Adpositions by Claude Hagege

Adpositions

byClaude Hagege

Hardcover | May 1, 2010

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This pioneering study is based on an analysis of over 200 languages, including African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Dravidian, Uralic), Papuan, and Sino-Tibetan. Adpositions are an almost universal part of speech.English has prepositions; some languages, such as Japanese, have postpositions; others have both; and yet others kinds that are not quite either. As grammatical tools they mark the relationship between two parts of a sentence: characteristically one element governs a noun or noun-like word or phrasewhile the other functions as a predicate. From the syntactic point of view, the complement of an adposition depends on a head: in this last sentence, for example, a head is the complement of on while on a head depends on depends and on is the marker of this dependency. Adpositions lie at the core ofthe grammar of most languages, their usefulness making them recurrent in everyday speech and writing. Claude Hagege examines their morphological features, syntactic functions, and semantic and cognitive properties. He does so for the subsets both of adpositions that express the relations of agent,patient, and beneficiary, and of those which mark space, time, accompaniment, or instrument. Adpositions often govern case and are sometimes gradually grammaticalized into case. The author considers the whole set of function markers, including case, that appear as adpositions and, in doing so,throws light on processes of morphological and syntactic change in different languages and language families. His book will be welcomed by typologists and by syntacticians and morphologists of all theoretical stripes.

About The Author

Claude Hagege has been Professor of Linguistic Theory at the College de France since 1988 where his research has focussed on language and its relation to culture. His book L'homme de paroles (Fayard 1985, new edn 1996) won the Prix de l'Academie Francaise and was translated into English in 1990 under the title The Dialogic Species (Co...

Details & Specs

Title:AdpositionsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:352 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:May 1, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199575002

ISBN - 13:9780199575008

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Towards a Comprehensive Characterization of Adpositions3. A Crosslinguistic Survey of the Morphological Diversity of Adpositions and Adpositional Phrases4. Adpositions and Adpositional Phrases in a Syntactic Perspective5. Adpositions From the Semantic Point of ViewReferencesSubject IndexLanguage Index