American Government: Myths and Realities 2016 Election Edition by Alan GitelsonAmerican Government: Myths and Realities 2016 Election Edition by Alan Gitelson

American Government: Myths and Realities 2016 Election Edition

byAlan Gitelson, Robert Dudley, Melvin Dubnick

Paperback | February 6, 2017

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about

What students "think they know" about politics is often based on common myths. Rather than dismissing those myths as outright falsehoods, this text encourages students to confront their preconceived notions in order to think critically about government and politics. Clearly and distinctivelywoven into each chapter, the myths-and-realities theme provides a pedagogical framework that engages students with interesting problems while effectively covering the core concepts of American government.
Alan Gitelson is Professor, former assistant Provost and former chair of the department of Political Science at Loyola University. He is the author of three books: American Political Parties, Public Policy and Economic Institutions and American Elections. Bob Dudley is a Professor and past chair of the Department of Public and Intern...
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Title:American Government: Myths and Realities 2016 Election EditionFormat:PaperbackDimensions:624 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:February 6, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190299908

ISBN - 13:9780190299903

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Table of Contents

Note: each chapter includes:- Conclusion- Key terms- Focus questions review- Review questionsPreface1. Making Sense of American PoliticsMyths and Realities: What are the Roles of Reason, Myth, and Belief in American Government?"It Just Makes No Sense!"The Nature and Role of Government and Politics- What is Government?- What is Politics?- The Role of Government in American HistoryWhat are the Fundamental Issues of Government and Politics?- Who Should Govern?- Where Should Government Authority Be Vested?Understanding American Government and Politics- Power of Myths- Power of Reason- Beliefs and IdeologiesAsked and Answered: How Knowledgeable are U.S. Students about Their government?Policy Connection 1: How Do We Make Sense of Public Policies and Programs?The Policy ChallengeThe Legal LabelThe Pervasiveness of PoliciesPublic Policies Dealing with Public Problems2. Constitutional FoundationsMyths and Realities: Is the Constitution a Living Document?The Constitutional Trade-OffAn Imperfect Document- The Setting for Constitutional Change- The FramersThe Roots of the Constitution- The Colonial Heritage- The Intellectual Background- The Onset of RevolutionWhat the Framers Did- Establishing Legitimacy- Structuring Authority- Distributing and Describing Governmental Powers- Allowing for ChangeAsked and Answered: So You Want to Change the Constitution?- Adaptability and EnduranceThe Five Principles- 1) The Rule of Law- 2) Republicanism- 3) Separation of Powers- 4) Checks and Balances- 5) National Supremacy- Applying the Five PrinciplesPolicy Connection 2: How Can We Use Models to Make Sense of American Policymaking?The Policy ChallengeMaking SausageThe Process Models- The Lawmaking Model- The Policymaking Stages Model- The Multiple Stream ModelThe Decision Models- Rational Choice- Incrementalism- Bargaining and CompromiseThe Who Factor3. Federalism and Intergovernmental RelationsMyths and Realities: Do the Individual States Retain Constitutional Sovereignty?The Importance of FederalismThe Evolution of American Federalism- Battles of Meaning (1790's-1860's)- From Separation to Cooperation (1860's-1920's)- Toward Cooperation and Local Participation (1930's-1950's)- The Urban Focus (1960's-1970's)- Reforming and Devolving (1970's-1990's)- Twenty-First Century Challenges (2001 and Beyond?)The Actors of American Federalism- National Government Actors- States in the Federal System- Local Governments- Nongovernmental ActorsAsked and Answered: Who is Responsible for America's Elaborate Systems of Roads and Highways?Policy Connection 3: How are Education Policies and Aid to the Poor Affected by American Federalism?The Policy ChallengeThe Constitutional SettingEducation Policy- Access to Education- Funding of Education- Educational Curriculum- Educational Quality and AccountabilityAid to the Poor- Old and New Welfare- Other Program Changes4. Civil LibertiesMyths and Realities: Do Civil Liberties Mean that We Can Do Anything We Want?Defining and Preserving LibertyApplying the Bill of Rights to the StatesThe First Amendment Freedoms- Freedom of Speech- Freedom of the Press- Freedom of ReligionThe Second Amendment and the Right to Keep and Bear ArmsDue Process and Crime- Right to Counsel- Searches and Seizures- Cruel and Unusual PunishmentAsked and Answered: Do Police Officers Who are Conducting a Search have to Knock and Announce their Presence before Entering Your Home?Privacy- Abortion- Doctor-Assisted SuicidePolicy Connection 4: How Can the Government Maintain its Commitment to Civil Liberties while Minimizing the Nation's Vulnerability to Attack?The Policy Challenge"We Are Going to War"The Myth of VulnerabilityRepsonses to Vulnerability- The Garrison-State Approach- The Temporary-State-of-War Approach- The Glass-Firewall Approach- The Enemy-Within Approach5. Civil RightsMyths and Realities: Does Everyone have the Opportunity to Participate Equally in the American Political and Social System?The Crime of "Driving or Shopping while Black"The Continuing Struggle Against RacismAsked and Answered: What Do We Mean by Jim Crow?- Public Education- Public Accomodations- Voting RightsSex Discrimination- Paternalism and Discrimination- Women in the Workforce- Women and Educational Achievement- Sexual HarassmentSexual Orientation- Equal Protection and Sexual Orientation- Same-Sex Marriage- Changing ViewsEquality and Citizenship Status- Affirmative ActionPolicy Connection 5: What is the Relationship between American Domestic Policies and U.S. Foreign Policy?The Policy ChallengeThe Whole World Was WatchingVulnerability and Exceptionalism6. Public Opinion and Political ParticipationMyths and Realities: Is There Such a Thing as Majority Opinion?Witches, Ghosts, and Public OpinionWhat is Public Opinion?How We Develop Our Beliefs and Opinions- Agents of Political Socialization- Adult SocializationHow Polls WorkThe Paradox of Public OpinionGroup Opinion: Diversity and Uniformity- Gender- Age Groups: College Students and Twentysomethings- Race and EthnicityAsked and Answered: Are Young People in the United States and in Other Nations Inattentive and Inactive in the Political Process?- ReligionAvenues of Political Participation- Acting on Opinions- What Influences Participation?- A Closer Look at Women, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans7. Political PartiesMyths and Realities: How Much do the Democratic and Republican Parties Differ from Each Other?Sorting Out the Puzzle of Political PartiesWhat Parties Are and What They Do- Parties in the United States- The Three-Headed Political GiantWho Belongs to Major Parties and Why?- In the Driver's Seat: Democrats and Republicans- Independents: Taking a Back Seat in Politics?- If Parties Are So Important, What Do They Do?American-Style Politics: The Two Party System- The Winners: The Democrats and the Republicans- Realignment of Parties- Why Two Parties?- The Hidden Actors: Third Parties in the United StatesAsked and Answered: Shouldn't We Have More than Just Two Party Options on the Ballot?Party Structure from the Bottom Up- Local Parties- State Parties- National PartiesPolicy Connection 7: Do the Two Major Parties Really Offer Different Approaches to Managing the American Economic System?The Policy ChallengeImages and RealitiesThe Role of Government in the EconomyMacroeconomic Policy ToolsEconomic Development PoliciesTrade Policies and GlobalizationTax IncentivesIndustrial and Supply-Side Policies8. Campaigns and ElectionsMyths and Realities: Do Politicians Always Break Their Campaign Promises?Campaigns and the American PublicNominations: The Selection Process- Why Do People Run for Office?- The Caucus: Old-Fashioned Politics- Primaries: The New Kid on the Block- The Changing Role of Nominating Conventions- Who Gets Nominated?The Race for Office- Financing Campaigns: The Buying and Selling of Offices?Asked and Answered: Why can't We Reduce the Role of Money in Elections as Other Nations Do?- Organizing Campaigns: The Old and the NewThe Media and Campaigns: Are We Brainwashed?Campaigns and Political PartiesVoting and Elections- Who is Allowed to Vote?- Who Votes?- Why Do People Vote the Way They Do?- The Other Elections: Referenda and InitiativesThe 2014 ElectionsThe Electoral CollegePromises, Promises: The Link Between Campaigns and Public PolicyPolicy Connection 8: Are Elections an Effective Way to Make Public Policies?The Policy ChallengeElecting a Public PolicyA Brief History of Referenda and Initiatives9. Interest GroupsMyths and Realities: Are All Interest Groups Corrupt and Self-Serving?Interest Groups, Lobbying, and CongressMovers and Shakers: Interest and Other Advocacy Groups- Interest GroupsAsked and Answered: Are College Students Represented by Interest Groups?- Lobbyists- PACs and Super PACsWhat Makes an Interest Group Powerful?- Size- Unity- Leadership- Information and Expertise- Money- Countervailing ForcesInterest-Group Tactics: "You Don't Lobby with Hundred-Dollar Bills and Wild Parties"- Lobbying- Electioneering and Policymaking- Building Coalitions- Grassroots Pressure: Power to the People- Litigation- Hard-Line TacticsInterest Groups and DemocracyPolicy Connection: How Have Some Interest Groups Been Able to Shape American Public Policies?The Policy ChallengeThe Hundred Years War10. Media and PoliticsMyths and Realities: Do the Media have the Power to Influence Public Opinion?The Tangled Trail of the Day Radio Panicked the NationThe Rise of the Media- The Early Days- The Broadcast Media- Diversity and Concentration- Government RegulationMaking NewsThe Effects of the Mass Media- Setting the Agenda- Conducting Politics in the Media: Old and NewThe Uneasy Alliance Between Government and the Media-Covering the PresidentAsked and Answered: What are Leaks, and Where Do They Come From?- Covering Congress- Covering the CourtsPolicy Connection 10: How Do Government Policies Shape the Media Landscape?The Policy ChallengeHow Government Created CorporationsAntitrust Enforcement as PolicyThat's Entertainment!11. CongressMyths and Realities: Is Congress Ineffective and Buried Under Partisan Bickering?Filibustering One's Own BillA Portrait of Congress-Stability and Change in the Make-up of CongressAsked and Answered: Why Are There So Few Women Serving in Legislative Bodies?- Getting ElectedThe Work of Congress- Making Laws- The Power to Tax- Producing the Budget- Casework- Congressional OversightThe Organization of Congress- Bicameralism- Congressional Leadership- The Committee System-The Congressional StaffHow a Bill Becomes a Law- Committee Consideration- Floor Action- Conference WorkCongressional VotingPolicy Connection 11: What Policies are Responsible for the National Debt?The Policy ChallengeThe Debt ItselfTax ExpendituresMandatory Spending and EntitlementsDiscretionary SpendingIt's Complicated...12. The PresidencyMyths and Realities: Is the President All-Powerful?They Are All MineThe Growth of the Presidency- First Presidents- The Modern PresidencyPresidential Roles- Chief of State- Chief Executive- Chief Diplomat- Commander-in-Chief- Chief LegislatorAsked and Answered: What is a Signing Statement?- The Seamless WebThe Institutional Presidency- The Cabinet- The Executive Office of the PresidentThe White House Office: Two Management Styles- The Vice PresidentPresidential Influence- Persuading Congress- Public OpinionPolicy Connection 12: Does the President Really Control American Foreign Policy?Policy ChallengeContainment ApproachesPostcontainment ApproachesThe Myth of the Grand Strategy13. BureaucracyMyths and Realities: Are Washington Bureaucrats Unresponsive and Incompetent?Cries for Help -- and Shattered ExpectationsA Profile of Federal Bureaucracy- Who Are the Bureaucrats?Asked and Answered: What are the Plum Jobs in the Federal Government?- What Do Federal Bureaucrats Do?- Where Do Civil Servants Work?- A Diverse InstitutionThe Growth of American Bureaucracy- Overview of Bureaucratic Growth- Explaining the Growth of the BureaucracyBureaucratic Power- The Sources of Bureaucratic Power- The Limits on Bureaucratic PowerBureaucratic Problems and Reforms- Bureaucratic Pathologies- Calls for ReformPolicy Connection 13: Have Poilcymakers addressed the Problems of Incompetent and Unresponsive Government?The Policy ChallengeThe Progressive ObsessionA Call for Economy and EfficiencyToward Executive EmpowermentPost-Watergate Retreat from BureaucracyEmphasis on Performance14. Courts, Judges, and the LawMyths and Realities: Are Judicial Decisions Completely Objective and Final?The Supreme Court Chooses a PresidentThe Origins and Types of American LawThe Structure of the Court SystemsThe Federal and State Court Systems- Lower Courts- The Supreme Court- Specialized Courts- State Court Systems- Interactions Among Court SystemsRecruiting and Removing Federal JudgesAsked and Answered: Are All Judges Selected the Same Way?- Who Becomes a Federal Judge?- Removing JudgesThe Supreme Court at Work- Oral Argument- Conference Work- Writing and Announcing the Opinion- Interpreting the ConstitutionThe Implementation of Court Decisions- Compliance by Other Courts- The Role of Congress and the President in Implementing Court DecisionsPolicy Connection 14: What Role Does Discretion Play in Our Criminal Justice System?The Policy ChallengeThe Four Stages of Discretion in Criminal JusticeThe Aaron Swartz CaseThe Necessary Evil (?) of Discretion15. Domestic Policy and Policymaking (available online at a href="www.oup.com/us/gitelson"www.oup.com/us/gitelson/a16. The Foreign and Defense Policy (available online at a href="www.oup.com/us/gitelson"www.oup.com/us/gitelson/aAppendix I: The Declaration of IndependenceAppendix II: The Constitution of the United States of AmericaGlossaryReferencesCreditsIndex

Editorial Reviews

"This is a good, competitive text. It offers a nice, overarching theme that can be used to frame the course and engage students." --Matthew Eshbaugh-Sosa, University of North Texas