Ancestral Landscapes in Human Evolution: Culture, Childrearing and Social Wellbeing

Hardcover | April 4, 2014

EditorDarcia Narvaez, Kristin Valentino, Agustin Fuentes

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The social contexts in which children develop have transformed over recent decades, but also over millennia. Modern parenting practices have diverged greatly from ancestral practices, which included natural childbirth, extensive and on-demand breastfeeding, constant touch, responsiveness tothe needs of the child, free play in nature with multiple-aged playmates, and multiple adult caregivers. Only recently have scientists begun to document the outcomes for the presence or absence of such parenting practices, but early results indicate that psychological wellbeing is impacted by thesefactors. Ancestral Landscapes in Human Evolution addresses how a shift in the way we parent can influence child outcomes. It examines evolved contexts for mammalian development, optimal and suboptimal contexts for human evolved needs, and the effects on children's development and human wellbeing. Bringingtogether an interdisciplinary set of renowned contributors, this volume examines how different parenting styles and cultural personality influence one another. Chapters discuss the nature of childrearing, social relationships, the range of personalities people exhibit, the social and moral skillsexpected of adults, and what "wellbeing" looks like. As a solid knowledge base regarding normal development is considered integral to understanding psychopathology, this volume also focuses on the effects of early childhood maltreatment. By increasing our understanding of basic mammalian emotional and motivational needs in contexts representative ofour ancestral conditions, we may be in a better position to facilitate changes in social structures and systems that better support optimal human development. This book will be a unique resource for researchers and students in psychology, anthropology, and psychiatry, as well as professionals in public health, social work, clinical psychology, and early care and education.

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The social contexts in which children develop have transformed over recent decades, but also over millennia. Modern parenting practices have diverged greatly from ancestral practices, which included natural childbirth, extensive and on-demand breastfeeding, constant touch, responsiveness tothe needs of the child, free play in nature wi...

Darcia Narvaez is Professor of Psychology at the University of Notre Dame. Dr. Narvaez's research focuses on moral development through the lifespan. Her theories include how early life affects the neurobiology underpinning of moral functioning (triune ethics theory), how evolved parenting practices may foster optimal moral functioning ...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:384 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:April 4, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199964254

ISBN - 13:9780199964253

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsAbout the EditorsContributorsSECTION ONE: Baselines For Human Mammalian Development1. Darcia Narvaez, Peter Gray, James J. McKenna, Agustin Fuentes, and Kristin Valentino: Children's Development in Light of Evolution and Culture2. Frances A. Champagne: The Epigenetics of Mammalian ParentingEric E. Nelson: Commentary: As Time Goes By, A Touch is More Than Just a Touch3. Amanda M. Dettmer, Stephen J. Suomi, and Katherine Hinde: Nonhuman primate models of mental health: Early life experiences affect developmental trajectoriesJames J. McKenna: Commentary: Look how far we have come: A bit of consilience in elucidating the role of caregivers in relationship to their developing primate infants and childrenSECTION TWO: Evolution's Baseline: Hunter Gatherer Contexts4. Gilda Morelli, Paula Ivey Henry, and Steffen Foerster: Relationships and Resource Uncertainty: Cooperative Development of Efe Hunter-Gatherer Infants and ToddlersKathy Kendall-Tackett: Commentary: Social Connectedness vs. Mothers on Their Own: Research on Hunter-Gather Tribes Highlights the Lack of Support Mothers and Babies Receive in the U.S.5. Karen L. Endicott and Kirk M. Endicott: Batek childrearing and moralityMichael Jindra: Commentary: Parenting in the Modern Jungle6. Barry Hewlett and Jennifer W. Roulette: Cosleeping Beyond Infancy: Culture, Ecology, and Evolutionary Biology of Bedsharing among Aka Foragers and Ngandu Farmers of Central AfricaWendy Middlemiss: Commentary: Intertwining the Influences of Culture and Ecology Broadens a Definition of the Importance of Closeness in Care7. Douglas Fry: The Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness, rough-and-tumble play, and the selection of restraint in human aggressionRiane Eisler: Commentary: Evolutionary Adaptation and Violent Aggression: From Myths to Realities8. Peter Gray: The Play Theory of Hunter-Gatherer EgalitarianismMarc Bekoff: Commentary: Comparative Studies of Social Play, Fairness, and Fitness: What We Know and Where We Should be HeadingSECTION THREE: Contexts for the Evolution of Families and Children9. Joan Roughgarden and Zhiyuan Song: Incentives in the family I: The family firm, an evolutionary/economic theory for parent-offspring relations10. Agustin Fuentes: Preliminary steps towards addressing the role of non-adult individuals in human evolutionMelvin Konner: Commentary: Conflict and evolutionSECTION FOUR: Contexts Gone Awry11. Kristin Valentino, Michelle Comas, and Amy K. Nuttall: Child Maltreatment and Early Mother-Child InteractionsAlyssa Crittenden: Commentary: Ancestral attachment: How the evolutionary foundation of attachment informs our understanding of child maltreatment interventions12. Robyn Bluhm and Ruth A. Lanius: The Importance of the Developmental Perspective in Evolutionary Discussions of PTSDPierre Lienard: Commentary: The modeling of complex PTSD can benefit from the careful integration of evolutionary and developmental accounts13. Eugene Halton: From the Emergent Drama of Interpretation to EnscreenmentJonathan Marks: Commentary: Darwinism and ChildrenSECTION FIVE: Child Flourishing14. Tracy Gleason and Darcia Narvaez: Children's Environments and Flourishing15. James McKenna: Postscript: Back to the FutureIndex