Anthropology: What Does it Mean to Be Human? Canadian Edition by Robert H. Lavenda

Anthropology: What Does it Mean to Be Human? Canadian Edition

byRobert H. Lavenda, Emily A. Schultz, Cynthia Zutter

Paperback | February 11, 2016

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Anthropology asks what it means to be human, incorporating answers from all four major subfields of anthropology - biological anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology - as well as applied anthropology. Fully conveying the richness of the discipline, thisdetailed yet accessible introduction helps students gain a deeper understanding of the human condition by looking at themselves and the world around them through an anthropological lens.

About The Author

Robert H. Lavenda is professor of anthropology and co-chair of the Department of Anthropology at St. Cloud State University. Emily A. Schultz is professor of Anthropology at St. Cloud State University. Cynthia Zutter is professor in the Department of Anthropology, Economics and Political Science at MacEwan University. She has taugh...
Anthropology: What Does It Mean to be Human?
Anthropology: What Does It Mean to be Human?

by Robert H. Lavenda

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Core Concepts in Cultural Anthropology

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Title:Anthropology: What Does it Mean to Be Human? Canadian EditionFormat:PaperbackDimensions:576 pages, 11 × 8.5 × 0.63 inPublished:February 11, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199012865

ISBN - 13:9780199012862

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Table of Contents

Note: All chapters end with:- Chapter summary- For Review sections- Key terms- Suggested readings1. What Is Anthropology?- What Is Anthropology?- What Is the Concept of Culture?- What Makes Anthropology a Cross-Disciplinary Discipline?- Biological Anthropology- Cultural Anthropology- Linguistic Anthropology- Archaeology- Applied Anthropology- Medical Anthropology- The Uses of Anthropology2. Why Is the Concept of Culture Important?- How Do Anthropologists Define Culture?- Culture, History, and Human Agency- Why Do Cultural Differences Matter?- How Can Cultural Relativity Improve Our Understanding of Controversial Cultural Practices?- Does Culture Explain Everything?- The Promise of the Anthropological Perspective3. Why Is Evolution Important to Anthropologists?- What Is Evolutionary Theory?- What Material Evidence Is There for Evolution?- Pre-Darwinian Views of the Natural World- What Is Natural Selection?- How Did Biologists Learn about Genes?- Genotype, Phenotype, and the Norm of Reaction- What Does Evolution Mean to Anthropologists?4. What Can Evolutionary Theory Tell Us about Human Variation?- What Is Microevolution?- Skin Colour- Intelligence- What Is Macroevolution?- Can We Predict the Future of Human Evolution?5. What Can the Study of Primates Tell Us about Human Beings?- What Are Primates?- How Do Anthropologists Classify Primates?- What Do We Know About the Kinds of Primates Living Today?- Are There Patterns in Primate Evolution?- How Do Paleoanthropologists Reconstruct Primate Evolutionary History?6. What Can the Fossil Record Tell Us about Human Origins?- What is Hominin Evolution?- Who Were the First Hominins (6-3 mya)?- Who Were the Later Australopiths (3-1.5 mya)?- How Can Anthropologists Explain the Human Transition?- What Do We Know about Early Homo (2.4-1.5 mya)?- Who Was Homo Erectus (1.8-0.3 mya)?- What Happened to Homo Erectus?- How Did Homo Sapiens Evolve?- Who Were the Neanderthals (230,000-27,000 Years Ago)?- What Do We Know about the Tool Tradition and Culture of the Middle Paleolithic/Middle Stone Age?- What Do We Know about Anatomically Modern Humans (200,000 Years Ago to Present)?- What Do We Know About the Upper Paleolithic/Late Stone Age (40,000?-10,000 Years Ago)- What Happened to the Neanderthals?- How Many Kinds of Upper Paleolithic/Late Stone Age Cultures Were There?- Where Did Modern Homo Sapiens Migrate in Late Pleistocene Times?- Two Million Years of Human EvolutionFocus on Four Fields: Biological Anthropology: Bioarchaeology and the Analysis of Human Remains7. How Do We Know about the Human Past?- What Is Archaeology?- How Do Archaeologists Interpret the Past?- Whose Past Is It?- Plundering the Past- Contemporary Trends in ArchaeologyFocus on Four Fields: Archaeology: Dating Methods in Archaeology and Paleoanthropology8. Why Did Humans Settle Down, Build Cities, and Establish States?- How Is the Human Imagination Entangled with the Material World?- Is Plant Cultivation a Form of Niche Construction?- How Do Anthropologists Explain the Origins of Animal Domestication?- How Do Anthropologists Explain the Development of Domestication?- How Did Domestication, Cultivation, and Sedentism Begin in Southwestern Asia?- What Were the Consequences of Domestication and Sedentism?- How Do Anthropologists Define Social Complexity?- What Is the Archaeological Evidence for Social Complexity?- How Can Anthropologists Explain the Rise of Complex Societies?9. Why Is Understanding Human Language Important?- How Do We Communicate without Language?- How Are Language and Culture Related?- What Makes Human Language Distinctive?- What Does It Mean to "Learn" a Language?- What Happens when Languages Come into Contact?- What Is Linguistic Inequality?- How Do Issues of Language Use and Gender Intersect?- What Is Lost If a Language Dies?- How Are Language and Truth Connected?Focus on Four Fields: Linguistic Anthropology: Components of Language10. How Do We Make Meaning?- What Is Play?- What Is Art?- What Is Myth?- What Is Ritual?- How Are World View and Symbolic Practice Related?- What Are Symbols?- What Is Religion?- World Views in Operation: Two Case Studies- How Do People Maintain and Change Their World View?- How Are World Views Used as Instruments of Power?11. Why Do Anthropologists Study Economic Relations?- How Do Anthropologists Study Economic Relations?- How Do Anthropologists Study Production, Distribution, and Consumption?- How Are Goods Distributed and Exchanged?- Does Production Drive Economic Activities?- Why Do People Consume What They Do?- The Anthropology of Food and Nutrition12. How Do Anthropologists Study Political Relations?- How Are Culture and Politics Related?- How Do Anthropologists Study Politics?- How Are Politics, Gender, and Kinship Related?- How Are Immigration and Politics Related in the New Europe?- Hidden Transcripts and the Power of Reflection13. Where Do Our Relatives Come From and Why Do They Matter?- What Is Kinship?- What Is the Role of Descent in Kinship?- What Roles Do Lineages Play in Descent?- What Are Kinship Terminologies?- What Criteria Are Used for Making Kinship Distinctions?- What Is Adoption?- How Are New Reproductive Technologies Changing Western Concepts of Kinship?- How Do We Define Marriage?- What Is a Family?- How Are Families Transformed over Time?- How Does International Migration Affect the Family?- How Are Sexual Practices Organized?- Sexuality and PowerFocus on Four Fields: Cultural Anthropology: Ethnographic Methods14. What Can Anthropology Tell Us about Social Inequality?- Inequality and Structural Violence in Haiti- Gender- Class- Caste- Race- Ethnicity- Nation and Nationalism15. What Can Anthropology Tell Us about Globalization?- What Happened to the Global Economy after the Cold War?- Cultural Processes in a Global World- How Does Globalization Affect the Nation-State?- Are Human Rights Universal?- Cultural Imperialism or Cultural Hybridity?- Can We Be at Home in a Global World?- Why Study Anthropology?

Editorial Reviews

"This text does a very good job of showing the relevance of anthropology in the twenty-first century." --Mark Prentice, Vanier College