Amazonian Floodplain Forests: Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable Management by Wolfgang J. JunkAmazonian Floodplain Forests: Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable Management by Wolfgang J. Junk

Amazonian Floodplain Forests: Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable Management

byWolfgang J. JunkEditorMaria T. F. Piedade, Florian Wittmann

Paperback | December 5, 2012

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Central Amazonian floodplain forests are an unique and endangered ecosystem. The forests grow in areas that are annually flooded by large rivers during mean periods of up to 8 months and at depths of up to 10 m. Despite this severe stress, these forests consist of over 1,000 species and are by far the most species-rich floodplain forests worldwide. The trees show a broad range of morphological, anatomical, physiological, and phenological adaptations that enable them not only to survive the adverse environmental conditions, but also to produce large amounts of biomass when the nutrient levels in water and soils are sufficiently high. This is the case in the floodplains of white-water rivers, which are used for fisheries, agriculture, and cattle-ranching but which also have a high potential for the production of timber and non-timber products, when adequately managed. Latest research on ecophysiology gives insight how tree species adapt to the oscillating flood-pulse focusing on their photosynthesis, respiration, sap flow, biochemistry, phenology, wood and leave anatomy, root morphology and functioning, fruit chemistry, seed germination, seedling establishment, nitrogen fixation and genetic variability. Based on tree ages, lifetime growth rates and net primary production, new concepts are developed to improve the sustainability of traditional forest managements in the background of an integrated natural resource management. This is the first integrative book on the functioning and ecologically oriented use of floodplain forests in the tropics and sub-tropics.It provides fundamental knowledge for scientist, students, foresters and other professionals on their distribution, evolution and phytogeography. "This book is an excellent testimony to the interdisciplinary collaboration of a group of very dedicated scientists to unravel the functioning of the Amazonian Floodplain forests. They have brought together a highly valuable contribution on the distribution, ecology, primary production, ecophysiology, typology, biodiversity, and human use of these forests offering recommendations for sustainable management and future projects in science and development of these unique wetland ecosystems. It lays a solid scientific foundation for wetland ecologists, foresters, environmentalists, wetland managers, and all those interested in sustainable management in the tropics and subtropics." Brij Gopal, Executive Vice President International Society for Limnology (SIL).
Prof. Dr. Wolfgang J. Junk is the retired head of the Working Group of Tropical Ecology at the former Max-Planck-Institute for Limnology at Plön, Germany. He worked more than 40 years in the Brazilian Amazon region in cooperation with the National Amazon Research Institute (INPA) at Manaus, and 20 years in the Pantanal, an other large ...
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Title:Amazonian Floodplain Forests: Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable ManagementFormat:PaperbackDimensions:618 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.01 inPublished:December 5, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9400733631

ISBN - 13:9789400733633

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Table of Contents

Part I - Amazonian Floodplain Forests and the Environment1. An Introduction to South American Wetland Forests: Distribution, Definitions and General Characterization 2. Development of the Amazon Valley during the Middle to Late Quaternary: Sedimentological and Climatological Observations3. Remote Sensing of the Distribution and Extent of Wetlands in the Amazon Basin4. Phytogeography, Species Diversity, Community Structure and Dynamics of Central Amazonian Floodplain ForestsPart II - Ecological and Ecophysiological Aspects of Amazonian Floodplain Forests5. Tree Phenology in Amazonian Floodplain Forests6. Biochemistry of Amazonian Floodplain trees7. The Morphology and Anatomy of Tree Roots and their Aeration Strategies 8. Fine Root Systems and Mycorrhizal Associations in Two Central Amazonian Inundation Forests - Igapó and Várzea9. Morphology and Anatomy of Leaves10. Gas Exchange and Photosynthesis11. Sap Flow and Stem Respiration12. Fruit and Seed Chemistry, Biomass and Dispersal13. Seed Germination and Seedling Establishment of Amazonian Floodplain Trees 14. Nitrogen Balance of a Floodplain Forest of the Amazon River: the Role of Nitrogen Fixation15. Genetic Variability, Divergence and Speciation in Trees of Periodically Flooded Forests of the Amazon: a Case Study of Himatanthus sucuuba (SPRUCE) WOODSON16 .The Importance of Amazonian Floodplain Forests for Animal Biodiversity: Beetles in Canopies of Floodplain and Upland ForestsPart III - Sustainable Management of Amazonian Floodplain Forests17. Wood Anatomy, Tree Ring Structure of the Stem and their Importance for Tropical Dendrochronology.18. Biomass and Net Primary Production of Central Amazonian Floodplain Forests19. Use of Amazonian Floodplain Trees20. Traditional Timber Harvesting in the Central Amazonian Floodplain Forests21. Growth-Orientated Logging (GOL): The Use of Species Specific Growth Information for Forest Management in Central Amazonian FloodplainsPart IV - Discussion and conclusions22. Protected Areas in the Amazonian Várzea and their Role in its Conservation: the Case of Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve (MSDR)23. The Role of Floodplain Forests in an Integrated Sustainable Management Concept of the Natural Resources of the Central Amazonian Várzea.24 Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable Management of Central Amazonian Floodplain Forests: a Synthesis

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"'The first integrative book on the functioning and ecologically oriented use of floodplain forests in the tropics and the subtropics.' The book deals with ecophysiology, biodiversity, and sustainable development and is divided in three parts. . Overall, the book covers a wide range of topics related to the biology and sustainable use of flooded Amazonian forests. . this is a substantial volume of work on valuable and extensive forest system, with relevance to other inundated forest regions across the world." (Ernesto Medina, Biotropica, Vol. 43 (6), 2011)