Advances in Aerobiology: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Aerobiology, August 6-9, 1986, Basel, Switzerland by R.M. LeuschnerAdvances in Aerobiology: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Aerobiology, August 6-9, 1986, Basel, Switzerland by R.M. Leuschner

Advances in Aerobiology: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Aerobiology, August 6-9…

byR.M. Leuschner, Boehm

Paperback | November 17, 2012

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R Using ACAREX test, it is straightforward to determine the a11ergen­ containing excreta of housedust mites in dust samples and to detect the sources of a contamination. Investigation of the antigen content by RAST inhibition shows that there is a correlation between guanine and allergen content in a dust sample. There is no direct relation with the number of live (or dead) housedust mites, nor is this to be expected. References 1) Berrens (1975) Naturwissenschaften 62, 29-33. 2) Bronswijk,van, Sinha (1971) J. Allergy 47, 31-52. 3) Bessot, Pauli (1986) Bull. Eur. Phys. Resp. 22, 1-8. 4) Tovey,Chapman,Wells,Platts-Mills (1981) Am. Rev. Resp. Dis. <_2c_630-635. _529_="" bischoff="" _28_198629_="" a11ergo1.="" fortbi1dung="" bd.="" _12c_="" in="" press.="" _629_="" _tovey2c_="" _chapman2c_="" platts-mills="" _28_198129_="" nature="" _2892c_="" 592-593.="" _729_="" _28_198029_="" clin.="" attergy="" _102c_="" 466-467.="" _829_="" _heymann2c_="" _sutherland2c_="" _28_198529_="" tnt.="" archs="" allergy="" appl.="" immun.="" _772c_="" 166-168.="" _929_="" _28_1986t="" swiss="" med="" _82c_="" 39-44.="" _1029_="" _bischoff2c_="" _bronswijk2c_="" van="" allergologie="" _92c_="" 375-378.="" _1129_="" _28_197329_="" j.="" med.="" ent.="" 63-70.-="" _1229_=""><_446-4492c_and _28_198529_allergol.82c_36-38.="" _1329_="" _bischoff2c_="" _schirmacher2c_="" schober="" _28_198529_="" allergol.="" _82c_="" 97-99.="" -="" _1429_="" _fischer2c_="" wetter="" _28_198629_="" _92c_="" 171-176.="" _1529_="" _liebenberg2c_="" allergot.="" 287-292.="" _1629_="" _krause-michel2c_="" nolte=""><_van2c_20_exp.20_and20_appl.20_acarology2c_20_in20_press. exp.="" and="" appl.="" _acarology2c_="" in="">
Title:Advances in Aerobiology: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Aerobiology, August 6-9…Format:PaperbackDimensions:437 pages, 24.4 × 17 × 0.01 inPublished:November 17, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

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ISBN - 10:3034874936

ISBN - 13:9783034874939

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Table of Contents

I Introduction.- Aerobiology - its past and its future.- Philipp Herries Gregory, FRS, DSc (1907-1986).- II Airborne pollen and biometeorology.- 1. Lectures of general importance.- Environmental influences on deposition of airborne particles.- Influence of inversion layers on the daily pollen count and on the allergic attacks of patients in Basel (Switzerland).- Influences of pollution and weather on obstructive respiratory tract diseases of children in Berlin (West).- Comparison of recent and quarternary pollen data.- Biometeorology and its relation to pollen count.- Correlation between aerobiological and phytogeographical investigations in the Florence area (Italy).- 2. Airborne pollen in different countries.- Air sampling studies in a tropical area. Four year results.- A study of airborne pollen grains of Alexandria (Egypt).- Air borne pollen types of allergenic significance in India.- Survey of atmospheric pollens in various provinces of Thailand.- III Allergology and airborne particles.- 1. Lectures of general importance: diagnosis and therapy.- Inhalative allergens.- Relationship of airborne pollen and spores to symptoms on the skin and mucous membranes of patients in the high altitude climate in Davos (Switzerland).- Experiences with the «Individual Pollen Collector» developed by G. Boehm.- Airborne pollens and symptoms in allergic patients undergoing immunotherapy.- 2. Special allergens: Pollen.- Monitoring of atmospheric conditions and forecast of Olive pollen season (Bari, Italy).- Pollen yield of two cvs. of Olea europaea L. («Manzanillo» and «Swan hill») (Tucson, Arizona).- Annual and daily variation of pollen from Olea europea L. in the atmosphere of Cordoba (Spain) along two year of sampling.- Chestnut pollen counts related to patients pollinosis in Paris.- Pollen counts of ragweed and mugwort (Cour Collector) in 1984 measured at 12 meteorological centers in the Rhone Bassin and surrounding regions (France).- Allergic reactivity to Parthenium hysterophorus pollen: An unrecognized type I allergen.- 3. Different aeroallergens.- Aeroallergens in New York inner-city apartments of asthmatics.- 4. Special allergens: Fungus spores.- Indoor mold spore exposure: Characteristics of 127 homes in southern California with endogenous mold problems.- Intrinsic variability in airborne fungi: Implications for allergen standardization.- Clinical cross-reactions between various moulds with special reference to Fusarium.- Clinical significance of airborne Alternaria tenuis-spores: Seasonal symptoms positive skin and bronchial challenge tests with Alternaria in subjects with asthma and rhinitis.- Occurrence of Alternaria Nees ex Fr. in indoor and outdoor habitats in Cordoba (Spain).- Concentrations of airborne Botrytis conidia, and frequency of allergic sensitization to Botrytis extract.- 5. Special allergens: Algae.- Microalgae as aeroplankton and allergens.- 6. Special allergens: Insects and mites.- Sensitizations against Tribolium confusum Du Val in patients with occupational and nonoccupational exposure.- Gibbium psylloides («mite beetle») as an inhalative allergen.- Investigations of allergen-containing dust samples from the interior of the house.- House dust mite in different altitudes of Orisons (Switzerland.- Guanine dosage in house dust samples and quantification of mite allergens.- IV Air, our environment.- 1. Lectures of general importance.- The quantitative significance of asbestos fibres in the ambient air.- The indoor asbestos problem: Facts and questions.- Effects of short-term exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide concentrations on human bronchial reactivity and lung function.- Mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of airborne particulate matter from polluted areas on human and rodent tissue cultures.- Modulation of pulmonary defense mechanisms by acute exposures to Nitrogen Dioxide.- Lysosome response and cytoskeleton alteration in cell cultures exposed to airborne lead.- 2. Outdoor air.- Health risks from respirable dusts produced during the operation of big harvesters.- The influence of meteorological and air pollution factors on acute diseases of the airways in children as illustrated by the Biel region (Switzerland).- Airborne crystals of anhydrous Calcium Sulphate - a new air pollutant.- Goniometrie dust measurements during a sea voyage from the northern to the southern hemisphere, along the Antarctic coast, and at a coast station in Antarctica.- 3. Indoor air.- Inquiries received by the California indoor air quality program on biological contaminants in buildings.- Microbial and dust pollution in non-industrial work places.- Filters of an airconditioning installation as disseminators of fungal spores.- The building illness syndrome: Comparative studies in air conditioned and conventional heated buildings.- Bioaerosols and office building ventilation system.- Radon and its decay products in the indoor environment: Radiation exposure and risk estimation.- V Phytopathology.- Uniformity of airspora concentrations.- Ozone and acidic inputs into forests in Northwest USA.- Effects of acidic fog containing H2O2 on the sensitivity of agricultural crops to important fungal diseases.- Spread of Barley mildew by wind and its significance for Phytopathology, Aerobiology and for Barley cultivation in Europe.- Falling behaviour of steriUzed and slept fruitefly and melonfly.- VI Microbiology.- Airborne spread of microorganisms affecting animals.- Improvement of mathematical models for predicting the airborne spread of foot-and-mouth disease.- Fine particle aerosols in experimental Legionnaires' disease: Their role in infection and treatment.- The size distribution of whirlpool-generated droplets, their ability to contain bacteria and their disposition potential in the human respiratory tract.- Bacterial atmospheric contamination in wastewater treatment plants.- Airborne Gram negative bacteria associated with the handling of domestic waste.- VII Methods in aerobiology.- Special applications of the Burkard-Sampler for collecting airborne pollen and spores I. Semi-quantitative continuous determination of dust-particles, soot, flue ash etc. which may activate diseases of the respiratory tract.- Special applications of the Burkard-Sampler for collecting airborne pollen and sporesII. Record of radioactive dust (after Chernobyl) in the air of Basel (Switzerland).- Efficiency of a new sampler in sampling Betula pollen for antigen analyses.- Collection efficiency of two samplers for microbiological aerosols.- Microorganisme as biological indicators of air pollution.- Statistical correlation of deposition data on 8 air pollutants to lichen data in a small town in Switzerland.- Methods for yearly comparisons of aeropalynological data.- Aircraft sampling of the upper airspora.- Methods to reduce allergic effects: Elimination of allergens (pollen, mites, indoor dust, bacteria, gases etc.) from indoor air.