Animal Models in Cardiovascular Research by D.R. GrossAnimal Models in Cardiovascular Research by D.R. Gross

Animal Models in Cardiovascular Research

byD.R. Gross

Paperback | October 5, 2011

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Title:Animal Models in Cardiovascular ResearchFormat:PaperbackPublished:October 5, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401087172

ISBN - 13:9789401087179


Table of Contents

1: General Principles of Animal Selection, Pre- and Post-Operative Care, Preanesthesia, Chemical Restraint and Analgesia.- 1. Physical examination.- 2. Normal physiological parameters.- 3. Animal behavior considerations.- 4. Special requirement considerations.- 5. The use of anticholinergic drugs for preanesthesia.- 6. Preanesthetic agents.- 7. Recognition of pain and the use of analgesics.- 2: Cardiovascular Effects of the Opiods.- 1. Morphine.- 2. Meperidine.- 3. Methadone.- 4. Pentazocine.- 5. Fentanyl.- 6. Oxymorphone.- 7. Naloxone.- 8. Etorphine.- 9. Others.- 3: Cardiovascular Effects of the Tranquilizers.- 1. Phenothiazine derivatives.- 2. Butyrophenones.- 3. Benzodiazephines.- 4. Rauwolfia derivatives.- 5. Xylazine.- 4: Cardiovascular Effects of Other Drugs Commonly Used in Cardiovascular Research.- 1. Combinations.- 2. Neuromuscular blocking agents.- 3. Skeletal muscle relaxants.- 4. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents.- 5. Antibiotics.- to the Anesthetic Agents.- 5: Cardiovascular Effects of Intravenous Anesthetic Agents.- 1. Barbiturates.- 2. Alpha-chloralose.- 3. Urethane.- 4. Alpha-chloralose and urethane combined.- 6: Cardiovascular Effects of Inhalant Anesthetic Agents.- 1. Halothane.- 2. Enflurane.- 3. Methoxyflurane and Isoflurane.- 4. Diethyl ether.- 5. Nitrous oxide.- 6. Cyclopropane, Chloroform, Fluroxene and Trichlorethylene.- 7: Cardiovascular Effects of Halucinogens, Neurolept Analgesic/Anesthetic Combinations and Steroid Anesthetics.- 1. Ketamine.- 2. Ketamine-tranquilizer combinations.- 3. Tranquilizer - opiod combinations.- 4. Guaifenesin and the steroid anesthetics.- 8: Effects of Chemical Restraint and Anesthesia on Blood Glucose Levels.- 1. Opiods.- 2. Tranquilizers.- 3. Xylazine.- 4. Barbiturates.- 5. Urethane.- 6. Inhalent anesthesia.- 7. Neurolept analgesics/anesthetics.- 8. Droperidol and Fentanyl.- 9: Normal Cardiovascular Parameters from Intact, Awake Animals.- 1. Dogs.- 2. Cats.- 3. Rats.- 4. Rabbits.- 5. Sheep.- 6. Calves.- 7. Pigs.- 8. Ponies.- 9. Primates.- 10: Naturally Occurring Models of Cardiovascular Disease.- 11: Iatrogenic Models for Studying Heart Disease.- 1. Heart failure models.- a. Increased ventricular workload.- 1) Pressure overload.- 2) Volume overload.- 3) Valvular insufficiencies and stenoses.- b. Pulmonary embolism.- c. Production of heart block and severe arrhythmias.- d. Coronary ischemia.- e. Cardiac tamponade.- f. Radiation - induced.- g. Repetitive direct current...- h. Neurogenic stress in adrenal- ectomized subjects.- 2. Portal hypertension models.- 3. Isolated heart preparations.- 4. Microvascular studies.- 5. Organ culture.- 6. Streptococcal rheumatic carditis.- 12: Animal Models of Atherosclerosis.- 1. Quantification techniques.- 2. Pathogenesis.- 3. Natural occurrence.- 4. Specific animal models.- a. Rabbits.- b. Birds.- c. Dogs.- d. Rats.- e. Pigs.- f. Non-human primates.- 5. Regression studies.- 13: Animal Models of Hypertension.- 1. Renovascular hypertension.- a. Goldblatt preparations.- b. Aortic coarctation.- c. Perinephritis.- 2. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).- 3. Dahl salt-sensitive rats.- 4. Salt and DOCA - salt models.- 5. Neurogenic hypertension and the central component.- 14: In-Vivo Measurements, Pitfalls and Problems of Instrumentation.- 1. Transduction of physiological events.- 2. Recording.- 3. Measuring electrical events.- 4. Measuring force and pressure events.- 5. Measuring interstitial fluid pressures.- 6. Measuring pressure in the micro-vasculature.- 7. Indirect techniques for measuring arterial pressures.- 8. Measuring flow events.- a. Indicator dilution techniques.- b. Electromagnetic flowmeters.- c. Ultrasonic flowmeters.- d. Catheter - tip velocity meters.- e. Hot - film anemometers.- 9. Measuring chemical events.- 10. Measuring dimension changes.- a. Strain gauges.- b. Ultrasonic dimension gauges.- c. Radiographic techniques.- 11. Measuring temperature changes.- 12. Calculation and/or measurement of volumes.- 13. Use of the microsphere technique for estimating tissue blood flows.