A Textbook In The History Of Modern Elementary Education (volume 20); With Emphasis On School…

Paperback | January 10, 2012

bySamuel Chester Parker

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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1912. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XIX CONCLUSION; PRESENT TENDENCIES Summary of development from 1300 to 1900. The religious basis of elementary education. -- In the preceding chapters we traced the development of elementary education from the Middle Ages to the present time. We noted that the first important elementary vernacular schools to develop in Western Europe among the Germanic peoples were those established in the commercial cities toward the close of the Middle Ages. At that time there were practically no such schools in the villages and rural districts. The Protestant Reformation established a theoretical basis for universal vernacular education, namely, the necessity of reading the Bible for religious salvation; but it was only in the exceptionally favored cases, such as Puritan Massachusetts and a few of the smaller German states, that effective elementary schools were early developed on this basis. In general, vernacular schools were mere makeshifts down to the beginning of the nineteenth century, usually teaching children only the catechism and the bare elements of reading and writing. Secular tendencies culminating in Rousseau's " Emile." -- During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries secular interests developed and gradually overthrew the ecclesiastical control which had dominated life and education for so many centuries. The most important educational expression of these tendencies was Rousseau's " Emile," published in 1762. The "Emile " served as a spark to start an educational revolution which soon developed an entirely secular basis for elementary education. The elementary schools were first secularized on a large scale in Prussia. In England the struggle for complete secularization is still going on. In the United States most of the states had developed secular-...

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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1912. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XIX CONCLUSION; PRESENT TENDENCIES Summary of development from 1300 to 1900. The religious basis of elementary education. -- ...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:166 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.35 inPublished:January 10, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217907946

ISBN - 13:9780217907941

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