Ancient and Modern Assyrians by George V. Yana (Bebla)

Ancient and Modern Assyrians

byGeorge V. Yana (Bebla)

Kobo ebook | March 22, 2013

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Assyria, (the northern part of present day Iraq), was a state grouped about the heavily fortified city of Ashur, on the middle of the Tigris River. Assyrians had become civilized in the third millennium BC, under the impetus of Mesopotamian development. They created the first empire known to history that was run by an empire administration. The empire created by Sargon Sharukin, much earlier in the third millennium, did not have an administration to hold it together. Toward the close of the Bronze Age (1700-1200 BC) Assyrians had expanded westward to the middle of the Euphrates river, and in the south they held Babylon temporarily. Tiglat-Pileser I (1114-1076) extended Assyrian rule to the Mediterranean. But, Adadnirari II (911-891 BC) may be called the father of Assyrian imperial administration. Empire building was a necessity of economic development, which was based on the technological advances caused by the introduction of iron and the alphabet. International trade was necessary for the growth of industry and manufacture, and the Assyrians became the tools to carry out this historic economic necessity. The Assyrian army was the first army to use iron arms. The Assyrian Empire was defeated, in 612 BC, by an alliance of Medes, Persians (Iran), Babylonians, and Cythians. Since then, Assyria has been governed by Persians, Greeks, Arabs and Turks. The Assyrians were the first non-Jewish people to accept Christianity, and since then, Christianity has become their identity. They burned all their ancient books that reminded them of their pagan kings. Thus, with time, a dark cloud was cast over their memories that separated them from their glorious past. But, now and then, there were sparks from the remote past that testified to the persistence of memory. Only recently has the full national awareness been restored. This book sets out to demonstrate that the Assyrians were not all massacred during the destruction of their country in 612 BC, and that they have emerged as a Christian people in Assyria (northern Iraq) and the neighboring countries.
Title:Ancient and Modern AssyriansFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:March 22, 2013Publisher:XlibrisLanguage:English

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