Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Paperback | October 15, 2011

bySean D. Ehrlich

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Access Points develops a new theory about how democratic institutions influence policy outcomes. Access Point Theory argues that the more points of access that institutions provide to interest groups, the cheaper lobbying will be, and, thus, the more lobbying will occur. This will lead to morecomplex policy, as policymakers insert specific provisions to benefit special interests, and, if one side of the debate has a lobbying advantage, to more biased policy, as the advantaged side is able to better take advantage of the cheaper lobbying. This book then uses Access Point Theory to explain why some countries have more protectionist and more complex trade policies than other; why some countries have stronger environmental and banking regulations than others; and why some countries have more complicated tax codes than others. In policyarea after policy area, this book finds that more access points lead to more biased and more complex policy. Access Points provides scholars a powerful tool to explain how political institutions matter and why countries implement the policies they do.

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Access Points develops a new theory about how democratic institutions influence policy outcomes. Access Point Theory argues that the more points of access that institutions provide to interest groups, the cheaper lobbying will be, and, thus, the more lobbying will occur. This will lead to morecomplex policy, as policymakers insert spec...

Sean D. Ehrlich is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Florida State University. His research focuses on international and comparative political economy, particularly how the preferences of the public and of policymakers interact to determine economic policymaking.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:208 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:October 15, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199737541

ISBN - 13:9780199737543

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Table of Contents

PrefacePart I: Access Point Theory1. Political Institutions, Policy Bias, and Policy Complexity2. What are Access Points and What are their Effects?Appendix to Chapter 2. Measuring Access PointsPart II: Policy Bias3. Access Points and Bias in Trade Policy4. How Much Environmental Regulation Will a Country Have?5. Regulating Banks: Capital-Friendly or Consumer-Friendly Rules?Part III: Policy Complexity6. Complexity and the Tariff Schedule7. Access Points and Tax Code Complexity8. ConclusionReferencesNotesIndex