A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies by Leonard NelsonA Theory of Philosophical Fallacies by Leonard Nelson

A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies

byLeonard NelsonEditorFernando Leal, David Carus

Hardcover | August 19, 2015

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Presented as a Vorlesung in the German philosophical tradition, this book presents the most detailed account of Nelson's method of argument analysis, celebrated by many luminaries such as Karl Popper. It was written in 1921 in opposition to the relativistic, subjectivistic and nihilistic tendencies of Nelson's time. The book contains an exposition of a method that is a further development of Kant's transcendental dialectics, followed by an application to the critical analysis of arguments by many famous thinkers, including Bentham, Mill, Poincaré, Leibniz, Hegel, Einstein, Bergson, Rickert, Simmel, Brentano, Stammler, Jellinek, Dingler, and Meinong. The book presents a general theory of philosophical argumentation as seen from the viewpoint of the typical fallacies committed by anybody arguing philosophically, whether professional philosophers or philosophical laypeople. Although the nature of philosophy and philosophical argumentation is one of the most recurrent objects of reflection for philosophers, this book represents the first attempt at a general theory of philosophical fallacy. According to Nelson, it is in the shape of false dilemmas that errors in reasoning always emerge, and false dilemmas are always the result of the same mechanism--the unwitting replacement of one concept for another.

Title:A Theory of Philosophical FallaciesFormat:HardcoverDimensions:211 pagesPublished:August 19, 2015Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319207822

ISBN - 13:9783319207827

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Table of Contents

Introduction.- The dialectical illusion in philosophy.- On coherence and truth as properties of a philosophical system.- The logistic prejudice in the philosophy of the Schoolmen and in rationalism.- Kant overcomes the rationalistic prejudice: the distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments.- The distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments further explored.- Significance and fruitfulness of the analytic-synthetic distinction.- Synthetic a priori judgments in geometry: the disjunction between logic and experience is incomplete.- Geometric logicism.- Geometric empiricism.

Editorial Reviews

"The volume under review is an English translation of that edition by Fernando Leal and David Carus with an introduction and annotations by Leal. . The book should hold significant interest for argumentation theorists for several distinct reasons. . this book makes a salutary contribution to several enduring debates in the analysis of argument. Its translation into English is to be welcomed." (Andrew Aberdein, Argumentation, Vol. 31, 2017)