Anthropology: What Does it Mean to Be Human? Canadian Edition

Paperback | February 11, 2016

byRobert H. Lavenda, Emily A. Schultz, Cynthia Zutter

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A unique alternative to more traditional, encyclopaedic introductory texts, Anthropology, C/e takes a question-oriented approach that illuminates major concepts in the field while also helping students see the relevance of anthropology in today's world. Structuring each chapter around animportant question, authors Robert H. Lavenda, Emily A. Schultz, and Cynthia Zutter explore what it means to be human, incorporating answers from all four major subfields of anthropology - biological anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology. Throughout, theyaddress the central issues of the discipline, highlighting controversies and commitments that shape contemporary anthropology while incorporating diverse examples to spark student curiosity.This edition incorporates discussion of Canadian scholarship, issues, and cases - on topics ranging from Indigenous religions and language preservation, to immigration, to cultural resource management in this country - while still retaining an overarching global approach, giving readers a balancedoverview of anthropology at home and abroad.Concise yet thorough, Anthropology, C/e conveys the richness of the field, helping students better understand themselves and the world around them.

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From the Publisher

A unique alternative to more traditional, encyclopaedic introductory texts, Anthropology, C/e takes a question-oriented approach that illuminates major concepts in the field while also helping students see the relevance of anthropology in today's world. Structuring each chapter around animportant question, authors Robert H. Lavenda, E...

Robert H. Lavenda is professor of anthropology and co-chair of the Department of Anthropology at St. Cloud State University. Emily A. Schultz is professor of Anthropology at St. Cloud State University. Cynthia Zutter is professor in the Department of Anthropology, Economics and Political Science at MacEwan University. She has taugh...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:576 pages, 11 × 8.5 × 0.63 inPublished:February 11, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199012865

ISBN - 13:9780199012862

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgementsFrom the Publisher1. What Is Anthropology?What Is Anthropology?What Is the Concept of Culture?What Makes Anthropology a Cross-Disciplinary Discipline?Biological AnthropologyCultural AnthropologyLinguistic AnthropologyArchaeologyApplied AnthropologyMedical AnthropologyThe Uses of AnthropologyChapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings2. Why Is the Concept of Culture Important?How Do Anthropologists Define Culture?Culture, History, and Human AgencyWhy Do Cultural Differences Matter?How Can Cultural Relativity Improve Our Understanding of Controversial Cultural Practices?Does Culture Explain Everything?The Promise of the Anthropological PerspectiveChapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings3. Why Is Evolution Important to Anthropologists?What Is Evolutionary Theory?What Material Evidence Is There for Evolution?Pre-Darwinian Views of the Natural WorldWhat Is Natural Selection?How Did Biologists Learn about Genes?Genotype, Phenotype, and the Norm of ReactionWhat Does Evolution Mean to Anthropologists?Chapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings4. What Can Evolutionary Theory Tell Us about Human Variation?What Is Microevolution?Skin ColourIntelligenceWhat Is Macroevolution?Can We Predict the Future of Human Evolution?Chapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings5. What Can the Study of Primates Tell Us about Human Beings?What Are Primates?How Do Anthropologists Classify Primates?What Do We Know about the Kinds of Primates Living Today?Are There Patterns in Primate Evolution?How Do Paleoanthropologists Reconstruct Primate Evolutionary History?Chapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings6. What Can the Fossil Record Tell Us about Human Origins?What is Hominin Evolution?Who Were the First Hominins (6-3 mya)?Who Were the Later Australopiths (3-1.5 mya)?How Can Anthropologists Explain the Human Transition?What Do We Know about Early Homo (2.4-1.5 mya)?Who Was Homo Erectus (1.8-0.3 mya-1.7 mya to 0.5-0.4 mya)?What Happened to Homo Erectus?How Did Homo Sapiens Evolve?Who Were the Neanderthals (230,000-27,000 Years Ago)?What Do We Know about the Tool Tradition and Culture of the Middle Paleolithic/Middle Stone Age?What Do We Know about Anatomically Modern Humans (200,000 Years Ago to Present)?What Do We Know About the Upper Paleolithic/Late Stone Age (40,000?-10,000 Years Ago)What Happened to the Neanderthals?How Many Kinds of Upper Paleolithic/Late Stone Age Cultures Were There?Where Did Modern Homo Sapiens Migrate in Late Pleistocene Times?Two Million Years of Human EvolutionChapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested ReadingsFocus on Four Fields: Biological Anthropology: Bioarchaeology and the Analysis of Human Remains7. How Do We Know about the Human Past?What Is Archaeology?How Do Archaeologists Interpret the Past?Whose Past Is It?Plundering the PastContemporary Trends in ArchaeologyChapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested ReadingsFocus on Four Fields: Archaeology: Dating Methods in Archaeology and Paleoanthropology8. Why Did Humans Settle Down, Build Cities, and Establish States?How Is the Human Imagination Entangled with the Material World?Is Plant Cultivation a Form of Niche Construction?How Do Anthropologists Explain the Origins of Animal Domestication?How Do Anthropologists Explain the Development of Domestication?How Did Domestication, Cultivation, and Sedentism Begin in Southwest Asia?What Were the Consequences of Domestication and Sedentism?How Do Anthropologists Define Social Complexity?What Is the Archaeological Evidence for Social Complexity?How Can Anthropologists Explain the Rise of Complex Societies?Chapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings9. Why Is Understanding Human Language Important?How Do We Communicate without Language?How Are Language and Culture Related?What Makes Human Language Distinctive?What Does It Mean to "Learn" a Language?What Happens when Languages Come into Contact?What Is Linguistic Inequality?How Do Issues of Language Use and Gender Intersect?What Is Lost If a Language Dies?How Are Language and Truth Connected?Chapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested ReadingsFocus on Four Fields: Linguistic Anthropology: Components of Language10. How Do We Make Meaning?What Is Play?What Is Art?What Is Myth?What Is Ritual?How Are World View and Symbolic Practice Related?What Are Symbols?What Is Religion?World Views in Operation: Two Case StudiesHow Do People Maintain and Change Their World View?How Are World Views Used as Instruments of Power?Chapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings11. Why Do Anthropologists Study Economic Relations?How Do Anthropologists Study Economic Relations?How Do Anthropologists Study Production, Distribution, and Consumption?How Are Goods Distributed and Exchanged?Does Production Drive Economic Activities?Why Do People Consume What They Do?The Anthropology of Food and NutritionChapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings12. How Do Anthropologists Study Political Relations?How Are Culture and Politics Related?How Do Anthropologists Study Politics?How Are Politics, Gender, and Kinship Related?How Are Immigration and Politics Related in the New Europe?Hidden Transcripts and the Power of ReflectionChapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings13. Where Do Our Relatives Come From and Why Do They Matter?What Is Kinship?What Is the Role of Descent in Kinship?What Roles Do Lineages Play in Descent?What Are Kinship Terminologies?What Criteria Are Used for Making Kinship Distinctions?What Is Adoption?How Are New Reproductive Technologies Changing Western Concepts of Kinship?How Do We Define Marriage?What Is a Family?How Are Families Transformed over Time?How Are Sexual Practices Organized?Sexuality and PowerChapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested ReadingsFocus on Four Fields: Cultural Anthropology: Ethnographic Methods14. What Can Anthropology Tell Us about Social Inequality?Inequality and Structural Violence in HaitiGenderClassCasteRaceColorism in NicaraguaEthnicityNation and NationalismChapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested Readings15. What Can Anthropology Tell Us about Globalization?What Happened to the Global Economy after the Cold War?Cultural Processes in a Global WorldHow Does Globalization Affect the Nation-State?Are Human Rights Universal?Cultural Imperialism or Cultural Hybridity?- Can We Be at Home in a Global World?Why Study Anthropology?Chapter SummaryFor ReviewKey TermsSuggested ReadingsGlossaryReferencesCreditsIndex