A Repair Kit for Grading: Fifteen Fixes For Broken Grades With Dvd

Paperback | November 19, 2010

byKen O'connor

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Communicating about student achievement requires accurate, consistent and meaningful grades.

 

Educators interested in examining and improving grading practices should ask the following questions:

 

• Am I confident that students in my classroom receive consistent, accurate and meaningful grades that support learning? 

• Am I confident that the grades I assign students accurately reflect my school or district’s published performance standards and desired learning outcomes?

 

In many schools, the answers to these questions often range from "not very" to "not at all." When that’s the case, grades are "broken" and teachers and schools need a "repair kit" to fix them. A Repair Kit for Grading: 15 Fixes for Broken Grades, 2/e  gives teachers and administrators 15 ways to make the necessary repairs.




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From the Publisher

Communicating about student achievement requires accurate, consistent and meaningful grades.   Educators interested in examining and improving grading practices should ask the following questions:   • Am I confident that students in my classroom receive consistent, accurate and meaningful grades that support learning?  • Am ...

From the Jacket

Ken O'Connor A Repair Kit for Grading: Fifteen Fixes for Broken Grades, 2/e     Communicating about student achievement requires accurate, consistent and meaningful grades.   Educators interested in examining and improving grading practices should ask the following questions:   • Am I confident that students in my clas...

Ken O’Connor is a former Curriculum Coordinator with the Scarborough Board of Education in Ontario, Canada. He is an expert on grading and reporting with a particular emphasis on using these techniques to improve student achievement through student involvement. With over twenty years of teaching experience in secondary schools in Austr...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:176 pages, 9 × 5.9 × 0.6 inPublished:November 19, 2010Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0132488639

ISBN - 13:9780132488631

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

       

Table of Contents

 

            Preface

     

            Chapter 1   Setting the Stage

Key Definitions

                Purpose(s) for Grades

Underpinning Issues

                Fairness

          Motivation

          Objectivity and Professional Judgment

Student Involvement

                The 15 Fixes

                  

Chapter 2   Fixes for Practices That Distort Achievement

Fix 1  Don’t include student behaviors (effort, participation, adherence to class rules, etc.) in grades; include only achievement.

          Student Involvement

          Summary

Fix 2  Don’t reduce marks on “work” submitted late; provide support for the learner.

          Student Involvement

          Summary

Fix 3  Don’t give points for extra credit or use bonus points; seek only evidence that more work has resulted in a higher level of achievement.

          Student Involvement

          Summary

Fix 4  Don’t punish academic dishonesty with reduced grades; apply other consequences and reassess to determine actual level of achievement.

          Student Involvement

          Summary

Fix 5  Don’t consider attendance in grade determination; report absences separately.

          Summary

Fix 6  Don’t include group scores in grades; use only individual achievement evidence.

          Summary

 

Chapter 3   Fixes for Low-Quality or Poorly Organized Evidence

Fix 7  Don’t organize information in grading records by assessment methods or simply summarize into a single grade; organize and report evidence by standards/learning goals.

          Summary

Fix 8  Don’t assign grades using inappropriate or unclear performance standards; provide clear descriptions of achievement expectations.

          Student Involvement

          Summary

Fix 9  Don’t assign grades based on a student’s achievement compared to other students; compare each student’s performance to preset standards.

          Summary

Fix 10         Don’t rely on evidence gathered using assessments that fail to meet standards of quality; rely only on quality assessments.

          Summary

 

            Chapter 4   Fixes for Inappropriate Grade Calculation

Fix 11         Don’t rely only on the mean; consider other measures of central tendency and use professional judgment.

          Summary

Fix 12         Don’t include zeros in grade determination when evidence is missing or as punishment; use alternatives, such as reassessing to determine real achievement, or use “I” for Incomplete or Insufficient Evidence.

          Student Involvement

          Summary

 

            Chapter 5   Fixes to Support Learning

Fix 13         Don’t use information from formative assessments and practice to determine grades; use only summative evidence.

          Student Involvement

          Summary

Fix 14         Don’t summarize evidence accumulated over time when learning is developmental and will grow with time and repeated opportunities; in those instances, emphasize more recent achievement.

          Summary

Fix 15         Don’t leave students out of the grading process. Involve students; they can—and should—play key roles in assessment and grading that promote achievement.

          Summary

                 

            Chapter 6   Summary

 

            Appendix: Discussion Guide

 

            References