The two volumes, the award-winning A Punjabi Village in Pakistan and The Economic Life of a Punjabi Village are based on extensive fieldwork in Pakistan and contain relevant insights into Pakistani society, particularly women, still pertinent today, as well as a more holistic and humanisticview of village life. Eglar's study is useful for precisely what she focused on-the patterns of ritual service and gift exchange which underlay every facet of life in the village.Together the two books present an in-depth outsider-insider perspective into the social and economic patterns of a village in Pakistan prior to the Green Revolution of 1958 which heralded the beginnings of change in village agriculture and land ownership. Of particular advantage to the research was the fact that Eglar's sources of information were not limited to one or the other gender. As a guest of the Chowdhry family she could initially stay in the baithak (guest house), traditionally an all-male preserve situated close to the main house wherevillagers would gather over a smoke and chat after their day's work. In addition, as a woman, she could freely enter the women's domain and participate in and observe their daily activities.In her work, Eglar found unwritten social contracts and relationships known as vartan bhanji that bound the community at different levels. The well-established networking patterns of vartan bhanji cemented relationships within the family. These patterns then extended beyond the family to the widervillage community and further, to other villages in the area. The unwritten code also sustained professional relationships between the landowning zamindars, the tenant farmers and the kammis (literally, 'those who work', people in service professions). Vartan bhanji in the male domain revolvedaround farming and its associated trades, with various reciprocal exchanges moving the economy along, rather than cash payments. However, women played a central role. It is this dual aspect that Eglar details in the sequel.Eglar's Mohla studies together make an important contribution to the understanding of women's role in this predominantly Muslim, agrarian society. A Punjabi Village records women as being central to the interdependent process. Women continued the traditions of vartan bhanji that bound the socialfabric of the village together, with the vartan bhanji primarily taking place through the daughter of the house. In the community-managed pattern of resolving disputes, they were also in a key position as married daughters or 'daughters of the village' who linked two households or villages and couldmediate in quarrels. These findings countered the prevailing wisdom about women's roles particularly in such a rural, predominantly Muslim setting. The Economic Life of a Punjabi Village takes this observation further: Women were central not just to the social relationships of the village culturebut also to the village economy and to the economic well-being of their families. Although many things have now changed, women today still retain their positions as managers of the house and family and social relationships in the village and beyond. It is they who determine what staples are needed-like salt or maize-and when. Some take care of these purchases themselves, goinginto town if needed. This role remains an active rather than a passive one, and counters the stereotype of Muslim women as submissive or irrelevant as decision makers.An especially interesting aspect of the studies is that Eglar uses human stories to illustrate larger patterns and issues. These volumes will be of value to anthropologists, sociologists, and all readers with a special interest in Pakistan.