Adam Smith (1723-1790) by James Anson Farrer

Adam Smith (1723-1790)

byJames Anson Farrer

Paperback | February 1, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1881. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XIV. REVIEW OF THE PRINCIPAL CRITICISMS OP ADAM SMITH'S THEORY. The result of the preceding chapter, in which the relation of Adam Smith's theory to other ethical theories has been defined, is that it is a theory in which all that is true in the "selfish" system of Hobbes or Mandeville, in the "benevolent" system of Hutcheson, or in the "utilitarian" system of Hume, is adopted and made use of, to form a system quite distinct from any one of them. It seeks to bridge over their differences, by avoiding the one-sidedness of their several principles, and taking a wider view of the facts of humar nature. It is therefore, properly speaking, an Eclectic theory, if by eclecticism be understood, not a mere commixture of different systems, but a discriminate selection of the elements of truth to be found in them severally. The ethical writers who most influenced Adam Smith were undoubtedly Hume and Hutcheson, in the way of agreement and difference that has been already indicated. Dugald Stewart has also drawn attention to his obligations to Butler.' It would be interesting to know whether he ever read Hartley's Observations on Man, a work which, published in 1749--that is, some ten years before his own--would have materially assisted his argument. For Adam Smith's account of the growth of conscience--of a sense of duty, is in reality 1 Active and Moral Powers, vol. L, p. 412. HARTLEY. 173 closely connected with the theory which explains its origin by the working of the laws of association. From our experience of the constant association between the acts of others and pleasurable or painful feelings of our own, according as we sympathize or not with them, comes the desire of ourselves causing in others similar pleasurable, and avoiding similar painful, emoti...

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Title:Adam Smith (1723-1790)Format:PaperbackDimensions:64 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.13 inPublished:February 1, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217909590

ISBN - 13:9780217909594

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