American Government in Black and White

Paperback | December 23, 2014

byPaula D. McClain, Steven C. Tauber

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Concise, affordable, and engaging, American Government in Black and White, Second Edition, 2014 Election Update, is a unique introduction to American government that uses racial and ethnic equality as its underlying theme. Authors Paula D. McClain and Steven C. Tauber address issues ofinequality in major facets of government, including the U.S. Constitution, key American political institutions and instruments of political behavior, and the making of public policy. Engaging the original voices of racial and ethnic actors in our nation's history, they show students how to measureand evaluate the importance of equality in America, from its founding up to today.

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Concise, affordable, and engaging, American Government in Black and White, Second Edition, 2014 Election Update, is a unique introduction to American government that uses racial and ethnic equality as its underlying theme. Authors Paula D. McClain and Steven C. Tauber address issues ofinequality in major facets of government, including...

Paula D. McClain is Professor of Political Science, Professor of Public Policy, Dean of the Graduate School, Vice Provost for Graduate Education, and Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in the Social Sciences at Duke University. She is a premier author, scholar, and series editor of numerous works on ...

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Paperback|Jul 25 2017

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:624 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:December 23, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190216034

ISBN - 13:9780190216030

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Table of Contents

Each chapter ends with a Conclusion, Review Questions, Additional Readings, Notes, and Key Terms.Preface1. American Government and Politics in a Racially Divided WorldThe Nature of GovernmentThe Functions of GovernmentThe Types of GovernmentPrinciples of Constitutional Democracies- The Rule of Law- Natural Law- Natural RightsFoundations of American Government- Classical Liberalism- Classical Republicanism- Our Voices: Lemeul Haynes--Republicanism and Slavery- Tradition of Exclusion (Inegalitarianism)- Evaluating Equality: Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings- Jefferson's Views- Jefferson's ActionsExclusion and the Founding- Measuring Equality: Who Was Eligible to Be Included in "We The People"?2. The Constitution: Rights and Race IntertwinedA Revolution for Independence- The Road to Revolution- Declaring IndependenceFirst Attempt at National Government: The Articles of Confederation- A Limited National Government- Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation- Our Voices: Prince Hall (1748-1807)Second Attempt at National Government: The Constitution- The Convention Delegates- Measuring Equality: Whom Did the Framers Represent?- Forming a New Government- The Great Compromise- Evaluating Equality: The Effect of the Three-Fifths Compromise on the Political Power of the South- Debate over Ratification- The Bill of RightsNational Government Under the Constitution- National Supremacy- The Legislative Branch- The Executive Branch- The Judicial Branch- Liberalized Amendment RulesPlanning for Potential Pitfalls- Separating Powers- Varying Terms of Office- Selecting National Government Officials- Qualifying for National Office- Instituting Checks and Balances3. Federalism: Balancing Power, Balancing RightsFederalism and State and Local Governments- State Legislatures- Measuring Equality: Black and Latino Representation in State Legislatures- Governors- State Courts- Local Governments- Evaluating Equality: Home Rule, Statehood, and the Status of Washington, DCFederalism and the Constitution- The Constitution and National Government Power- Constitutional Amendments and National Power- The Constitution and State PowerThe Evolution of American Federalism- Federalism in the Early Republic and Industrialization- Our Voices: John Marshall and the Status of Indian Tribes- Dual Federalism and the Ascendency of State Autonomy- Cooperative Federalism and the Growth of the National Government- The Era of Devolution4. Civil Liberties: Freedom and Government Authority in TensionThe Bill of Rights- Origins of the Bill of Rights- Incorporation of the Bill of RightsFreedom of Expression- Political Dissent- Pornography and Offensive Speech- Freedom of the PressFreedom of Religion- Establishment of Religion- Free Exercise of Religion- Our Voices: The Right to Practice Nontraditional Religions and Employment Division v. SmithCriminal Justice- Investigation- Evaluating Equality: Recognizing Values in Political Cartoons on Racial Profiling in Fighting Terrorism- Trial- Punishment- Measuring Equality: Discrimination, Death Row Population, and Executions in States with the Death PenaltyPrivacy- Personal Autonomy- Reproductive Freedom5. Civil Rights: Inequality and EqualityCivil Rights Terms and Concepts- Forms of Inequality- SegregationRace, Ethnicity, and Civil Rights- Blacks- Measuring Equality: Voter Registration and the Voting Rights Act of 1965- Latinos- Evaluating Equality: Terminology and Support for Illegal Immigration Reform- Asian Americans- American IndiansNonracial and Ethnic Struggles for Civil Rights- Women- Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals, and the Transgendered- Elderly and Disabled6. Congress: Representation and LawmakingThe Nature of Congressional Representation- The Unrepresented- Our Voices: Nonvoting Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton and Representation for Washington, DC- Districts- Members of CongressCongressional Organization and Leadership- Leadership in the House- Leadership in the Senate- Committees- Informal Organizations- Evaluating Equality: The Congressional Black Caucus and Black Republican Members of CongressThe Lawmaking Process- Activity on the House Floor- Action on the Senate Floor- Reconciling Differences Between House and Senate Bills- Nonlawmaking Functions of CongressInfluences on Congressional Decisionmaking- Constituents- Party Leaders- Measuring Equality: The Influence of Race and Political Party on Voting- Colleagues- Interest Groups- Staff7. The Presidency: Conventional Wisdom RedefinedBecoming President- Diversity- Our Voices: Barack Obama's Inaugural Address- The Presidential Selection Process- Measuring Equality: Scatterplots of Obama Vote and Minority Populations- Financing Presidential CampaignsPresidential Power- Administrative Powers of the President- Foreign Powers of the President- Domestic Powers of the PresidentExecutive Branch Organization- The Vice President- The President's Spouse- The Cabinet- The Executive Office of the President- The White House Staff- Evaluating Equality: Racial and Ethnic Representation in the Executive BranchPresidents and Congress- Negotiating with Congress- Presidents and the Public- Congressional Investigations of the Executive Branch8. The Bureaucracy: Career Government Employees, Accountability, and RaceBureaucratic Organization- Cabinet Departments- Independent Regulatory Commissions- Independent Executive Agencies- Our Voices: The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights and the Controversy over Florida and the 2000 Election- Government Corporations- Evaluating Equality: Bureaucratic Organization and American IndiansThe Bureaucrats- Politics versus Merit- Diversity- Measuring Equality: Minority Representation in the Federal Civilian WorkforceBureaucratic Policymaking and Power- Implementation- Enforcement- Rulemaking- Administrative Adjudication- Sources of Bureaucratic PowerControlling Bureaucracies- Executive Control over Bureaucracies- Legislative Control over Bureaucracies- Judicial Control over Bureaucracies9. The Judiciary: The Countermajoritarian InstitutionLaw and Courts- Dimensions of Law- Organization of the Federal JudiciaryJudicial Powers and Limitations- The Origins and Development of Judicial Review- Judicial Review and Constitutional Interpretation- Judicial Review and Civil Rights- Limitations on the CourtsJudicial Selection- Nominating Judges- Confirming Judges- Race and Ethnicity and Judicial Nominations- Measuring Equality: Presidents' Records of Minority Judicial Appointments to the Lower Federal Courts- Our Voices: Opinions of African American Supreme Court Justices- Evaluating Equality: Legal Argumentation, Amicus Curiae Briefs, and Affirmative Action- Attorney Influence on Court Decisionmaking10. Public Opinion: Divided by Race?Public Opinion Overview- Our Voices: Transcript of Conversation between Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy and Governor Ross Barnett of Mississippi (Sunday, September 20, 1962)Race, Gender, and Public Opinion- Race- Evaluating Equality: Differences in Perception of Discrimination against Black Americans- GenderPolitical Culture and Public Opinion- Measuring Equality: Barack Obama and the "Birthers"- Political Socialization- Demographic Factors- Partisan Identification- The MediaExpressions of Public OpinionMeasuring Public OpinionThe Mechanics of Polling- How the Sample Is Drawn- How a Question Is Worded- When a Question Is Asked Within the Survey- When Data Are Gathered- How Data Are GatheredThe Bradley EffectPublic Opinion and Politics11. The Media: Reinforcing Racial Stereotypes?A History of Media and Politics- Print MediaOur Voices: The Liberator and Abolitionism- Broadcast Radio and Television- New MediaThe Media Industry- The Media Business- Media PersonnelPress Coverage of Politics and Government Officials and Institutions- Reporting of Elections- Measuring Equality: Racial and Ethnic Representation in the Media- Coverage of Government Officials and Institutions- Government Regulation- Evaluating Equality: Racial Bias in the Press Coverage of Hurricane Katrina12. Social Movements: Civil Rights as a Movement ModelA Social Movement Defined- Conditions that give Rise to Social Movements- Social Movements and DemocracySuccessful American Social Movements- The Civil Rights Movement- Our Voices: Excerpt from Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail- The Women's Suffrage and Women's Rights Movement- Evaluating Equality: What Arguments Did Supporters and Opponents of the ERA Put Forth?- The Labor Movement- Measuring Equality: Unions and Wages- The Environment Movement- The Anti-Vietnam War Movement- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender MovementOther Important Social Movements- The Chicano Civil Rights Movement- American Indian Movement- Asian American Movement- The Antinuclear Movement- Religious Fundamentalist MovementWhy Some Social Movements Decline and Some Fail- Factors that Contribute to Social Movement Decline- Factors that Contribute to Social Movement FailureSocial Movement or Political Activism13. Interest Groups: Good Outcomes with Few ResourcesInterest Groups and Their Functions- Our Voices: Ida B. WellsA Group-Based View of American Politics- Pluralism- Criticisms of PluralismInterest Group FormationTypes of Interest Groups- Economic Interest Groups- Agriculture- Business- Labor- Professions- Evaluating Equality: The AMA Apologizes to Black Physicians- Noneconomic Interest Groups- Civil Rights- Government- Ideology- Public Interest- Single Issue- ReligionTechniques of Interest Groups- Lobbying- Electioneering- Education- Litigation- Media Campaigns- Factors That Make Interest Groups EffectivePolitical and Financial Inequalities- Measuring Equality; Selected Racial and Ethnic Interest Groups and Their Resources14. Political Parties: Linking Voters and Governing InstitutionsThe Development of the Two-Party System- The Early Parties- Realignment and Republican Party Dominance- The New Deal Coalition and Democratic Party Dominance- The End of Party Dominance and the Rise of Party Competition- Minor Parties- Evaluating Equality: Minor Parties and Racial and Ethnic MinoritiesParty Organization- National Party Conventions- Our Voices: Political Party Platforms and Civil Rights- National Party Committees- State and Local OrganizationParties and Voters- Party Identification- Parties and Group Attachments- Measuring Equality: Latinos, Religious Preference, and Party Identification15. Voting and Elections: Past and Prologue to the Obama VictoryThe Electoral Process: Nominating a Candidate- Caucuses- Primary Elections- Measuring Equality: Obama's Attention to Caucus States in the 2008 Presidential Election- Party ConventionsGeneral Elections- Electing the President: How the Electoral College WorksCampaigning for Elections- Developing a Campaign Strategy- Financing a Campaign- Running a CampaignWinning the Election: How Elections Are DecidedVoting- Factors That Affect Voter Participation- Evaluating Equality: Calculating Voting Turnout RatesWhy Americans Do Not VoteDemographics and Voting- Race- Gender- Age- Marital Status- Socioeconomic Status- RegionThe 2012 Presidential Election- Our Voices: Senator Barack Obama's Speech on Race: "A More Perfect Union"16. The Making of Domestic and Foreign Policy: Summing Up American Government in Black and WhiteAgenda Setting- Social Movements, Interest Groups, and Agenda Setting- The Media and Agenda Setting- Our Voices: President Obama's Cairo SpeechPolicy Enactment- Policy Formulation- Policy Adoption- Evaluating Equality: Racism and the Public Debate over the Adoption of Health Care Reform PoliciesPostenactment Stages- Policy Implementation- Measuring Equality: Racial Disparities in the Punishment of Drug Offenders- Policy EvaluationAppendix I: The Declaration of IndependenceAppendix II: The ConstitutionGlossaryNotesCreditsIndex

Editorial Reviews

"This book is innovative in that it uses the thematic lens of inclusion and exclusion to explore American politics. This approach is necessary because it enables today's college students to explore where our country has come from and where it is going." --Nathan K. Mitchell, Prairie View AandM University