A Manual Of Medi Val And Modern History

Paperback | October 16, 2012

byMary Elsie Thalheimer

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1874 edition. Excerpt: ...protectress. Her successor, James I., held, if possible, a still more obstinate belief in the divine right of hereditary monarchs, which made him look upon the Dutch as traitors and rebels. The siege of Ostend, which had cost the lives of 100,000 men, ended Sept. 20, 1604, with the surrender of the city. The Hollanders had partly consoled themselves before its fall by capturing Sluys and all the ships in its harbor. 294. A large party in Holland, headed by the Grand Pensionary, Olden Barncveldt, now desired peace, though all were agreed not to treat with Spain except upon a basis of the independence of the United Provinces. A truce of eight months on land was arranged in the spring of 1607, but the Dutch admiral Heemskirk was sent from Amsterdam with a formidable fleet to harass the coasts of Spain and Portugal, and protect Dutch ships returning from the Indies. He gained a great victory in the Bay of Gibraltar and destroyed almost the entire Spanish fleet. Both commanders were slain, but the Dutch fleet was scarcely injured, and was speedily able to intercept the treasure-ships and merchantmen from America. The king of Spain was compelled to beg a truce from the "Beggars of the Sea," but he refused to treat with them except as his subjects, and signed his agreement, "I, the king," without the Great Seal, which was indispensable in all treaties with foreign powers. 295. At length, by the mediation of France and England, a twelve years' truce was signed at Bergen-op-Zoiom, ending forty years' war for A rii 1609 e dependence of the United Provinces. The possession of the Moluccas and the privilege of trade with both Indies was secured to the Dutch. Their home-boundaries were enlarged by the addition of all Dutch Flanders, of several...

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1874 edition. Excerpt: ...protectress. Her successor, James I., held, if possible, a still more obstinate belief in the divine right of h...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:212 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.45 inPublished:October 16, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217431739

ISBN - 13:9780217431736

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