Ancient DNA: Methods and Protocols by Beth ShapiroAncient DNA: Methods and Protocols by Beth Shapiro

Ancient DNA: Methods and Protocols

EditorBeth Shapiro, Michael Hofreiter

Hardcover | January 16, 2012

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Research into ancient DNA began more than 25 years ago with the publication of short mitochondrial DNA sequence fragments from the quagga, an extinct relative of the zebra. Ancient DNA research really gained momentum following the invention of PCR, which allowed millions of copies to be made of the few remaining DNA molecules preserved in fossils and museum specimens.  In Ancient DNA: Methods and Protocols expert researchers in the field describe many of the protocols that are now commonly used to study ancient DNA. These include instructions for setting up an ancient DNA laboratory, extraction protocols for a wide range of different substrates, details of laboratory techniques including PCR and NGS library preparation, and suggestions for appropriate analytical approaches to make sense of the sequences obtained. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyT series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Ancient DNA: Methods and Protocols seeks to aid scientists in the further study of ancient DNA and the methodological approaches in ancient research.
Title:Ancient DNA: Methods and ProtocolsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:259 pagesPublished:January 16, 2012Publisher:Humana PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1617795151

ISBN - 13:9781617795152

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Table of Contents

PrefaceB. Shapiro* and M. Hofreiter Chapter 1:  Setting Up An Ancient DNA LaboratoryT. L. Fulton* Chapter 2: A Phenol-Chloroform Protocol for Extracting DNA from Ancient SamplesR. Barnett* and G. Larson Chapter 3: DNA Extraction of Ancient Animal Hard Tissue Samples via Adsorption to Silica ParticlesN. Rohland* Chapter 4: ­­Case Study: Recovery of ancient nuclear DNA from Toe Pads of the Extinct Passenger Pigeon  T. L. Fulton*, S. M. Wagner and B. Shapiro Chapter 5: Extraction of DNA from PaleofecesM. Kuch and H. Poinar* Chapter 6: DNA Extraction from Keratin and ChitinP. F. Campos, M. T. P. Gilbert* Chapter 7: Case Study:  Ancient sloth DNA Recovered from Hairs Preserved in Paleofeces A.A. Clack*, R.D.E. MacPhee, H.N. Poinar Chapter 8: Ancient DNA Extraction from Soils and SedimentsJ. Haile* Chapter 9: DNA Extraction from Fossil EggshellC. L. Oskam and M. Bunce* Chapter 10: Ancient DNA Extraction from PlantsL. Kistler* Chapter 11: DNA Extraction from Formalin-fixed MaterialP. F. Campos, M. T. P. Gilbert* Chapter 12: Case Study: Ancient DNA recovered from Pleistocene-age Remains of a Florida Armadillo B. Letts and B. Shapiro* Chapter 13: Non-destructive DNA Extraction from Museum SpecimensM. Hofreiter* Chapter 14: Case Study: Using a Non-destructive DNA Extraction Method to Generate mtDNA Sequences from Historical Chimpanzee Specimens E. Mohandesan, S. Prost, M. Hofreiter* Chapter 15: PCR Amplification, Cloning and Sequencing of Ancient DNAT. L. Fulton* and M. Stiller Chapter 16: Quantitative Real-time PCR in aDNA Research M. Bunce*, C. L. Oskam, M. E. Allentoft Chapter 17: Multiplex PCR Amplification of Ancient DNAM. Stiller*, T. L. Fulton Chapter 18: Preparation of Next-generation Sequencing Libraries from Damaged DNAA. W. Briggs*, P. Heyn Chapter 19: Generating Barcoded Libraries for Multiplex High-throughput Sequencing  M. Knapp*, M. Stiller, M. Meyer Chapter 20: Case Study: Targeted high-throughput Sequencing of Mitochondrial Genomes from Extinct Cave Bears via Direct Multiplex PCR Sequencing (DMPS)M. Stiller* Chapter 21: Target Enrichment via DNA Hybridization CaptureS. Horn* Chapter 22: Case Study: Enrichment of Ancient Mitochondrial DNA by Hybridization Capture  S. Horn* Chapter 23: Analysis of High-throughput Ancient DNA Sequencing DataM. Kircher* Chapter 24: Phylogenetic Analysis of Ancient DNA using BEASTS. Y. W. Ho* E. Mohandesan, S. Prost, M. Hofreiter* Chapter 15: PCR Amplification, Cloning and Sequencing of Ancient DNAT. L. Fulton* and M. Stiller Chapter 16: Quantitative Real-time PCR in aDNA Research M. Bunce*, C. L. Oskam, M. E. Allentoft Chapter 17: Multiplex PCR Amplification of Ancient DNAM. Stiller*, T. L. Fulton Chapter 18: Preparation of Next-generation Sequencing Libraries from Damaged DNAA. W. Briggs*, P. Heyn Chapter 19: Generating Barcoded Libraries for Multiplex High-throughput Sequencing  M. Knapp*, M. Stiller, M. Meyer Chapter 20: Case Study: Targeted high-throughput Sequencing of Mitochondrial Genomes from Extinct Cave Bears via Direct Multiplex PCR Sequencing (DMPS)M. Stiller* Chapter 21: Target Enrichment via DNA Hybridization CaptureS. Horn* Chapter 22: Case Study: Enrichment of Ancient Mitochondrial DNA by Hybridization Capture  S. Horn* Chapter 23: Analysis of High-throughput Ancient DNA Sequencing DataM. Kircher* Chapter 24: Phylogenetic Analysis of Ancient DNA using BEASTS. Y. W. Ho* T. L. Fulton* Chapter 2: A Phenol-Chloroform Protocol for Extracting DNA from Ancient SamplesR. Barnett* and G. Larson Chapter 3: DNA Extraction of Ancient Animal Hard Tissue Samples via Adsorption to Silica ParticlesN. Rohland* Chapter 4: ­­Case Study: Recovery of ancient nuclear DNA from Toe Pads of the Extinct Passenger Pigeon  T. L. Fulton*, S. M. Wagner and B. Shapiro Chapter 5: Extraction of DNA from PaleofecesM. Kuch and H. Poinar* Chapter 6: DNA Extraction from Keratin and ChitinP. F. Campos, M. T. P. Gilbert* Chapter 7: Case Study:  Ancient sloth DNA Recovered from Hairs Preserved in Paleofeces A.A. Clack*, R.D.E. MacPhee, H.N. Poinar Chapter 8: Ancient DNA Extraction from Soils and SedimentsJ. Haile* Chapter 9: DNA Extraction from Fossil EggshellC. L. Oskam and M. Bunce* Chapter 10: Ancient DNA Extraction from PlantsL. Kistler* Chapter 11: DNA Extraction from Formalin-fixed MaterialP. F. Campos, M. T. P. Gilbert* Chapter 12: Case Study: Ancient DNA recovered from Pleistocene-age Remains of a Florida Armadillo B. Letts and B. Shapiro* Chapter 13: Non-destructive DNA Extraction from Museum SpecimensM. Hofreiter* Chapter 14: Case Study: Using a Non-destructive DNA Extraction Method to Generate mtDNA Sequences from Historical Chimpanzee Specimens E. Mohandesan, S. Prost, M. Hofreiter* Chapter 15: PCR Amplification, Cloning and Sequencing of Ancient DNAT. L. Fulton* and M. Stiller Chapter 16: Quantitative Real-time PCR in aDNA Research M. Bunce*, C. L. Oskam, M. E. Allentoft Chapter 17: Multiplex PCR Amplification of Ancient DNAM. Stiller*, T. L. Fulton Chapter 18: Preparation of Next-generation Sequencing Libraries from Damaged DNAA. W. Briggs*, P. Heyn Chapter 19: Generating Barcoded Libraries for Multiplex High-throughput Sequencing  M. Knapp*, M. Stiller, M. Meyer Chapter 20: Case Study: Targeted high-throughput Sequencing of Mitochondrial Genomes from Extinct Cave Bears via Direct Multiplex PCR Sequencing (DMPS)M. Stiller* Chapter 21: Target Enrichment via DNA Hybridization CaptureS. Horn* Chapter 22: Case Study: Enrichment of Ancient Mitochondrial DNA by Hybridization Capture  S. Horn* Chapter 23: Analysis of High-throughput Ancient DNA Sequencing DataM. Kircher* Chapter 24: Phylogenetic Analysis of Ancient DNA using BEASTS. Y. W. Ho* E. Mohandesan, S. Prost, M. Hofreiter* Chapter 15: PCR Amplification, Cloning and Sequencing of Ancient DNAT. L. Fulton* and M. Stiller Chapter 16: Quantitative Real-time PCR in aDNA Research M. Bunce*, C. L. Oskam, M. E. Allentoft Chapter 17: Multiplex PCR Amplification of Ancient DNAM. Stiller*, T. L. Fulton Chapter 18: Preparation of Next-generation Sequencing Libraries from Damaged DNAA. W. Briggs*, P. Heyn Chapter 19: Generating Barcoded Libraries for Multiplex High-throughput Sequencing  M. Knapp*, M. Stiller, M. Meyer Chapter 20: Case Study: Targeted high-throughput Sequencing of Mitochondrial Genomes from Extinct Cave Bears via Direct Multiplex PCR Sequencing (DMPS)M. Stiller* Chapter 21: Target Enrichment via DNA Hybridization CaptureS. Horn* Chapter 22: Case Study: Enrichment of Ancient Mitochondrial DNA by Hybridization Capture  S. Horn* Chapter 23: Analysis of High-throughput Ancient DNA Sequencing DataM. Kircher* Chapter 24: Phylogenetic Analysis of Ancient DNA using BEASTS. Y. W. Ho*