Alpine Treelines: Functional Ecology of the Global High Elevation Tree Limits by Christian KörnerAlpine Treelines: Functional Ecology of the Global High Elevation Tree Limits by Christian Körner

Alpine Treelines: Functional Ecology of the Global High Elevation Tree Limits

byChristian Körner, Susanna Riedl

Hardcover | May 28, 2012

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Alpine treelines mark the low-temperature limit of tree growth and occur in mountains world-wide. Presenting a companion to his book Alpine Plant Life, Christian Körner provides a global synthesis of the treeline phenomenon from sub-arctic to equatorial latitudes and a functional explanation based on the biology of trees. The comprehensive text approaches the subject in a multi-disciplinary way by exploring forest patterns at the edge of tree life, tree morphology, anatomy, climatology and, based on this, modelling treeline position, describing reproduction and population processes, development, phenology, evolutionary aspects, as well as summarizing evidence on the physiology of carbon, water and nutrient relations, and stress physiology. It closes with an account on treelines in the past (palaeo-ecology) and a section on global change effects on treelines, now and in the future. With more than 100 illustrations, many of them in colour, the book shows alpine treelines from around the globe and offers a wealth of scientific information in the form of diagrams and tables.

Christian Körner was born in 1949 in Salzburg, Austria, got his academic degrees from the University of Innsbruck, and became professor of botany at the University of Basel, Switzerland in 1989. He published over 300 scientific articles on plant-environment interactions and authored and coauthored numerous scientific books, including t...
Title:Alpine Treelines: Functional Ecology of the Global High Elevation Tree LimitsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:220 pagesPublished:May 28, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3034803958

ISBN - 13:9783034803953

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Table of Contents

1.  High elevation treelines

1.1 The task

1.2 Previous works


2.  Definitions and conventions

2.1 The life form 'tree'

2.2 Lines and transitions

2.3 Limitation, stress and disturbance

2.4 Altitude-related and other environmental drivers

2.5 Treeline nomenclature


3.  Treeline patterns

3.1 Treeline taxa

3.2 The summit syndrome and other treeline depressions

3.3 Mass elevation effect

3.4 Treeline elevation

3.5 Time matters

3.6 Forest structure near treeline


4.  Treeline climate

4.1 Specific aspects of treeline climatology

4.2 Criteria to define temperature regimes at treeline

4.3 Treeline temperatures in different bioclimatic regions

4.4 Seedbed and branch temperatures

4.5 Whole forest temperatures


5.  Global mountain statistics based on treeline elevation

5.1 Mountain geostatistics

5.2 Elevational belts

5.3 Global treeline ecotones


6.  Structure and stature of treeline trees

6.1 Foliage properties

6.2 Wood properties

6.3 Bark properties

6.4 Root traits

6.5 Tree stature

6.6 Dry matter allocation in treeline trees


7.  Growth and development

7.1 Tree growth near treeline

7.2 Xylogenesis at treeline

7.3 Apical growth dynamics

7.4 Root growth

7.5 Phenology at treeline


8.  Evolutionary adjustments to life at treeline

8.1 Phylogenetic selection

8.2 Genotypic responses of growth and development

8.3 Genotypic responses of physiological traits


9.  Reproduction, early life stages and tree demography

9.1 Amount and quality of seeds at high elevation

9.2 Germination, seedling and sapling stage

9.3 Tree demography at treeline


10.  Freezing and other forms of stress

10.1 Stress at treeline in a fitness context

10.2 Mechanisms and principles of freezing resistance

10.3 Freezing resistance in treeline trees

10.4 Other forms of stress at treeline


11.  Water, nutrient and carbon relations

11.1 Tree water relations during the growing season

11.2 Nutrient relations

11.3 Carbon relations


12.  Treeline formation - currently, in the past and in the future

 12.1 Causes of current treelines

12.2 Treelines in the recent past

12.3. Treelines in the distant past (Holocene)

12.4 Future treelines


Taxonomic index

Subject index

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"Christian Körner synthesizes the extensive literature on alpine treelines and presents new explanations and a theory for global treeline formation. . Photos are particularly well selected, exemplifying key points and a range of taxa in context, as well as being of a good photographic standard. . Alpine Treelines will surely stand the test of time as a definitive work on the subject and is a critical reference for the approach to analysis and interpretation of treeline data." (Melanie Smith, Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 33 (3), August, 2013)"Körner is well known for his book Alpine Plant Life . . This volume is designed as a companion to the former book, covering the biotic and abiotic aspects of treelines around the world from the sub-Arctic to the equator. . There is a very useful chapter on treeline movement in the recent and distant past and what is likely to happen in the future. . Full of detailed information with main points highlighted in bold this makes a very useful textbook." (BES Bulletin, June, 2013)