Animal Motivation by Patrick ColganAnimal Motivation by Patrick Colgan

Animal Motivation

byPatrick Colgan

Paperback | October 17, 2011

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The topic of animal motivation deals with how and why animals engage in particular activities: what mechanisms inside the animal generate behaviour, how stimuli from the external environment in­ fluence these mechanisms, and how this behaviour is beneficial to the animal. The topic is thus central both to academic studies in psychology and zoology and to applied matters in domestic species. Motivation has not been an area of great emphasis in the past 10-15 years but there is now a growing realization that it should receive greater attention. Drawing on concepts and observations from a number of areas, this book provides an overview of the motiva­ tional processes which determine the choices, timing, and sequencing which are characteristic of animal behaviour. Data and theory from ethology, psychology, and evolutionary biology are synthesized into a contemporary framework for analysing such central features of behaviour as persistence in activities and goal orientation. Principles of motivational analysis are discussed and illustrated with specific case studies. The successive chapters deal with ethological, phy­ siological, and ecological approaches involving experimental work on a diversity of vertebrate and invertebrate species. Ethological topics include the interaction of external stimuli and internal states, mechanisms of choice, quantitative models of motivation, conflict between tendencies for different activities, and behavioural homeos­ tasis. The review of physiological research focuses on hunger, the activating roles of nerves and hormones, and the examination of animals with small nervous systems.
Title:Animal MotivationFormat:PaperbackDimensions:9.25 × 6.1 × 0.68 inPublished:October 17, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401068607

ISBN - 13:9789401068604

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- 1.1 Tinbergen's framework.- 1.2 The key processes.- 1.3 Historical background of ethology and psychology.- 1.4 The concepts of instinct and drive.- 2 Ethology of motivation.- 2.1 Some behavioural concepts.- 2.2 Ontogeny of feeding in chicks.- 2.3 Motivation as a constraint on learning.- 2.4 Combination of factors.- 2.5 Interactions between motivational systems.- 2.6 Quantitative models for motivational processes.- 2.7 Cognitive approaches.- 3 Physiology of motivation.- 3.1 Invertebrate systems.- 3.2 Homeostasis.- 3.3 Arousal and the reticular activating system in cats.- 3.4 Hunger and brain lesions in rats.- 3.5 Hormones and sexual drives in canaries and lizards.- 3.6 Conclusions.- 4 Ecology of motivation.- 4.1 Optimal behaviour.- 4.2 Matching and maximizing.- 4.3 Individual differences.- 4.4 Hunger and foraging.- 4.5 Signalling of intentions.- Overview.- References.- Author index.