AIDS, Women, and the Next Generation: Towards a Morally Acceptable Public Policy for HIV Testing of…

Hardcover | October 1, 1982

EditorRuth R. Faden, Gail Geller, Madison Powers

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The proliferation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) among women and children represents one of the gravest health issues confronting contemporary society. Women, most of childbearing age, now constitute 11 percent of all cases, and the U.S. Public Health Service has projected over3,000 cases of pediatric AIDS by the end of 1991. In the face of these sobering statistics, experts have been called upon to grapple with a difficult, compelling question: under what conditions, if any, should HIV testing of women and children be required? Also at issue are the surreptitioustesting for HIV antibodies as part of routine prenatal and neonatal examinations, and whether such testing should be performed on all women and infants, or only those who belong to groups judged at "high risk". In this unique contribution to the debate about HIV screening and testing, Ruth Faden,Madison Powers, and Gail Geller have assembled perspectives from experts in public health, medicine, law, and ethics. Their wide-ranging treatment examines the history of prenatal and neonatal screening programs; informed consent; legal issues and confidentiality; reproductive decision-making; andnumerous other aspects of HIV testing. Alternative policy options for both now and the future are discussed in detail. This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of these pressing medical, public health, legal, ethical, and social issues, and is essential reading for AIDS researchers andclinicians, public health specialists, ethicists, health policymakers and analysts, obstetricians, and pediatricians.

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The proliferation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) among women and children represents one of the gravest health issues confronting contemporary society. Women, most of childbearing age, now constitute 11 percent of all cases, and the U.S. Public Health Service has projected over3,000 cases of pediatric AIDS by the end of...

Ruth R. Faden is at Johns Hopkins University. Gail Geller is at Johns Hopkins University.

other books by Ruth R. Faden

Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy
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Format:HardcoverDimensions:400 pages, 6.38 × 9.49 × 1.38 inPublished:October 1, 1982Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195065727

ISBN - 13:9780195065725

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Table of Contents

PART I: Introduction1. Ruth Faden, Nancy Kass, and Madison Powers: Warrants for Screening Programs: Public Health, Legal and Ethical FrameworksPART II: Public Health and Medical Issues2. John Modlin and Alfred Saah: Public Health and Clinical Aspects of HIV Infection in Women and Children in the U.S.3. Katherine Acuff and Ruth Faden: A History of Prenatal and Neonatal Screening Programs: Lessons for the Future4. Timothy Johnson and John Repke: HIV Infection and Obstetrical Care5. Larry Wissow and Nancy Hutton: Pediatric HIV Testing: Social IssuesPART III: Legal Issues6. Katherine Acuff: Prenatal and Newborn Screening: State Legislative Approaches and Current Practice Standards7. Anita Allen: Legal Issues in Nonvoluntary Prenatal HIV Testing8. Patricia King: Legal Issues in Voluntary Screening for HIV Infection in Pregnant Women9. Madison Powers: Legal Protections of Confidential Medical Information and the Need for Anti-Discrimination LawsPART IV: Normative and Social Issues10. Ruth Faden and Judith Areen: Ethical and Legal Issues in Mandatory and Voluntary Neonatal HIV Testing11. LeRoy Walters: Ethical Issues in HIV Testing During Pregnancy12. Gail Geller and Nancy Kass: Informed Consent in the Context of Prenatal HIV Testing13. Nancy Kass PART V: Conclusion: Reproductive Decision-Making in the Context of HIV: The Case for Non-Directive Counseling14. HIV Infection, Pregnant Women and Newborns: A Policy Proposal for Information and Testing

Editorial Reviews

"AIDS, Women and the Next Generation is a rigorously constructed volume of insightful articles....it offers in-depth analysis and clear directions to guide public policy-making with respect to HIV, pregnant women, and newborns."--Disability Studies Quarterly