An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914 by J.P. DaughtonAn Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914 by J.P. Daughton

An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914

byJ.P. Daughton

Paperback | July 31, 2008

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Between 1880 and 1914, tens of thousands of men and women left France for distant religious missions, driven by the desire to spread the word of Jesus Christ, combat Satan, and convert the world's pagans to Catholicism. But they were not the only ones with eyes fixed on foreign shores. Just asthe Catholic missionary movement reached its apex, the young, staunchly secular Third Republic launched the most aggressive campaign of colonial expansion in French history. Missionaries and republicans abroad knew they had much to gain from working together, but their starkly different motivationsregularly led them to view one another with resentment, distrust, and even fear. In An Empire Divided, J.P. Daughton tells the story of how troubled relations between Catholic missionaries and a host of republican critics shaped colonial policies, Catholic perspectives, and domestic French politics in the tumultuous decades before the First World War. With case studies onIndochina, Polynesia, and Madagascar, An Empire Divided--the first book to examine the role of religious missionaries in shaping French colonialism--challenges the long-held view that French colonizing and "civilizing" goals were shaped by a distinctly secular republican ideology built onEnlightenment ideals. By exploring the experiences of Catholic missionaries, one of the largest groups of French men and women working abroad, Daughton argues that colonial policies were regularly wrought in the fires of religious discord--discord that indigenous communities exploited in respondingto colonial rule. After decades of conflict, Catholics and republicans in the empire ultimately buried many of their disagreements by embracing a notion of French civilization that awkwardly melded both Catholic and republican ideals. But their entente came at a price, with both sides compromising long-held andmuch-cherished traditions for the benefit of establishing and maintaining authority. Focusing on the much-neglected intersection of politics, religion, and imperialism, Daughton offers a new understanding of both the nature of French culture and politics at the fin de siecle, as well as the power ofthe colonial experience to reshape European's most profound beliefs.
J.P. Daughton is Assistant Professor of History at Stanford University.
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Title:An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.68 inPublished:July 31, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195374010

ISBN - 13:9780195374018

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Table of Contents

Part One: They Shall Cast Out DevilsIntroduction: Empire in an Age of Discord1. The Origins and Traditions of the Catholic Missionary MovementPart Two: Indochina2. Defining French Influence in Indochina3. Civilizing and Its DiscontentsPart Three: Tahiti and the Marquesas4. Silent Sisters in the South Seas5. When Civilization Destroyed ParadisePart Four: Madagascar6. Qui dit Francais dit catholique7. How British Protestants Helped Save French CatholicismPart Five: From the Empire to the Mere-Patrie8. Martyrs, Patriots, FrenchmenConclusion: Finding France AbroadAppendixNotes

Editorial Reviews

"A thoroughly absorbing and informative book which should appeal across the board."--French History