Archaeology of Native North America

Paperback | September 29, 2009

byDean R Snow, ProfessorEditorDean R Snow, Professor

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This comprehensive text is intended for the junior-senior level course in North American Archaeology. Written by accomplished scholar Dean Snow, this new text approaches native North America from the perspective of evolutionary ecology. Succinct, streamlined chapters present an extensive groundwork for supplementary material, or serve as a core text.The narrative covers all of Mesoamerica, and explicates the links between the part of North America covered by the United States and Canada and the portions covered by Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and the Greater Antilles. Additionally, book is extensively illustrated with the author's own research and findings.

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This comprehensive text is intended for the junior-senior level course in North American Archaeology. Written by accomplished scholar Dean Snow, this new text approaches native North America from the perspective of evolutionary ecology. Succinct, streamlined chapters present an extensive groundwork for supplementary material, or serve ...

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Written by accomplished scholar Dean Snow, this new text approaches native North America from the perspective of ecology and cultural evolution. Designed for semester-length courses, with an instructor's guide suggesting edits for ten-week terms and optional enhancements.KEY TOPICS:  The narrative includes Mesoamerica, and explicates t...

Dean R. Snow is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Penn State University. He is an archaeologist who specializes in ethnohistoric and demographic problems. In recent years his work has led him into Geographic Information Systems (GIS) approaches to these issues. He has conducted research in Mexico and in the northeastern region of N...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:408 pages, 10.15 × 8 × 0.8 inPublished:September 29, 2009Publisher:Taylor and FrancisLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:013615686X

ISBN - 13:9780136156864

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Table of Contents

1.      Introduction
Why it Matters                 
Archaeological Science                 
Coping with Incomplete Information                      
The Use and Misuse of Evidence              
Mistakes and Fakes                      
The Difference Between Biological and Cultural Evolution              
Basic Concepts for the Study of Cultural Evolution            
Ecological Approaches                 
North America and Human Potential                     
Geography and Basic Terms                     
The Special Place of Rock Art                  
Oral Tradition                   
Summary              
Further Reading    
2.      Eurasian Origins 
Introduction                      
The Evolution of Modern Humans             
Out of Africa                    
The Expansion of Modern Humans           
Lines of Evidence from Living American Indians                
Crossing Beringia              
Traveling Companions                  
Archaeological Traces in Siberia               
Swan Point           
The Nenana Complex                   
The First Americans                      
Summary              
Further Reading   
3.      The Peopling of America     
Introduction                      
Was Clovis Culture First?             
Dubious Claims for Pre-Clovis Sites                      
More Likely Claims for Pre-Clovis Sites               
The Paleoindian Period                 
Tracking Paleoindians from Beringia                      
The Nenana Complex Revisited                
The Mesa Site                  
Accommodating the Monte Verde Site                  
Sites on the California Coast                     
Clovis Culture                   
The Atlantic Alternative                 
The Great Extinction                     
Paleoindian Skeletal Evidence                   
The End of the Paleoindian Period             
Summary              
Further Reading        
4.      Archaic Adaptations  
Introduction                      
Holocene Adaptations                  
The Roots of Domestication                      
The Luck of Good Location                      
Humanizing Environments              
Palynology            
The Humanized Forest                  
Consequences for Human Adaptation                   
Hallmarks in Stone            
Major Adaptive Trends in the Holocene                
Insights from Ethnography             
Managing Mobility            
The Magic Number 500 and the Redefinition of Sharing                
The Great Basin Laboratory                      
The Northeastern Archaic             
Other Archaic Cultures                 
Evolving Technology                     
Centers of Plant Domestication                 
Summary              
Further Reading  
5.      The Moundbuilders     
The Environment of the Eastern Woodlands                      
First Impressions              
The Roots of Mound Building in the Eastern Woodlands                
Adena Culture                  
Hopewell Culture              
Later Burial Moundbuilders           
The Beginnings of Platform Mounds                      
Summary              
Further Reading   
6.      The Greater Southwest
Introduction                      
The First Farmers             
Language Families            
Regional Ecology              
Hohokam             
Mogollon              
Ancestral Pueblo              
Sinagua                
Patayan                
The Contraction of Greater Southwest Cultures                 
Later Ancestral Pueblo and Modern Descendants             
Arrival of the Athapaskans            
Summary              
Further Reading
7.      Mesoamerican Civilization  
Introduction                      
Mesoamerican Geography            
The Consequences of Plant Domestication            
Mesoamerican Chronology           
The Olmecs                      
Olmec Polities                  
Olmec Centers                 
Highland Mexico              
Cuicuilco              
Teotihuac¿nbsp;                     
Competing City-States                  
Oaxaca                
Maya Civilization              
Major Maya City-States               
The Maya Collapse                      
The Mesoamerican Ball Game                  
The Rest of Mesoamerica             
Summary              
Further Reading      
8.      Postclassic Mesoamerica 
Introduction                      
The Postclassic Period                  
The Toltecs                      
The Rise of the Aztecs                  
Aztec Society and Empire             
Aztec Religion                  
Tenochtitlan                      
Aztec Calendar and Math             
Native Books                   
The Aztec Imperial Economy                    
The End of Native Empires           
The Rest of Mexico                      
The Postclassic Maya                   
Highland Central America             
Summary              
Further Reading    
9.      The Mississippians
Introduction                      
Mississippians and Mesoamericans           
The Rise of Maize Farming           
Middle Mississippian                    
South Appalachian Mississippian               
Plaquemine Mississippian              
Caddoan Mississippian Societies               
Summary              
Further Reading                
10.  The Northeastern Forests  
Introduction                      
The Rise of Farming Cultures in the Northern Woodlands              
The Descendants of Hopewell                   
The Algonquian Expansion            
Wild Rice Gathering                      
Algonquian Rock Art                    
Later Eastern Algonqians              
Northern Iroquoians                     
The Formation of Confederacies               
The Workings of the League of the Iroquois                      
Demographic Change and Adaptation                   
The Central Algonquians and Siouans                    
Other Northerners and Other Adjustments            
Epidemics and Depopulation                     
Summary              
Further Reading   
11.  The Gulf Rim 
Introduction                      
The Gulf Environment                   
Early Mound Building                   
Troyville-Coles Creek Culture                  
Weeden Island, Fort Walton, and Safety Harbor Cultures             
Southern Florida               
The Northern Gulf Coast              
The Antilles                      
The Mexican Gulf Coast               
Summary              
Further Reading   
12.  The Interior West    
Introduction                      
The Great Plains               
Northern Plains Hunter-Gatherers             
Southern Plains Hunter-Gatherers             
Plains Woodland Cultures             
Plains Village Cultures                   
The Great Basin                
The Plateau                      
The Horse Nomads                      
Summary              
Further Reading     
13.  The West Coast   
Introduction                      
The Northwest Coast                   
Historic Northwest Coast Cultures            
The Roots of Northwest Coast Culture                 
Southern Northwest Coast            
California              
The Man Called Ishi                     
Baja California                  
Summary              
Further Reading     
14.  The Arctic and Subarctic
The Arctic Environment                
Arctic Stage 1: The Earliest Evidence                    
Arctic Stage 2: Finding Solutions               
Arctic Stage 3: The Arctic Small Tool Tradition                 
Arctic Stage 4: Kachemak, Choris, Norton, Ipiutak, Dorset, and Old Bering Sea   
Arctic Stage 5: Thule Culture                    
The Norse            
The Subarctic                   
Summary              
Further Reading  
15.  Worlds in Collision
Introduction                      
The Columbian Exchange              
American Indian Populations                     
The Development of Archaeology             
The Rise of Professional Archaeology                   
Archaeology and American Indians           
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act                   
Conclusion           
Summary              
Further Reading          

Index