All We Have to Fear: Psychiatrys Transformation of Natural Anxieties into Mental Disorders

Hardcover | May 1, 2012

byAllan V. Horwitz, Jerome C. Wakefield

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Thirty years ago, it was estimated that less than five percent of the population had an anxiety disorder. Today, some estimates are over fifty percent, a tenfold increase. Is this dramatic rise evidence of a real medical epidemic?In All We Have to Fear, Allan Horwitz and Jerome Wakefield argue that psychiatry itself has largely generated this "epidemic" by inflating many natural fears into psychiatric disorders, leading to the over-diagnosis of anxiety disorders and the over-prescription of anxiety-reducing drugs. Americanpsychiatry currently identifies disordered anxiety as irrational anxiety disproportionate to a real threat. Horwitz and Wakefield argue, to the contrary, that it can be a perfectly normal part of our nature to fear things that are not at all dangerous - from heights to negative judgments by othersto scenes that remind us of past threats (as in some forms of PTSD). Indeed, this book argues strongly against the tendency to call any distressing condition a "mental disorder." To counter this trend, the authors provide an innovative and nuanced way to distinguish between anxiety conditions that are psychiatric disorders and likely require medical treatment andthose that are not - the latter including anxieties that seem irrational but are the natural products of evolution. The authors show that many commonly diagnosed "irrational" fears - such as a fear of snakes, strangers, or social evaluation - have evolved over time in response to situations thatposed serious risks to humans in the past, but are no longer dangerous today. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines including psychiatry, evolutionary psychology, sociology, anthropology, and history, the book illuminates the nature of anxiety in America, making a major contribution to our understanding of mental health.

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Thirty years ago, it was estimated that less than five percent of the population had an anxiety disorder. Today, some estimates are over fifty percent, a tenfold increase. Is this dramatic rise evidence of a real medical epidemic?In All We Have to Fear, Allan Horwitz and Jerome Wakefield argue that psychiatry itself has largely generat...

Allan V. Horwitz is Board of Governors Professor of Sociology at Rutgers University. His books include The Social Control of Mental Illness and Creating Mental Illness. He is the recipient of the Pearlin Award for lifetime Achievement in the Sociology of Mental Health from the American Sociological Association. Jerome C. Wakefield is U...

other books by Allan V. Horwitz

Creating Mental Illness
Creating Mental Illness

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The Loss of Sadness
The Loss of Sadness

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see all books by Allan V. Horwitz
Format:HardcoverDimensions:320 pages, 9.25 × 6.5 × 0.98 inPublished:May 1, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199793751

ISBN - 13:9780199793754

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Table of Contents

1. The Puzzle of Anxiety Disorders2. An Evolutionary Approach to Normal and Pathological Anxiety3. Normal, Pathological, and Mismatched Anxiousness4. A Short History of Anxiety and Its Disorders5. The Validity of the DSM Diagnostic Criteria for Anxiety Disorders6. Fear and Anxiety in the Community7. PTSD: The Persistence of Memory8. The Transformation of Anxiety into Depression