Anti-Drug Crusades in Twentieth-Century China: Nationalism, History, and State-Building by Zhou YongmingAnti-Drug Crusades in Twentieth-Century China: Nationalism, History, and State-Building by Zhou Yongming

Anti-Drug Crusades in Twentieth-Century China: Nationalism, History, and State-Building

byZhou Yongming

Paperback | January 12, 2000

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Central to ChinaOs identity, drugs have been inextricably linked to every aspect of the countryOs economy, polity, society, and culture since the early nineteenth century. This book is the first comprehensive study of anti-drug crusades in twentieth-century China. Zhou Yongming addresses the complexity of anti-drug campaigns by examining how modern Chinese nationalism and the needs of state building have shaped the ways in which these campaigns have been carried out. The author traces the important role that nationalism has played in all of ChinaOs anti-drug crusades by providing the motivation, legitimacy, and emotional charge needed for Chinese authorities to take an anti-drug stance. Nationalism has provided a forum for fashioning mainstream anti-drug discourse, interpreting the history of the Opium Wars, and mobilizing the social elite and general public in the cause of drug suppression. Yet to avoid adopting nationalism as a universal concept, the author argues that its complexity and mutability can only be fully appreciated if its multiple forms and meanings in modern China are explored. At the same time, the author contends that anti-drug campaigns also are closely related to internal politics. He shows that both the Nationalists and the Communists used these campaigns to build state hegemony through mass crusades, nationwide mobilization, and the use of state violence. To achieve its goal, the state often adopted multiple interpretations of the nationalist anti-drug debate and then incorporated them into the stateOs hidden agenda of conducting anti-drug campaigns. Drawing on previously unavailable archival sources and personal interviews, the author tells a rich story that will be valuable to Asia scholars and narcotics researchers alike.
Zhou Yongming is associate professor of anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
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Title:Anti-Drug Crusades in Twentieth-Century China: Nationalism, History, and State-BuildingFormat:PaperbackDimensions:208 pages, 9.02 × 5.8 × 0.46 inPublished:January 12, 2000Publisher:Rowman & Littlefield PublishersLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0847695980

ISBN - 13:9780847695980

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 Nationalism, Reform, and Anti-Opium Mobilization in Late Qing Chapter 3 Nationalism and the Anti-Drug Mobilization of the Shanghai Elite, 1924-1927 Chapter 4 Society Versus State: NAOA and Opium Policies of the Nationalists, 1927-1934 Chapter 5 The Six-Year Opium Suppression Plan and the New Life Movement Chapter 6 Nationalism, Identity, and State Building: Anti-Drug Crusades in the People's Republic, 1949-1952 Chapter 7 Facing drugs Again: Anti-Drug Discourse in Contemporary China Chapter 8 A "Peoples War" without People: Anti-Drug Campaigns in the 1990s Chapter 9 Anti-Drug Campaigns and Ethnic Minorities in Southwestern China: 1950s and 1990s Chapter 10 Conclusions Chapter 11 Notes Chapter 12 Bibliography Chapter 13 Index Chapter 14 About the Author

From Our Editors

Zhou Yongming offers an illuminating, fascinating history of the war on the Chinese drug industry. Anti-Drug Crusades in Twentieth-Century China: Nationalism, History, and State-Building studies economic, political, social and cultural impacts of the drug trade and war on it. From the modest beginnings of Chinese drug enforcement in 1906, readers are escorted through such anti-drug victories as the CCP’s opium eradication campaigns in the early 1950s. Previously unpublished archival information as well as intimate interviews provide the backbone of this well written work of history. 

Editorial Reviews

This is a useful and readable book. Succinctly and lucidly written, Anti-Drug Crusades in Twentieth-Century China tells an interesting story that will be welcomed by China scholars and all those interested in narcotics research.