Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Hardcover | March 1, 2001

EditorAlain De Janvry, Gustavo Gordillo, Elisabeth Sadoulet

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Land is a fundamental productive asset in agrarian economies. The rules that codify access to land and the way jurisdiction over land is distributed among members of a community have a powerful influence over how efficiently land is used, the incidence of poverty, and the level of inequalityin the community. Yet we observe that much of the land in less developed countries is underutilized and/or misused from a sustainability standpoint, that lack of access to land or unfavorable terms of access remain a fundamental cause of poverty, and that unmet demands for land can be a source ofpolitical destabilization. At the same time, there presently exist unusual opportunities to reopen the issue of access to land. They include an increasing concern with the efficiency costs of inequality in land distribution, devolution of common property resource management to users, large scaleredefinitions of property rights in the context of transition economies in Eastern and central Europe and the end of white rule in South Africa, liberalization of land markets, mounting pressure to deal with environmental issues, the proliferation of civil society organizations voicing the demandsof the rural poor, and more democratic and decentralized forms of governance. There are many channels of access to land and each of these affects how land is used. While much attention has traditionally been given to state-led redistributive land reforms, this is only one among a variety of options, and currently not the easiest to manage politically. Other channels includeinheritance and inter-vivos transfers, intra-household and intra-community land allocations, community titling of open access resources, the distribution of common property resources and the individualization of rights, decollectivization, land markets and land market-assisted land reforms, and landrental contracts. This book analyzes each of these channels of access to land, and recommends ways of making them more effective for poverty reduction.

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Land is a fundamental productive asset in agrarian economies. The rules that codify access to land and the way jurisdiction over land is distributed among members of a community have a powerful influence over how efficiently land is used, the incidence of poverty, and the level of inequalityin the community. Yet we observe that much of...

Alain de Janvry is Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the University of California, Berkeley. Elisabeth Sadoulet is Professor of Economics in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the University of California, Berkeley. Jean-Philippe Platteau is Professor of Economics in the Depart...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:666 pages, 9.06 × 6.14 × 1.14 inPublished:March 1, 2001Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199242178

ISBN - 13:9780199242177

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Table of Contents

1. Alain de Janvry, Jean-Philippe Platteau, Gustavo Gordillo, and Elisabeth Sadoulet: Access to land and Land Policy Reforms2. Jean-Philippe Platteau and Jean-Marie Baland: Impartible Inheritance Versus Equal Division: A Comparative Perspective Centered on Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa3. Marcel Fafchamps: Intrahousehold Access to Land and Source of Inefficiency: Theory and Concepts4. Keijiro Otsuka and Agnes R. Quisumbing: Land Rights and Natural Resource Management in the Transition to Individual Ownership: case Studies from Ghana and Indonesia5. Elinor Ostrom: The Puzzle of Counterproductive Property Rights Reform: A Conceptual Analysis6. W. S. Gombya-Ssembajjwe, A. Y. Banana, and J. Bahati: Case Study. Property Rights: Access to Land and Forest Resources in Uganda7. J. E. Michael Arnold: Devolution of Control of Common-Pool Resources to Local Communities: Experiences in Forestry8. Elisabeth Sadoulet, Rinku Murgai, and Alain de Janvry: Access to Land via Land Rental Markets9. Uday Shankar Saha and Mandira Saha: Case Study. Regulating the Sharecropping System: Operation Barga10. Michael R. Carter and Ramon Salgado: Land market Liberalization and the Agrarian Question in Latin America11. Alain de Janvry, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and Wendy Wolford: The Changing Role of the State in Latin American Land Reforms12. Wendy Wolford: Case Study. Grassroots-Initiated Land reform in Brazil: The Rural Landless Workers' Movement13. Klaus Deininger: Negotiated Land Reform as One Way of Land Access: Experiences from Colombia, Brazil, and South Africa14. Johan F. M. Swinnen: Transition form Collective Farms to Individual Tenures in Central and Eastern Europe15. Azeta Cungu and Johan F. M. Swinnen: Case Study. The Dramatic Rise of Individual Farming in Albania: Causes and Effects16. Tomas Doucha, Erik Mathijs, and Johan F. M. Swinnen: Case Study. Post-Communist Land Reform and Changes in Tenure in the Czech Republic17. Klaus Deininger and Hans Binswanger: The Evolution of the World Ban's Land Policy