Advaita has been extensively studied by various schools of philosophy in classical India. In contemporary times, however, it has only been compared to the philosophies of Immanuel Kant and F.H. Bradley. This book offers a comprehensive critique of Advaita, which is very contemporary in itsoutlook, analysis, and technique. It raises several new and fundamental questions while answering old and classical questions from a contemporary perspective. Srinivasa Rao supplements the classical Indian analysis with many special concepts and techniques extensively used in contemporary Westernlogic and analytic philosophy. The book discusses whether what classical Advaita had maintained centuries ago can still be maintained, and if at all it is possible, in exactly which way. This book will be of considerable interest to scholars, teachers, and students of Indian philosophy.