This book provides a complete conspectus of the evidence for every identifiable resident of Athens in antiquity, except for foreigners whose ethnic is known. It is thus both a prosopography and an onomasticon in one. In the former capacity, it is the successor to the distinguishedProsopographia Attica of J. Kirchner, published in 1903; in the latter it provides the Athenian contribution to the Lexicon of Greek Personal Names series, edited by P. M. Fraser and E. Matthews. The evidence for the denizens of Athens in antiquity is substantially epigraphical in nature and most of the references in this work are to inscriptions. This is particularly so for the Hellenistic and Roman periods, when the literary sources all but fail. Since Kirchner completed his magisterialwork, excavations, especially in the Athenian Agora, have brought to light a massive treasure trove of inscriptions. This volume incorporates the evidence from these new discoveries, brings up to date the (now) antiquated forms of references which render Kirchner's work so hard to use, and alsoincludes the evidence from the Roman period. This volume will serve as an invaluable tool for scholars of ancient history and epigraphy, bringing together for the first time in ninety years the evidence for every individual of Ancient Athens who is known by name from the early Classical to the late Roman period.