Applications of Picosecond Spectroscopy to Chemistry by K.B. EisenthalApplications of Picosecond Spectroscopy to Chemistry by K.B. Eisenthal

Applications of Picosecond Spectroscopy to Chemistry

byK.B. Eisenthal

Paperback | February 25, 2012

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With the development of lasers that can generate light 11 14 pulses ranging from 10- - 10- sec duration, and capable of 13 peak powers in excess of 10 watts scientists have been able to investigate the interactions of light with matter in a time and power domain not previously possible. These ultrashort laser pulses provide a powerful tool for the study of chemical phenomena at the most fundamental level. Many of the elementary processes of importance in chemistry including energy dissipa­ tion, molecular motions, structural and chemical changes occur on a very short time scale and thus require special approaches. Th<_20_use20_of20_ultrashort20_laser20_pulses20_to20_perturb20_and20_to20_probe20_systems20_of20_interest20_affords20_a20_direct20_approach20_to20_the20_time20_resoc2ad_20_lution20_of20_very20_rapid20_chemical20_phenomena.20_it20_was20_recognition20_of20_the20_impact20_of20_these20_relatively20_new20_approaches20_to20_chemical20_phenomena20_that20_motivated20_nato20_to20_sponsor20_a20_meeting20_on20_the20_applications20_of20_picosecond20_spectroscopy20_in20_chemistry.20_the20_primary20_aim20_of20_the20_nato20_workshop20_was20_to20_gain20_some20_perspective20_on20_the20_status20_of20_the20_field20_in20_terms20_of20_present20_research20_activities2c_20_technological20_developments20_and20_if20_possible20_the20_difficult20_task20_of20_sensing20_future20_directions.20_the20_way20_we20_decided20_to20_approach20_these20_issues20_was20_to20_gather20_together20_the20_main20_contributors20_to20_the20_field2c_20_fortunately20_many20_of20_whom20_were20_able20_to20_attend2c_20_to20_present20_their20_work20_and20_to20_participate20_in20_what20_turned20_out20_to20_be20_lively20_discussions20_of20_the20_field. use="" of="" ultrashort="" laser="" pulses="" to="" perturb="" and="" probe="" systems="" interest="" affords="" a="" direct="" approach="" the="" time="" _resoc2ad_="" lution="" very="" rapid="" chemical="" phenomena.="" it="" was="" recognition="" impact="" these="" relatively="" new="" approaches="" phenomena="" that="" motivated="" nato="" sponsor="" meeting="" on="" applications="" picosecond="" spectroscopy="" in="" chemistry.="" primary="" aim="" workshop="" gain="" some="" perspective="" status="" field="" terms="" present="" research="" _activities2c_="" technological="" developments="" if="" possible="" difficult="" task="" sensing="" future="" directions.="" way="" we="" decided="" issues="" gather="" together="" main="" contributors="" _field2c_="" fortunately="" many="" whom="" were="" able="" _attend2c_="" their="" work="" participate="" what="" turned="" out="" be="" lively="" discussions="">
Title:Applications of Picosecond Spectroscopy to ChemistryFormat:PaperbackDimensions:363 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.01 inPublished:February 25, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9400964293

ISBN - 13:9789400964297

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Table of Contents

I Photochemistry.- The Sub-Nanosecond Regime in Photosynthesis.- Picosecond Laser Photolysis Studies of Photo-Induced Charge Transfer and Related Phenomena.- Application of Picosecond Spectroscopy to Organic Reaction Mechanisms.- Studies of the Chemical Intermediate Diphenyl-Carbene: Intersystem Crossing, Solvent Effects on Dynamics, Spin State Selective Chemistry, Photochemistry of the Excited Triplet State.- II Energy Relaxation and Molecular Motions in Condensed Media.- Photochemical Isomerization Viewed as a Model for Activated Barrier Crossing in Solution.- Dynamics of the Radiationless Relaxations in Triphenylmethane Molecules and the Influence of Solvent-Solute Interactions.- Verification of Optical Redfield Theory in Doped Molecular Solids.- Picosecond Fluorescence Decay of Organic Chromophores and Biological Pigments, Monitored With a Synchroscan Streak Camera.- Non-Linear Optical Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics in Liquids.- III Vibrational Relaxation.- Picosecond Vibrational Dephasing Experiments in Liquids under High Laser Depletion Conditions.- Ultrafast Coherent Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy of Gases and Liquids.- Picosecond Processes in Chemical Systems: Vibrational Relaxation.- Time Resolved Spectroscopy and Dynamics of Large Amplitude Vibrational Motion in Molecular Liquids And Crystals.- Fluorescence Studies of Very Short-Lived Excited States of Aromatic Molecules.- IV Isolated Molecules.- Single Vibrational Level Dependence of Picosecond Fluorescence in the Channel 3 Region of Benzene.- Picosecond Photo-Chemistry and Spectroscopy in Supersonic Beams.- Photodissociation of S-Tetrazine and Vibrational Predissociation Processes of its Argon Van Der Waals Complexes.- V Spectroscopic Techniques.- Spectroscopy with Femtosecond Optical Pulses.- Alternative Techniques for Picosecond Spectroscopy.- List of Participants.