A Medieval Omnibus: Sources in Medieval European History

Paperback | October 15, 2014

byClifford R. Backman

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Deftly written and beautifully illustrated, A Medieval Omnibus presents a distinctive and nuanced portrayal of the Greater West during its medieval millennium. By integrating the histories of the Islamic and Byzantine worlds into the main narrative, author Clifford R. Backman offers aninsightful, detailed, and often witty look at the continuum of interaction - social, cultural, intellectual, and commercial - that existed among all three societies. This compelling volume surpasses traditional textbook representations of the Middle Ages by balancing the conventional focus on political affairs, especially those of northern Europe, with equally detailed attention to medieval society as it developed in the Mediterranean. In addition, Backmandescribes the ways in which the medieval Latin West attempted to understand the unified and rational structure of the human cosmos, which they believed existed beneath the observable diversity and disorder of the world. This effort to recreate a human ordering of "unity through diversity" providesan essential key to understanding medieval Europe and the ways in which it regarded and reacted to the worlds around it.

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Deftly written and beautifully illustrated, A Medieval Omnibus presents a distinctive and nuanced portrayal of the Greater West during its medieval millennium. By integrating the histories of the Islamic and Byzantine worlds into the main narrative, author Clifford R. Backman offers aninsightful, detailed, and often witty look at the c...

Clifford R. Backman is Associate Professor of History at Boston University. He is the author of The Cultures of the West (OUP, 2013) and The Decline and Fall of Medieval Sicily: Politics, Economy, and Religion in the Reign of Frederick III, 1296-1327 (1995).

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:October 15, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199372314

ISBN - 13:9780199372317

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Table of Contents

1. The Roman World at its Height1.1 Virgil, The Aeneid. [Bk. 1, ll. 1-33]1.2 Tacitus, The Histories. [Bk. 1, ch. 1-6; Bk. 5, ch. 2-9]1.3 Josephus, The Jewish War. [Bk. 6, ch. 1, 3-4, 8-10]1.4 Epictetus, The Enchiridion1.5 Marcus Aurelius, Meditations. [Bk. 2, ch. 1, 5, 14, 16-17]1.6 Table: Imperial Crisis in the 3rd Century2. The Rise of Christianity2.1 Table: Chronology of the New Testament2.2 New Testament selections. [Matthew ch. 5-7. 1 Corinthians ch. 15]2.3 Pliny the Younger. [Letter to Trajan]2.4 Minucius Felix, Octavius. [Ch. 30-31]2.5 The Passion of Sts. Perpetua and Felicity2.6 Edicts of Toleration/Milan. [Lactantius, On the Deaths of Our Persecutors, ch. 34 and 48; Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, Bk. 10, ch. 5]2.7 Nicene Creeds2.8 Origen, Against Celsus2.9 Gospel of Thomas2.10 St. Augustine. [Two sermons on the First Epistle of John]3. Early Germanic Society3.1 Jordanes, Getica. [Ch. 176-178, 180-186, 194-198, 207-213, 217-227, 254]3.2 Sidonius Apollinarus, Letters3.3 Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks. [Bk. II, ch. 35-42; Bk. VI, ch. 5]3.4 Ethelbert of Kent, Laws regarding women4. Cloister and Culture4.1 Sulpicius Severus, Life of St. Martin. [Ch. 2-3, 5-8, 10, 15, 26-27]Gregory the Great, The Life of Saint Benedict [ch. 1-2], and Letter [30] to Empress Constantina4.3 St. Benedict, The Benedictine Rule. [Prologue and ch. 4]4.4 Caesarius of Arles, Rule for Nuns. [Ch. 1-5, 7-11, 19, 23-25, 36, 40, 47]5. The Emergence of the Medieval Worlds5.1 Gildas, On the Ruin of Britain5.2 Bede I and II (Bk. 5, ch. 23-24)5.3 Martin of Braga, On the Correction of Peasants5.4 Procopius on Justinian/Heraclius5.5 Islam [Qur'an, Ibn Ishaq]5.6 Tables: Periods of Islamic History5.7 Genealogies of Islam5.8 The Umayyad Caliphs5.9 The Shi'i Imams6. The Carolingian Era6.1 The Donation of Constantine6.2 Einhard, The Life of Charlemagne6.3 Dhuoda, Advice to Her Son William7. The Time of Troubles7.1 Asser, Life of Alfred7.2 Hrotsvitha, Dulcitius7.3 Ibn Fadlan, Risala. [Ch. 80-84, 87-92]7.4 Al-Kindi, On First Philosophy8. Revolutions on Land and Sea8.1 Burchard of Worms, The Corrector8.2 Adso of Montier, The Antichrist Letter8.3 Table: The Abbasid Caliphs9. A New Europe Emerges: North and South9.1 The Song of Roland9.2 The Song of the Cid9.3 Otto of Freising, The Two Cities9.4 Ibn Hawqal, Portrait of the World9.5 Table: Medieval Jewish Chronology10. The Reform Of The Church10.1 Prologue to the Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals10.2 Gregory VII, Letters10.3 Table: Ecumenical Councils of the Latin Church10.4 Usamah ibn Munqidh, Memoirs10.5 Table: Chronology of the Crusades11. The Renaissances of the Twelfth Century11.1 Peter Abelard, Sic et Non11.2 Ibn Rushd, On the Harmony of Religious Law and Philosoph11.3 Al-Ghazali, The Deliverer from Error11.4 Maimonides, Letter to Yemen11.5 Trotula, On the Maladies of Women12. The Papal Monarchy12.1 Lucius III, Ad abolendam12.2 The Inquisition at Work12.3 Gospel According to the Marks of Silver12.4 Innocent III, Decree on Jews12.5 Innocent III, A Christmas Sermon12.6 Caesarius of Heisterbach, Dialogue on Miracles12.7 Hildegard of Bingen, The Book of Divine Works13. Politics in the Thirteenth Century13.1 John of Salisbury, Policraticus13.2 Giano della Bella, Speech in Praise of Republican Government13.3 Ordinances of the Merchants' Guild of Southampton13.4 Ibn Battuta, Travels13.5 Giovanni Piano, History of the Mongols14. Art and Intellect in the Thirteenth Century14.1 St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa contra Gentiles14.2 Roger Bacon, Opus maius14.3 Marie de France, Lanval14.4 Two Fabliaux14.5 The Arabian Nights15. Daily Life at the Medieval Zenith15.1 William Fitz Stephen, "A Description of the Most Noble City of London"15.2 Giovanni Villani, Description of Florence15.3 Benjamin of Tudela15.5 Table: Prominent Rabbis of the Middle Ages16. Changes in Religious Life16.1 Gregory IX, Canonization of St. Francis. [copyrighted?]16.2 Gregory IX, Canonization of St. Dominic. [copyrighted?]16.3 Mechthild on Magdeburg, The Flowing Light of Divinity17. The Crises of the Fourteenth Century17.1 St. Catherine of Siena, Letters17.2 Boccaccio, "The Great Plague"17.3 The Battle of Poitiers: Two Versions17.4 Jean de Froissart, "On the Flagellants"17.5 Jakob Twinger, The fate of the Jews in Strasbourg17.6 Table: The 100 Years War18. Signs of a New Era18.1 Marsilius of Padua, Defender of the Peace18.2 William of Ockham, Letter to the Friars Minor18.3 Dante, "Hymn to Mary" from The Divine Comedy18.4 Chaucer, Prologue to "The Pardoner's Tale"18.5 Christine de Pizan, The Book of the City of Ladies19. Closings In, Closings Out19.1 Francesco Guicciardini, The History of Florence20. The Renaissance In Medieval Context20.1 Petrarca, Letter to PosterityList of Maps:Map 1.1 Topography of EuropeMap 1.2 The Roman Empire at its greatest expanseMap 2.1 The spread of ChristianityMap 2.2 Early Christian communitiesMap 2.3 Christian Churches Founded Before the Great Persecution of Diocletian (A.D. 304)Map 3.1 Germanic invasionsMap 3.2 Germanic kingdomsMap 3.3 The Conversion of the Germans to ChristianityMap 4.1 Monasteries in Western Europe, ca. 800 CEMap 5.1 The Byzantine Empire in the Time of JustinianMap 5.2 The Islamic EmpireMap 6.1 Carolingian EmpireMap 7.1 Carolingian partitionMap 7.2 The Viking, Magyar, and Muslim invasions, ninth-tenth centuriesMap 8.1 The Cities and Trade Relations of the WestMap 9.1 The Ottonian Empire, ca. 960Map 9.2 Capetian France, ca. 1100Map 9.3 Medieval kingdomsMap 9.4 England and Normandy, ca. 1100Map 9.5 Muslim and Christian Spain, ca. 11Map 10.1 The crusadesMap 10.2 ClunyMap 11.1 Medieval universitiesMap 12.1 The archbishoprics of Latin Europe, under Innocent IIIMap 13.1 Europe ca. 1200Map 13.2 The Crown of Aragon under Peter the GreatMap 13.3 Trade/hajj routesMap 15.1 First trade routesMap 17.1 Spread of the Black DeathMap 17.2 England and France at the beginning of the Hundred Years War, with inset of England and France at the end of the warMap 19.1 Mongol StatesMap 19.2 Mamluks and OttomansMap 19.3 Europe ca. 1400