A New Dictionary of Eponyms

Paperback | May 1, 1997

byMorton S. Freeman

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Do you approve of censoring the works of great writers? Some might contend that to bowdlerize a great writer's work would be to diminish its overall quality. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over every Shakespeare play, would argue that all modest people should be able to reada great work without blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized as the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. And because of his efforts the term bowdlerize has become eponymous with his name. Alternatively, the word bikini--defined as a two-piece bathingsuit for women--has been a linguistic mystery since 1947 when these suits were first seen on the beaches of the French Riviera, a year after the United States began testing atom bombs on the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. Some shocked people said that the impact of the scanty swimsuit on malebeach loungers was like the devastating effect of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! A simpler and more credible notion is that the daring swimsuits resembled the attire worn by women on the Bikini atoll. Created about a century ago, the term eponym is itself a coinage from two Greek words, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." But its broadened meaning, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a word derived from a proper name. For instance, Salisbury steak--a popular diner menu item createdfrom common hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it more appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English physician who promoted a diet of ground beef. A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of hundreds of these everyday words from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an entertaining and anecdotal style, and with a foreword by Edwin Newman, the book includes a brief biography of the individual whose name became associated with an item orconcept as well as information on how and when the name entered the language. If you've ever wondered just where terms like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robot come from, Morton Freeman does more than simply define them--he brings them to life.

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From Our Editors

The term eponym was created about a century ago. The word was coined from two Greek words, epi, 'on' or 'upon, ' and onama, 'a name.' But its broadened meaning, as dictionaries set it out, refers to the person for whom something is named. This dictionary includes a brief biography of the individual whose name became associated with an ...

From the Publisher

Do you approve of censoring the works of great writers? Some might contend that to bowdlerize a great writer's work would be to diminish its overall quality. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over every Shakespeare play, would argue that all modest people should be able to reada great work without blushing. For attacking...

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The term eponym was created about a century ago. The word was coined from two Greek words, epi, 'on' or 'upon, ' and onama, 'a name.' But its broadened meaning, as dictionaries set it out, refers to the person for whom something is named. This dictionary includes a brief biography of the individual whose name became associated with an ...

Morton S. Freeman, a retired lawyer and formerly Director of Publications, American Law Institute-American Bar Association, is the author of many books, including The Grammatical Lawyer, which was named book of the year by the American Society of Legal Writers, and The Word Watcher's Guide To Good Writing and Grammar. His column, "Wor...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 7.99 × 5.31 × 0.59 inPublished:May 1, 1997Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195093542

ISBN - 13:9780195093544

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From Our Editors

The term eponym was created about a century ago. The word was coined from two Greek words, epi, 'on' or 'upon, ' and onama, 'a name.' But its broadened meaning, as dictionaries set it out, refers to the person for whom something is named. This dictionary includes a brief biography of the individual whose name became associated with an item or concept as well as information on how and when the name entered the language.