Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects by Jeffrey E. BrowerAquinas's Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects by Jeffrey E. Brower

Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects

byJeffrey E. Brower

Paperback | April 8, 2017

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What is the nature of the material world? And how are its fundamental constituents to be described? These questions are of central concern to contemporary philosophers, and in their attempt to answer them, they have begun reconsidering traditional views about metaphysical structure, includingthe Aristotelian view that material objects are best described as "hylomorphic compounds" - that is, objects composed of both matter (hyle) and form (morphe).In this major new study, Jeffrey E. Brower presents and explains the hylomorphic conception of the material world developed by Thomas Aquinas, the most influential Aristotelian of the Middle Ages. According to Brower, the key to understanding Aquinas's conception lies in his distinctive account ofintrinsic change. Beginning with a novel analysis of this account, Brower systematically introduces all the elements of Aquinas's hylomorphism, showing how they apply to material objects in general and human beings in particular. The resulting picture not only sheds new light on Aquinas's ontologyas a whole, but provides a wholesale alternative to the standard contemporary accounts of material objects.In addition to presenting and explaining Aquinas's views, Brower seeks wherever possible to bring them into dialogue with the best recent literature on related topics. Along the way, he highlights the contribution that Aquinas's views make to a host of contemporary metaphysical debates, includingthe nature of change, composition, material constitution, the ontology of stuff vs. things, the proper analysis of ordinary objects, the truthmakers for essential vs. accidental predication, and the metaphysics of property possession.
Jeffrey E. Brower is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Purdue University. His areas of specialization are medieval philosophy, metaphysics, and philosophy of religion. He is co-editor of The Cambridge Companion to Abelard (CUP, 2004), and has published numerous articles in journals and edited volumes such as Mind, The Philosophical ...
Title:Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material ObjectsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:352 pagesPublished:April 8, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198776594

ISBN - 13:9780198776598

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgementsList of AbbreviationsPrefacePart I. Introduction1. A Sketch of the Complete Ontology2. Filling Out the SketchPart II. Change3. Change in General4. Substantial vs. Accidental ChangePart III. Hylomorphism5. From Change to Hylomorphism6. Hylomorphism as a Type of Substratum Theory7. In Defense of HylomorphismPart IV. Material Objects8. From Hylomorphism to Material Compounds9. Types of Material Compound10. Material Compounds vs. Material ObjectsPart V. Complications11. Non-Standard Changes and Forms without Substrata12. Mind-Body Dualism13. The AfterlifeAppendix: A Glossary of Technical TermsBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"a welcome addition to research on Aquinas's metaphysics and a fresh start for studies on his physics. This pondered and engaging monograph, whose reading is well recommended to both scholars and students, will certainly become a reference for future studies on Aquinas's ontology of thematerial world." --Marta Bogo, Journal of the History of Philosophy