis: A Turning Point in Surgery.- 8.1. Hospital surgical departments in the sixties of the last century.- 8.2. Classification of wound diseases.- 8.3. Aetiology of wound diseases.- 8.3.1. Infection as understood in the pre-microbiological era.- 8.3.2. Brugmans on hospital gangrene.- 8.3.3. Gynaecological contributions to the notion of contact infection.- 8.3.3.1. Oliver Wendell Holmes.- 8.3.3.2. Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis.- 8.3.3.3. Puerperal fever in Amsterdam.- 8.4. Antisepsis and asepsis.- 8.4.1. Louis Pasteur.- 8.4.2. Joseph Lister.- 8.5. The introduction of antisepsis in the Netherlands.- 8.6. Bacteriology.- 8.7. New university clinics.- 8.8. Modern nursing.- 9: The German Period in Dutch Surgery.- 9.1. The supremacy of German-Austrian surgery.- 9.2. Following the German lead; foundation of the Association of Surgeons of the Netherlands.- 9.3. The growth of surgery as a modern specialty in the Netherlands.- 9.4. Operative surgery.- 9.4.1. Abdominal surgery.- 9.4.1.1. Gastrointestinal surgery.- 9.4.1.2. Surgery of the gallbladder.- 9.4.1.3. Appendectomy.- 9.4.1.4. Herniae.- 9.4.2. Skull and brain.- 9.4.3. Thoracic surgery.- 9.4.4. Cancer of the breast.- 9.4.5. Surgery of the thyroid.- 9.4.6. Urology.- 9.4.7. Vascular surgery.- 9.4.8. Treatment of fractures.- 9.5. Anaesthesia and shock management.- 9.6. The First World War.- 10: Surgery in The Past 75 Years.- 10.1. Between the two World Wars.- 10.1.1. Social background.- 10.1.2. Medical science in the 1920's and 1930's.- 10.1.3. Surgery: general characteristics.- 10.1.3.1. Surgery as a recognized specialty.- 10.1.3.2. Operative surgery.- Abdominal surgery.- Thoracic surgery.- Urology.- The endocrine system.- Vascular surgery; interruption of nervous pathways.- 10.1.3.3. Treatment of fractures.- 10.1.3.4. Anesthesiology.- 10.1.3.5. Postoperative care, shock management and blood transfusion.- 10.2. German occupation of Holland 1940-1945.- 10.2.1. Practical surgery.- 10.2.2. Underground research.- 10.3. Surgery after the Second World War.- 10.3.1. General aspects.- 10.3.2. Surgery in the Netherlands after World War H: the American era.- Thoracic surgery.- Vascular surgery.- Treatment of fractures.- Gastrointestinal surgery.- Oncological surgery.- Experimental surgery.- Organ transplantation.- 10.3.3. The surgeon's workshop.- 10.3.4. Training.- 10.3.5. Dutch Society for the Advancement of Surgical Sciences.- 10.3.6. Surgical subspecialties.- 10.4. Epilogue.- Notes and References.- Index of names.

Editorial Reviews

`This book is a splendid concise history of several thousand years of Western surgery ..., a comprehensible and readable overview of the history of surgery which will prove useful to teachers and researchers.'
Toby Gelfand, Bulletin of Historical Medicine, 1989, no. 63.