This volume brings together new writings on different aspects of ancient Indian history like gender, archaeology, religion, landscapes, and literature. The contributors, mostly bright young scholars come from fields like history, archaeology, literary studies, and anthropology. They underlineimportant methodological advances in the interpretation of literary and archaeological sources and in raising new and creative historical questions. Together they generate a unique, fresh dialogue, discussion and debate among scholars working within the field of ancient Indian history. Theintroduction written by Upinder Singh and Nayanjot Lahiri not only surveys the new writings but also raises important questions confronting ancient Indian history today. This book will be of immense interest to scholars, teachers, and students of ancient and early medieval history, archaeology, and anthropology.