American Education

Paperback | March 18, 2013

byJoel Spring

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Joel Spring’s American Education provides a clear, concise introduction to the historical, political, social, and legal foundations of education and to the profession of teaching in the United States. Students will come away with a strong knowledge of the forces behind the shaping of the American educational system through connecting with the latest topics, issues, and data.

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Joel Spring’s American Education provides a clear, concise introduction to the historical, political, social, and legal foundations of education and to the profession of teaching in the United States. Students will come away with a strong knowledge of the forces behind the shaping of the American educational system through connecting w...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:9.1 × 6.3 × 0.5 inPublished:March 18, 2013Publisher:McGraw-Hill EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:007802451X

ISBN - 13:9780078024511

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Table of Contents

PREFACE XXX

Part One SCHOOL AND SOCIETY

1. The History and Political Goals of Public Schooling

Common Core Standards: Protected or Prepared Childhood?

Impact of Educational Goals: Common Core Standards and Literacy

Historical Goals of Schooling

Political Goals of Schooling

Censorship and American Political Values

Courts and Political Values

Political Values and State and National Curriculum Standards

The Fruits of Political Education

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

2. The Social Goals of Schooling

The Problem of Determining Moral Values: Religion and Secularism

Moral Values and Sex Education

School Values and Gay and Lesbian Youth

Character Education

Do Public Schools Reduce Crime?

School Crime: Student Violence

School Crime: Bullying and Cyberbullying

Promoting National Health: Nutrition

Promoting National Health: Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Building Community through Extracurricular Activities

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

3. Education and Equality of Opportunity

The Relationship between Schools and Equality of Opportunity

School Models for Equality of Opportunity

The Common-School Model

The Sorting-Machine Model

The High-Stakes Testing Model

Education and Income

The Bias of Labor Market Conditions on Educational Attainment, Income, and Gender

White Privilege: Race, Educational Attainment, and Income

The Asian Advantage: Race, Household Income, and Education

Schooling: Are Schools Contributing to the Rich Getting Richer and the Poor Getting Poorer?

Rich and Poor School Districts

Social Class and At-Risk Students

The End of the American Dream: School Dropouts

Tracking and Ability Grouping

Social Reproduction

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

4. The Economic Goals of Schooling: Human Capital, Global Economy, and Preschool

Human Capital Theory

Schooling and the Global Knowledge Economy

School Curriculum and the Global Economy

The Human Capital Education Paradigm and Lifelong Learning

Can investment in Schools Grow the Economy?

Preschool and Human Capital Theory

The Perry Preschool Study

Child-Rearing and Social and Cultural Capital

Family Learning and School Success

Childhood Poverty

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

5. Equality of Educational Opportunity: Race, Gender, and Special Needs

The Legal Problem in Defining Race

Defining Race after the 1965 Immigration Act

The 2010 Census and Race

The Fourteenth Amendment and Equality of Educational Opportunity

Desegregating Schools

School Segregation today

Second-Generation Segregation

The Struggle for Equal Education for Women

Students with Disabilities

Public Law 94-142: Education for All Handicapped Children Act

Disability Categories

Writing an IEP

Inclusion

Inclusion and No Child Left Behind

An Inclusion Success Story

The Inclusion Debate

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

6. Student Diversity

Global Migration and the Immigration Act of 1965

Mexican American Students and U.S. Schools

Asian American Students and U.S. Schools

Native American Students and U.S. Schools

Educational Experiences of Immigrants to the United States

The Language of the Schools

Languages of School-Age Children

Are U.S. Teachers Prepared for Language Diversity?

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

7. Multicultural and Multilingual Education

Cultural Differences in Knowing and Seeing the World

Biculturalism: Collectivist and Individualist Societies

The Differences among Dominant, Dominated, and Immigrant

Cultures

Dominated Cultures: John Ogbu

Empowerment through Multicultural Education: James Banks, Sonia Nieto, and Critical Pedagogy

Empowerment through Multicultural Education: Racism

Teaching about Racism

Empowerment through Multicultural Education: Sexism

Educating for Economic Power: Lisa Delpit

Ethnocentric Education

Bilingual Education and English Language Acquisition:

No Child Left Behind

English Language Acquisition Act of 2001

Globalization: Language and Cultural Rights

Global Responses to Education of Linguistic and Cultural Minorities

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

Part Two POWER AND CONTROL IN AMERICAN EDUCATION

8. Local Control, Choice, Charter Schools, and Home Schooling

The Education Chair

School Boards

School Choice

School Choice and Religion

National Public School Choice Plan: No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

Charter Schools

What Is a Charter School?

Three Examples of Charter Schools

For-Profit Companies and Charters

For-Profit Global Education Corporations

Home Schooling

Online and Distance Learning

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

9. Power and Control at State and National Levels: Political Party Platforms and High-Stakes Testing

Source of Federal Influence over Local School Policies

No Child Left Behind as Categorical Federal Aid

Increasing State Involvement in Schools

Example of Federal Power: President Obama's Race to the Top

Common Core State Standards

Federal and State Control through High-Stakes Tests and Academic Standards

Consequences of Federal and State Control through High-Stakes Testing

Federal and State Mandated Tests and Equality of

Opportunity

Problems in Federal Control: Testing Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners

Does Federally Mandated High-Stakes Testing Work?

Does Federal Testing Policy Promote Unethical Behavior?

The Federal Government Decides the Reading War: No Child Left Behind

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

10. The Profession of Teaching

The Changing Roles of American Teachers

No Child Left Behind: Highly Qualified Teachers

The Rewards of Teaching

Working Conditions

Teacher Turnover

Teachers' Unions and Teacher Politics

A Brief History of the National Education Association (NEA) A Brief History of the American Federation of Teachers

(AFT)

Differences between the Two Unions

Performance-Based Pay

Assault on Teachers Unions' Collective Bargaining Rights

Should Teachers Strike?

Teachers' Rights

Teachers' Liability

Teachers' Private Lives

Conclusion

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

11. Globalization of Education

Dominant Global Educational Ideology: Human Capital and Consumerism

OECD and Human Capital Theory

World Bank and Human Capital Education Theory

Global Education Business

Global Business and Global Testing Services: Standardization of Subjects and Global Intercultural English

Shadow Education Industry and Cram Schools

Franchising the Shadow Education System

Conclusion: Long Life and Happiness

Suggested Readings and Works Cited in Chapter

INDEX