Advanced Physics Of Electron Transport In Semiconductors And Nanostructures: Electronic Properties and Transport by Massimo V. FischettiAdvanced Physics Of Electron Transport In Semiconductors And Nanostructures: Electronic Properties and Transport by Massimo V. Fischetti

Advanced Physics Of Electron Transport In Semiconductors And Nanostructures: Electronic Properties…

byMassimo V. Fischetti, William G. Vandenberghe

Hardcover | May 27, 2016

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This textbook is aimed at second-year graduate students in Physics, Electrical Engineer­ing, or Materials Science. It presents a rigorous introduction to electronic transport in solids, especially at the nanometer scale.
Understanding electronic transport in solids requires some basic knowledge of Ham­iltonian Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Condensed Matter Theory, and Statistical Mechanics. Hence, this book discusses those sub-topics which are required to deal with electronic transport in a single, self-contained course. This will be useful for students who intend to work in academia or the nano/ micro-electronics industry.
Further topics covered include: the theory of energy bands in crystals, of second quan­tization and elementary excitations in solids, of the dielectric properties of semicon­ductors with an emphasis on dielectric screening and coupled interfacial modes, of electron scattering with phonons, plasmons, electrons and photons, of the derivation of transport equations in semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures somewhat at the quantum level, but mainly at the semi-classical level. The text presents examples relevant to current research, thus not only about Si, but also about III-V compound semiconductors, nanowires, graphene and graphene nanoribbons. In particular, the text gives major emphasis to plane-wave methods applied to the electronic structure of solids, both DFT and empirical pseudopotentials, always paying attention to their effects on electronic transport and its numerical treatment. The core of the text is electronic transport, with ample discussions of the transport equations derived both in the quantum picture (the Liouville-von Neumann equation) and semi-classically (the Boltzmann transport equation, BTE). An advanced chapter, Chapter 18, is strictly related to the 'tricky' transition from the time-reversible Liouville-von Neumann equation to the time-irreversible Green's functions, to the density-matrix formalism and, classically, to the Boltzmann transport equation. Finally, several methods for solving the BTE are also reviewed, including the method of moments, iterative methods, direct matrix inversion, Cellular Automata and Monte Carlo. Four appendices complete the text.
Massimo V. Fischetti is a professor at the University of Texas at Dallas and a distinguished chair at Texas Instruments in Nanoelectronics. William Vandenberghe is also at the University of Texas at Dallas.
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Title:Advanced Physics Of Electron Transport In Semiconductors And Nanostructures: Electronic Properties…Format:HardcoverDimensions:474 pagesPublished:May 27, 2016Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319011006

ISBN - 13:9783319011004

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Table of Contents

Part I A Brief Review of Classical and Quantum Mechanics

  • Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of Classical Mechanics
  • Superposition principle and Hilbert spaces
  • Canonical Quantization
  • Review of time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory
  • The Periodic Table, molecules and bonds in a nutshell

Part II Crystals and Electronic Properties of Solids

  • Crystals: Lattices, structure, symmetry, reciprocal lattice
  • The electronic structure of crystals
  • Single-electron dynamics: Acceleration theorems, Landau levels, Stark-ladder quantization

Part III Second Quantization and Elementary Excitations in Solids

  • Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of classical fields
  • Canonical Quantization of fields ('Second Quantization')
  • An example: Quantization of the Schrödinger Field
  • Elements of Quantum Statistical Mechanics and the Spin-Statistics Theorem
  • Quantization of the charge density: Plasmons
  • Quantization of the vibrational properties of solids: Phonons
  • Quantization of the Electromagnetic Fields: Photons
  • Dielectric properties of semiconductors

Part IV Electron Scattering in Solids

  • Generalities about scattering in semiconductors
  • Electron-phonon Interactions
  • Scattering with Ionized Impurities: Brooks-Herring and Conwell-Weisskopf models, Ridley's statistical screening, Friedel sum rule and partial-waves
  • Coulomb interactions among free carriers, impact-ionization, Auger recombination
  • Interfacial and line-edge roughness with examples: Si/SiO2, heterostructures, graphene  nanoribbons
  • Interfacial excitations with examples: III-Vs plasmon/phonon coupled modes, suspended grapheme
  • Radiative Processes: The dipole approximation, absorption spectrum for III-Vs

Part V Electronic Transport

  • The Density Matrix and the Liouville-von Neumann equation
  • Overview of quantum-transport formalisms
  • From Liouville-von Neumann to Boltzmann: The semiclassical limit.