Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights

Hardcover | April 8, 2011

byCynthia Ho

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Access to medicine is an important topic for all citizens of the world. While most people know that patents can increase the cost of medicine, important nuances of international laws that require nations to provide patents are frequently unknown or misunderstood. In Access to Medicine in theGlobal Economy, Professor Cynthia Ho introduces this issue to a diverse group of readers, including scholars, students and policy makers. While the focus of the book is the international arena, the book begins by explaining how drugs are developed and marketed to provide relevant context. It explains and interprets important international agreements, beginning with the landmark Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of IntellectualProperty (TRIPS), but also including more recent free trade agreements and the pending Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). Controversial topics are included, such as when a nation can provide a compulsory license, as well as whether a nation may suspend in-transit generic goods. The bookalso discusses how patent-like rights (such as "data exclusivity") provide an independent barrier to the entry of lower-cost generic medicines in the marketplace, together with strategies for minimizing harm of such rights. The topics are made accessible through clear explanations and diagrams,frequently asked questions, and case studies. The case studies also provide a theory of patent perspectives that may shed light on why access to medicine is an agreed upon goal with a thus far elusive solution.

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Access to medicine is an important topic for all citizens of the world. While most people know that patents can increase the cost of medicine, important nuances of international laws that require nations to provide patents are frequently unknown or misunderstood. In Access to Medicine in theGlobal Economy, Professor Cynthia Ho introduc...

Cynthia Ho is Research Professor of Law at Loyola University, Chicago School of Law.

other books by Cynthia Ho

Format:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:April 8, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195390121

ISBN - 13:9780195390124

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Table of Contents

I. Background1. From Conception to Commercial Success2. A Limitation on the Patent Right to Exclude "Parallel Imports": An Introduction to International ExhaustionII. The Current Framework3. An Introduction to TRIPS4. Freedom Under TRIPS: India as an Example5. Compulsory Licensing Under TRIPS: An Introduction6. Compulsory License Case Study: An Introduction to Competing Patent Perspectives7. Complicated Compulsory Licenses: The Waiver/Article 31bis "Solution"III. The Evolving Framework8. An Overview of "TRIPS-Plus" Standards9. Beyond Patents: Protecting Drugs Through Regulatory Laws10. Suspensions of In Transit Generic Drugs: A Case Study of Competing Perspectives11. A Historical View of Access to Medicine Through the Lens of Patent Perspectives12. Looking Towards the Future