Adversity, Stress, and Psychopathology

Hardcover | June 1, 1998

EditorBruce P. Dohrenwend

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"Adversity" involves exposure to unpropitious or calamitous circumstances. It occurs in extreme situations such as prolonged combat or natural disasters, both of which affect whole groups or communities of people simultaneously. It is found as well in more individually targeted events such aschild abuse, bereavement, rape, physical illness, marital separation or divorce, unemployment, and homelessness. Exposure to adversity is not randomly distributed in society. It varies, for example, with gender, ethnic or racial background, and socioeconomic status. And some types of adversity canbe precipitated by an individual's own actions.In this volume, the leading investigators review research on the nature of adversity and its relationship to major types of psychopathology including schizophrenia, depression, alcoholism and other substance-use disorders, antisocial personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, andnonspecific distress. These relationships are examined in terms of theoretical concepts of life stress that describe the characteristics of the ongoing situation in which adverse events occur and the factors of personality and coping ability that also affect psychiatric outcomes. The authors siftthrough firm and infirm findings and critically evaluate existing theory and research strategies and provide and integrative theoretical framework. No other book offers as comprehensive and authoritative a discussion of the role of psychosocial stress in causing mental disorders.

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"Adversity" involves exposure to unpropitious or calamitous circumstances. It occurs in extreme situations such as prolonged combat or natural disasters, both of which affect whole groups or communities of people simultaneously. It is found as well in more individually targeted events such aschild abuse, bereavement, rape, physical ill...

Bruce P. Dohrenwend, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychiatry and Public Health at Columbia University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:584 pages, 10 × 7.09 × 1.42 inPublished:June 1, 1998Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195121929

ISBN - 13:9780195121926

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Bruce P. Dohrenwend: IntroductionI. Extreme SituationsMorton Beiser: Introduction1. Itzhak Levav: Individuals Under Conditions of Maximum Adversity: The Holocaust2. Richard F. Mollica, Charles Poole, Svang Tor: Symptoms, Functioning and Health Problems in a Massively Traumatized Population: The Legacy of the Cambodian Tragedy3. Terence M. Keane: Psychological Effects of Military Combat4. Robert Giel: Natural and Human-made DisastersII. Individual EventsWilliam W. Eaton and Bruce P. Dohrenwend: Introduction5. Cathy Spatz Widom: Childhood Victimization: Early Adversity and Subsequent Psychopathology6. Paula J. Clayton: Model of Stress: The Bereavement Reaction7. Stanislav B. Kasl, Eunice Rodriguez, Kathryn E. Lasch: The Impact of Unemployment on Health and Well-being8. Daniel B. Herman, Ezra S. Susser, Elmer L. Struening: Homelessness, Stress and Psychopathology9. Suzanne C. Ouellette: The Value and Limitations of Stress Models in HIV/AIDS10. Dean G. Kilpatrick, Heidi S. Resnick, Benjamin E. Saunders, Connie L. Best: Rape, Other Violence Against Women, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder11. Mary Amanda Dew: Psychiatric Disorder in the Context of Physical Illness12. Martha L. Bruce: Divorce and PsychopathologyIII. Epidemiologic StudiesEvelyn Bromet and Bruce P. Dohrenwend: Introduction13. Robert Kohn, Bruce P. Dohrenwend, Jerrold Mirotznik: Psychiatric Disorders in the General Population14. Bruce P. Dohrenwend, Itzhak Levav, Patrick E. Shrout, Sharon Schwartz, Guedalia Naveh, Bruce G. Link, Andrew E. Skodol, and Ann Stueve: Ethnic Status, Socioeconomic Status, and Psychiatric Disorders: the Social Causation-Social Selection Issue15. Naomi Breslau, Glenn Davis, Patricia Andreski, Belle Federman, James C. Anthony: PTSD and Comorbid Disorders in the General Population16. Lee M. Robins: Exposure to Fateful Events: A Confounder in Assigning Causal Roles to Life Events17. Ann Stueve, Bruce P. Dohrenwend, Andrew E. Skodol: Stressful Life Events and Episodes of Major Depression and Non-Affective Psychotic Disorders18. George W. Brown: Loss and Depressive DisordersIV. Stress Moderating and Amplifying FactorsDavid Mechanic: Introduction19. Andrew E. Skodol: Personality and Coping As Stress Attenuating or Amplifying Factors20. A.S. Henderson: Social Support: Its Present Significance for Psychiatric Epidemiology21. Bruce G. Link, Mary Clare Lennon, Bruce P. Dohrenwend: Some Characteristics of Occupations as Risk or Productive Factors22. Mary Clare Lennon: Domestic Arrangements and Depressive Symptoms: An Examination of Housework ConditionsV. Complementary ApproachesRobert M. Rose: Introduction23. Patrick E. Shrout, Bruce G. Link: Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of Stress and Adversity24. Gary W. Kraemer, Jocelyne Bachevalier: Cognitive Changes Associated with Persisting Behavioral Effects of Early Psychosocial Stress in Rhesus Monkeys: The View From Psychobiology25. Ellen Frank, Jordan Karp: Physiological Correlates of Stress, Adversity, and Psychopathology26. Kenneth S. Kendler: Adversity, Stress and Psychopathology: A Psychiatric Genetic Perspective27. Sheppard G. Kellam, Lawrence S. Mayer, George W. Rebok, Wesley E. Hawkins: Effects of Improving Achievement on Aggressive Behavior and of Improving Aggressive Behavior on Achievement Through Two Preventive Interventions: An Investigation of Causal Paths28. Alexander H. Leighton: A Perspective on Adversity, Stress and PsychopathologyVI. Overview and IntegrationBruce P. Dohrenwend: Introduction29. Bruce P. Dohrenwend: Overview of Evidence for the Importance of Adverse Environmental Conditions30. Bruce P. Dohrenwend: Theoretical Integration

Editorial Reviews

"As an overview of the role of stress in mental disorders, the book will be valuable for mental and public health professionals and social-behavioral scientists."--Readings