American Religions: A Documentary History

Paperback | February 8, 2007

EditorR. Marie Griffith

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Religion has played a complex, vibrant, and multifaceted role in our nation's history. One of the most effective ways to help students explore its vitality is through primary sources. American Religions: A Documentary History is the only one-volume, up-to-date collection of primary sourcesavailable for American religious history courses. Featuring a creative dual structure--the readings are arranged both chronologically and thematically--this indispensable sourcebook can be used in both historically and topically organized courses. Balancing canonical works with those by newly discovered voices, American Religions: A Documentary History includes seventy-five classic and contemporary selections from the colonial period through the present day. It offers readings by a uniquely wide range of religiously, socially, andethnically diverse writers: theological conservatives and liberals, northerners and southerners, women and men, and African Americans and Mexican Americans alongside Anglo-Americans. The selections are long enough to stimulate serious discussion yet concise enough for students to digest easily. Thevolume is organized into six sections that cover different chronological periods, each of which contains writings on five themes: theological reflections, ritual and performance, spiritual autobiography, interreligious conflict and negotiation, and more expansive conceptualizations of religion.Enhanced by brief biographies of the authors, a general introduction, and section introductions, the text also includes two sample syllabi--one oriented toward a historical approach and the other toward a thematic approach. Ideal for introductory courses in religion in America and American religioushistory--taught both in religious studies and history departments--American Religions: A Documentary History offers students a broad yet in-depth and engaging gateway into the subject.

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Religion has played a complex, vibrant, and multifaceted role in our nation's history. One of the most effective ways to help students explore its vitality is through primary sources. American Religions: A Documentary History is the only one-volume, up-to-date collection of primary sourcesavailable for American religious history course...

R. Marie Griffith is Professor of Religion and Associate Director for the Center for the Study of Religion at Princeton University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:672 pages, 6.5 × 9.21 × 1.18 inPublished:February 8, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195170458

ISBN - 13:9780195170450

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Table of Contents

Preface for InstructorsAcknowledgmentsIntroductionI. COLONIAL SETTLEMENT TO THE 1730s1. Affirming Divine Providence: Explorers, Missionaries, and Colonizers Come to AmericaThe Bull Sublimis Deus (1537)William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation (1620-47)John Cotton, Spirituall Milk for Boston Babes in Either England (1656)2. Piety and Practice in the Colonial EraJohn Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity (1630)Increase Mather, Sleeping at Sermons Is a Great and a Dangerous Evil (1682)3. Anxious Souls: Seeking Assurance in Puritan New EnglandAnne Bradstreet, To My Dear Children (1867) and To My Dear and Loving Husband (1678)Samuel Sewall, Diary (1677-1727)4. Conflict and Violence, Gender and Ethnicity: Antinomianism and IndiansThe Examination of Mrs. Anne Hutchinson (1637)Mary Rowlandson, A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson (1682)William Penn, Letter to the Indians (1681)5. Challenges to the Established Order: Baptists, Quakers, and Witch-HuntingRoger Williams, Letter to the Town of Providence on the Limits of Religious Liberty (1654-55)William Penn, A Persuasive to Moderation to Church Dissenters, in Prudence and Conscience (1686)Cotton Mather, From Wonders of the Invisible World (1692)II. REVIVAL, REVOLUTION, AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT, 1740-18006. Debating Decorum and Religious Experience: Revivalism and the Great AwakeningJonathan Edwards, From Some Thoughts Concerning the Present Revival of Religion in New-England (1743)Charles Chauncy, From Seasonable Thoughts on the State of Religion in New-England (1743)7. Beyond New England: Southern Anglicanism, Methodist PerfectionCharles Woodmason, I Cor. 14 v. 40 Let All Things Be Done Decently and in Order (1770)John Wesley, A Plain Account of Christian Perfection (1777)8. Piety, Christian Love, and Resistance to SlaveryPhillis Wheatley, On Being Brought from Africa to America (1773), On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield (1770), and Thoughts on the Works of Providence (1773)John Woolman, From The Journal of John Woolman and On Silent Worship9. Bringing Outsiders In: More Encounters with Indians, Early American JewsDavid Brainerd, From Journal (1745)The Petition of the Philadelphia Synagogue to Council of Censors of Pennsylvania (1783)10. Enlightenment Views of Religious Tolerance and LibertyThomas Jefferson, A Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom (1779)James Madison, Memorial and Remonstrance Against Religious Assessments (1785)Hannah Adams, From An Alphabetical Compendium of the Various Sects Which Have Appeared in the World from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Present Day (1784)III. FROM NEW REPUBLIC TO DIVIDED NATION, 1800-6511. New Theologies Absorb Old Orthodoxies: Mormonism, Transcendentalism, CommunitarianismJoseph Smith, The Articles of Faith (1842) and Revelation (1835)Ralph Waldo Emerson, Harvard Divinity School Address (1838)12. Diverse Modes of Religious ConversionElizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, Letters (1805)Charles Grandison Finney, From Memoirs (1876)Bishop Innocent Veniaminov, Instructions to the Priest-Monk Theophan (1853)13. Slave Religion and African American ResistanceJarena Lee, From The Life and Religious Experience of Jarena Lee (1836)Frederick Douglass, From Narrative of the Life of an American Slave (1845)14. Evangelicalism, Abolitionism, and Pro-Slavery ChristianityAngelina Emily Grimke, Appeal to the Christian Women of the South (1836)Catharine E. Beecher, Essay on Slavery and Abolitionism (1837)George D. Armstrong, From The Christian Doctrine of Slavery (1857)15. Europeans Attempt to Define Religion in AmericaAlexis de Tocqueville, From Democracy in America (1835)Phillip Schaff, From America (1855)IV. SCIENCE, IMMIGRATION, AND CONSUMER CAPITALISM, 1865-192016. Darwinism, the Social Gospel, and the Gospel of WealthJames Woodrow, Evolution (1884)Russell Herman Conwell, From Acres of Diamonds (1890)Walter Rauschenbusch, From A Theology for the Social Gospel (1917)17. Reshaping Aged Creed: Reform Judaism, New Thought, Black ProtestPittsburgh Platform (1885)Ralph Waldo Trine, From In Tune with the Infinite (1897)W. E. B. Du Bois, The Sorrow Songs (1903), Credo (1904), and A Litany of Atlanta (1906)18. Narratives of Americanization and ResistanceBlack Elk, From Black Elk Speaks: Being the Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux (1932)Mary Antin, The Promised Land (1912)19. Conflicts of Immigration and ImmigrantsJosiah Strong, From Our Country (1886)Alexis Toth, Meeting with Archbishop John Ireland (1889)Mabel Potter Daggett, The Heathen Invasion of America (1912)20. Turning Outward: The Early Comparative Study of ReligionJames Freeman Clarke, The Ten Religions and Christianity (1891)Swami Vivekananda, Hinduism as a Religion and Farewell (1893)William James, From The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902)V. FROM FUNDAMENTALISM TO CIVIL RIGHTS, 1920-6521. Fundamentalism, Liberalism, and Neo-orthodoxyHarry Emerson Fosdick, Shall the Fundamentalists Win? (1922)Reinhold Niebuhr, From The Irony of American History (1952)22. Jewish Observance and Catholic SacramentalismAbraham Joshua Heschel, From God in Search of Man (1955)Thomas Merton, From New Seeds of Contemplation (1961)23. Alienation, Dissidence, and Rebellion Against Traditional AuthoritiesDorothy Day, From The Long Loneliness (1952)Jack Kerouac, From Dharma Bums (1958)24. Black Encounters with World Religions and the Struggle Against RacismHoward Thurman, What We May Learn from India (1936) and Howard and Sue Bailey Thurman Meet with Mahatma Gandhi (1936)Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham City Jail (1963)Malcolm X, Letters from Abroad (1964)25. The "American Way of Life" and Its CriticsWill Herberg, From Protestant-Catholic-Jew (1955)VI. MULTIPLICITY, PLURALISM, AND CONFLICT AFTER 196526. The 1960s and Beyond: Theological Responses to Social and Political CrisesMary Daly, From Beyond God the Father (1973)Cornel West, Christian Theological Mediocrity (1984)Stanley Hauerwas, Gay Friendship: A Thought Experiment in Catholic Moral Theology (1998)27. Ritual, Practice, and Spiritual Poetry in a Pluralistic SocietyAvery Dulles, S.J., The Ways We Worship (1998)Joseph Goldstein and Jack Kornfield, From Seeking the Heart of Wisdom (1987)Joy Harjo, Eagle Poem (1990)Lucille Clifton, spring song (1987), the light that came to lucille clifton (1980), and testament (1980)28. Religious Outings: Multiple Spiritual Personalities in a Post-Sixties AmericaMel White, From Stranger at the Gate (1994)29. Religion and Conflict after 9/11Franklin Graham, From The Name (2002)Letter to Franklin Graham from the Council on American-Islamic Relations (2002)Richard Rodriguez, Danger and Grace--Sept. 11 and America's Religious Moment30. Privatization, Secularization, and Religious Flourishing: The Enduring Challenges of Religious Expression in AmericaRobert N. Bellah, From Habits of the Heart (1985)U.S. Department of Education, Religious Expression in Public Schools (1995)Jeffrey L. Stout, Democracy and Tradition (2004)